On This Day

What Happened in November 1885

Historical Events

  • Nov 1 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei
  • Nov 3 Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes & businesses
  • Nov 6 US mint at Carson City, Nevada, directed to close
  • Nov 7 Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie
  • Nov 9 Opera "Ermine" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 German engineer Gottlieb Daimler unveils the world's first motorcycle

Engineer and inventor Gottlieb Daimler
Engineer and inventor
Gottlieb Daimler
  • Nov 12 Montreal & Britannia Football Clubs (QRFU) defeat Ontario Combined Team (ORFU) 3-0 in CRFU Championship game
  • Nov 14 Serbia invades Bulgaria, beginning the two-week Serbo-Bulgarian War; the Serbs are later defeated decisively [O.S. November 2]
  • Nov 17 The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invades Bulgaria
  • Nov 19 Bulgarians, led by Stefan Stambolov, repulse a larger Serbian invasion force at Slivinitza
  • Nov 23 Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
  • Nov 27 1st photograph of a meteor taken by Austro-Hungarian photographer Ladislaus Weinek in Prague
  • Nov 30 Opera "El Cid" premieres (Paris)

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 2 Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (Sun's position in galaxy), born in Nashville, Missouri (d. 1972)

Person of interestWill Durant

Nov 5 Will Durant, American author and historian (The Story of Philosophy, The Story of Civilization), born in North Adams, Massachusetts (d. 1981)

Historian Will Durant
Historian
Will Durant
  • Nov 6 Emiel Poetou, Flemish sculptor, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1975)
  • Nov 8 Hans Cloos, German geologist and pioneer in the study of granite tectonics (the deformation of crystalline rocks), born in Magdeburg, Germany (d. 1951)
  • Nov 8 Tomoyuki Yamashita [Yamashita Tomobumi], Imperial Japanese general dubbed "Tiger of Malaya," born in Ōtoyo, Kōchi, Japan (d. 1946)
  • Nov 8 Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (Shell-Haus in Berlin), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1966)
  • Nov 9 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, born in Tundutov, Russia (d. 1922)
  • Nov 9 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician and philosopher, born in Elmshom, Germany (d. 1955)
  • Nov 9 Theodor Kaluza, German mathematician and physicist (Kaluza–Klein theory), born in Silesia, Germany (d. 1954)
  • Nov 9 Aureliano Pertile, Italian tenor, born in Montagnana, Italy (d. 1952)
  • Nov 10 Esther Dale, American actress (The Awful Truth, Unfinished Business), born in Beaufort, South Carolina (d. 1961)

Person of interestGeorge S. Patton

Nov 11 George S. Patton, American WWII general (Sicily, Italy and Normandy) known as "Old Blood & Guts", born in San Gabriel, California (d. 1945)

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Nov 13 Montague Fawcett Phillips, British composer, born in Tottenham, London (d. 1969)
  • Nov 14 Sonia Delaunay, Russian-born French artist (Orphism), born in Hradyzk, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • Nov 16 Mikiel Gonzi, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Malta (1944-76), born in Vittoriosa, Birgu, Malta (d. 1984)
  • Nov 17 Henry de Man, Belgian sociologist/chairman (Belgian Workers Party)
  • Nov 19 Erskine Sanford, American actor (Citizen Kane, Angel on My Shoulder), born in Trinidad, Colorado (d. 1969)
  • Nov 26 Heinrich Brüning, German politician and Chancellor of Germany (1930-32), born in Münster, Province of Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1970)
  • Nov 27 Rudolph Reti, Serbian composer, born in Užice, Kingdom of Serbia (D. 1957)

Person of interestAlbert Kesselring

Nov 30 Albert Kesselring, German general during World War II (Commander-in-Chief South and West), born in Marktsteft, German Empire (d. 1960)

German General Albert Kesselring
German General
Albert Kesselring

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 8 Johannes Kneppelhout, [Klikspaan], Dutch humorist/author, dies at 71

BattleLouis Riel

Nov 16 Louis Riel, Canadian rebel leader and "Father of Manitoba", hanged for treason at 41

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel
  • Nov 25 Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1874-85), dies at 27
  • Nov 25 Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st Vice President of the United States (D), dies 8 months after taking office at 66
  • Nov 26 Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (ozone), dies at 71