On This Day

What Happened in October 1884

Historical Events

  • Oct 3 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Jack Simpson wins in windy conditions by 4 strokes from fellow Scots Douglas Rolland and Willie Fernie
  • Oct 6 Naval War College forms in Newport, Rhode Island
  • Oct 13 Greenwich in London established as the universal time meridian of longitude

InventionHistoric Invention

Oct 14 George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • Oct 22 General Gordon receives letter of Mahdi
  • Oct 22 Sporting Life announces that both pennant winners will meet in 3 game series Oct 23-25 at Polo Grounds NYC to determine baseball champion
  • Oct 22 International Meridian Conference in Washington, D.C. adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) worldwide, creating 24 international time zones with longitude zero at the Greenwich meridian
  • Oct 23 1st World Series OKed by AA, Providence (NL) beats NY Mets (AA) 6-0
  • Oct 25 1st World Series OK by AA, Providence (NL) sweeps NY Mets (AA) in 3
  • Oct 27 Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in NYC

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 5 Hendrik Tilanus, Dutch artillery officer and political leader (CHU 1939-63), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • Oct 6 Lloyd Spooner, American marksman (Olympic-4 gold/1 silver/2 bronze-1920)
  • Oct 8 Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal, born in Karlsruhe, Germany (d. 1942)
  • Oct 9 Helene Deutsch [Rosenbach], Polish-American psychoanalyst, born in Przemyśl, Poland (d. 1982)
  • Oct 9 Martin Elmer Johnson, American adventurer and filmmaker, born in Rockford, Illinois (d. 1937)
  • Oct 10 Ormy Pearse, South African cricketer (3 Tests for South Africa in Australia 1910-11), born in Pietermaritzberg, Natal (d. 1953)
  • Oct 10 Ferdinand Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer and writer (Bint), born in Amsterdam (d. 1965)

Person of interestEleanor Roosevelt

Oct 11 Eleanor Roosevelt, American 1st lady (1933-1945) human rights advocate (UN), born in NYC, New York (d. 1962)

US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Oct 11 Friedrich Bergius, German chemist (benzine from brown coal, Nobel 1931), born in Breslau (Wrocław), Germany (d. 1949)
  • Oct 11 Robert Müller-Hartmann, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1950)
  • Oct 11 Sig Ruman [Siegfried Albon Rumann], German-American actor (Schultz-Life With Luigi), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1967)
  • Oct 12 Godfrey Tearle, English-American actor (39 Steps, Mandy, At Dawn We Die), born in NYC, New York (d. 1953)
  • Oct 14 Jimmy Conlin, American actor (Sin of Harold Diddlebock), born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 1962)
  • Oct 15 Archibald Hoxsey, American pioneer aviator (worked for the Wright brothers), born in Staunton, Illinois (d. 1910)
  • Oct 16 Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (d. 1916)
  • Oct 17 Lewis Bennison, American actor (The Road Called Straight), born in Oakland, California (d. 1929)
  • Oct 20 Thomas Chalmers, American opera singer, actor, and filmmaker (Blind Alleys, Outrage), born in NYC, New York (d. 1966)
  • Oct 25 Eduardo Barrios, Chilean novelist (The Love-Crazed Boy), born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1963)
  • Oct 28 Miloje Milojević, Serbian composer, born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1946)
  • Oct 30 Rudolf Forster, Austrian actor (Threepenny Opera), born in Gröbming, Austria-Hungary (d. 1868)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 1 Politician William Jennings Bryan (24) weds Mary sweetheart Elizabeth Baird

US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan
US Secretary of State
William Jennings Bryan

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 3 Hans Makart, Austrian painter (Geur), dies at 44
  • Oct 31 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian diarist and painter, dies at 25