On This Day

What Happened in March 1885

Historical Events

  • Mar 3 1st US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
  • Mar 3 American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
  • Mar 3 US Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of federal government)
  • Mar 3 US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail

Historic Event

Mar 4 Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st US Democratic President since Civil War

  • Mar 14 Gilbert & Sullivan's comic opera "Mikado" premieres in London at the Savoy Theatre
  • Mar 15 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Lesson Djinns"

Historic Event

Mar 19 Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask

  • Mar 20 Jan Ernst Matzeliger received patent number 274,207 for his lasting machine which creates wood or stone molds of customers' feet
  • Mar 20 Yiddish theater opens in NY with Goldfaden operetta
  • Mar 21 2nd French government of Ferry resigns
  • Mar 26 Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film
  • Mar 26 Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask
  • Mar 26 1st modern, legal cremation held in England at Woking, Surrey [1]
  • Mar 27 47th Grand National: Jockey Ted Wilson wins his second consecutive GN aboard 10/3 favourite Roquefort
  • Mar 30 The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire
  • Mar 31 Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Lionel Atwill, British actor (The Mystery of the Wax Museum), born in Croydon, London, England (d. 1946)
  • Mar 4 Willem H Winkel, Dutch physician/founder (Red Cross of Curacao)
  • Mar 6 Ringgold "Ring" Lardner, US sports writer (You Know Me Al)
  • Mar 10 Hans Luther, German politician and German Chancellor (1925-6), born in Berlin (d. 1962)
  • Mar 11 Malcolm Campbell, British motor racer (world land and water speed record holder), born in London, England (d. 1948)
  • Mar 12 Raphaël Verwilghen, Belgian architect, and urban planner, born in Roeselare, West Flanders, Belgium (d. 1963)
  • Mar 14 Gervais Raoul Lufbery, French-American World War I fighter pilot and flying ace, born in Chamalières, France (d. 1918)
  • Mar 16 Giacomo Benvenuti, Italian composer, born in Toscolano, Italy (d. 1943)
  • Mar 16 Sydney Chaplin [Hawkes], British actor, half brother and manager of Charlie Chaplin, born in London, England (d. 1965)
  • Mar 20 Eugen Herrigel, German philosopher/early pioneer of Zen in Europe
  • Mar 20 Hendrik A de Fish [Henri Pauwels], Flemish philological/sociologist
  • Mar 22 Adriano Lualdi, Italian composer and conductor (d. 1971)
  • Mar 22 Jēkabs Mediņš, Latvian composer, born in Riga, Russian Empire (now Latvia) (d. 1971)
  • Mar 22 Aryeh Levin [Reb Aryeh], Orthodox Jewish rabbi (d. 1969)
  • Mar 23 Platt Adams, American field athlete (Olympic gold standing high jump 1912), Belleville, New Jersey (d. 1961)
  • Mar 24 Charlie Daniels, US swimmer (4 Olympic golds 1904, 08)
  • Mar 25 Veit Valentin, German/American historian (Deutsche Revolution)
  • Mar 26 Julius Harrison, British composer and conductor (Bredon Hill), born in Stourport, Worcestershire (d. 1963)
  • Mar 26 Robert Blackburn, British aviation pioneer and the founder of Blackburn Aircraft, born in Kirkstall, Leeds (d. 1955)
  • Mar 28 Marc-Jean-Baptiste Delmas, French composer, born in Saint-Quentin, France (d. 1931)
  • Mar 31 Jules Pascin [Julius Pincas], Bulgarian/American painter/cartoonist

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 25 Karl Schwarz, German theologian, dies at 72
  • Mar 28 Fredrick Vilhelm Ludvig Norman, Swedish composer, dies at 53
  • Mar 31 Franz W Abbot, German composer/choir conductor, dies at 65
  • Mar 31 Philipp Fahrbach the Elder, Austrian composer, dies at 69