On This Day

What Happened in November 1885

Historical Events

Catholic Encyclical

Nov 1 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei

  • Nov 3 Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes & businesses
  • Nov 6 US mint at Carson City, Nevada, directed to close
  • Nov 7 Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie
  • Nov 9 Opera "Ermine" premieres in London

Historic Event

Nov 10 German engineer Gottlieb Daimler unveils the world's first motorcycle

  • Nov 12 Montreal & Britannia Football Clubs (QRFU) defeat Ontario Combined Team (ORFU) 3-0 in CRFU Championship game
  • Nov 14 Serbia invades Bulgaria, beginning the two-week Serbo-Bulgarian War; the Serbs are later defeated decisively [O.S. November 2]
  • Nov 17 The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invades Bulgaria
  • Nov 19 Bulgarians, led by Stefan Stambolov, repulse a larger Serbian invasion force at Slivinitza
  • Nov 23 Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
  • Nov 25 Banff National Park, Canada's first national park established as Rocky Mountains Park, Alberta [1]
  • Nov 27 1st photograph of a meteor taken by Austro-Hungarian photographer Ladislaus Weinek in Prague
  • Nov 30 Opera "El Cid" premieres (Paris)

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 2 Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (Sun's position in galaxy), born in Nashville, Missouri (d. 1972)

Will Durant

Nov 5 Will Durant, American author and historian (The Story of Philosophy, The Story of Civilization), born in North Adams, Massachusetts (d. 1981)

  • Nov 6 Emiel Poetou, Flemish sculptor, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1975)
  • Nov 8 Hans Cloos, German geologist and pioneer in the study of granite tectonics (the deformation of crystalline rocks), born in Magdeburg, Germany (d. 1951)
  • Nov 8 Tomoyuki Yamashita [Yamashita Tomobumi], Imperial Japanese general dubbed "Tiger of Malaya", born in Ōtoyo, Kōchi, Japan (d. 1946)
  • Nov 8 Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (Shell-Haus in Berlin), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1966)
  • Nov 9 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, born in Tundutov, Russia (d. 1922)
  • Nov 9 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician and philosopher, born in Elmshom, Germany (d. 1955)
  • Nov 9 Theodor Kaluza, German mathematician and physicist (Kaluza–Klein theory), born in Silesia, Germany (d. 1954)
  • Nov 9 Aureliano Pertile, Italian tenor, born in Montagnana, Italy (d. 1952)
  • Nov 10 Esther Dale, American actress (Curly Top; The Egg and I; Ma and Pa Kettle films), born in Beaufort, South Carolina (d. 1961)

George S. Patton

Nov 11 George S. Patton, American WWII general (Sicily, Italy and Normandy) known as "Old Blood & Guts", born in San Gabriel, California (d. 1945)

  • Nov 13 Montague Fawcett Phillips, British composer, born in Tottenham, London (d. 1969)
  • Nov 14 Sonia Delaunay, Russian-born French artist (Orphism), born in Hradyzk, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • Nov 16 Mikiel Gonzi, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Malta (1944-76), born in Vittoriosa, Birgu, Malta (d. 1984)
  • Nov 17 Henri de Man, Belgian sociologist and politician (chairman Belgian Workers Party), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1953)
  • Nov 19 Erskine Sanford, American actor (Citizen Kane, Angel on My Shoulder), born in Trinidad, Colorado (d. 1969)
  • Nov 26 Heinrich Brüning, German politician and Chancellor of Germany (1930-32), born in Münster, Province of Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1970)
  • Nov 27 Rudolph Reti, Serbian composer, born in Užice, Kingdom of Serbia (D. 1957)

Albert Kesselring

Nov 30 Albert Kesselring, German general during World War II (Commander-in-Chief South and West), born in Marktsteft, German Empire (d. 1960)


Famous Deaths

  • Nov 8 Johannes Kneppelhout [Klikspaan], Dutch humorist and author, dies at 71

ExecutionLouis Riel

Nov 16 Louis Riel, Canadian rebel leader and "Father of Manitoba", hanged for treason at 41

  • Nov 25 Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1874-85), dies at 27
  • Nov 25 Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st Vice President of the United States (D), dies 8 months after taking office at 66
  • Nov 26 Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (ozone), dies at 71