What Happened in October 1885

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 Special delivery mail service begins in US
  • Oct 3 British Open Golf, St Andrews: Bob Martin wins his second Championship by 1 stroke from fellow Scot Archie Simpson
  • Oct 13 The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • Oct 15 Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season
  • Oct 17 Baseball sets all players salaries at $1,000-$2,000 for 1885 season
  • Oct 22 John Ward & several teammates secretly form Brotherhood of Prof Base Ball Players, 1st baseball union
  • Oct 24 Johann Strauss' operetta "Zigeunerbaron (Gypsy Baron)" premieres in Vienna
  • Oct 25 John Brahms' 4th Symphony in E premieres

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Louis Untermeyer, American poet and critic (Immortal Poems, Story Poems), born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • Oct 2 Ruth Bryan Owen, American politician (first woman appointed as a U.S. ambassador, Denmark 1933-36), born in Jacksonville, Illinois (d. 1954)
  • Oct 3 Langley Collyer, American hoarder, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1947)
  • Oct 3 Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist, born in Stockton, California (d. 1970)
  • Oct 4 Henricus Wijdefield, Dutch architect (Peace Palace)

Person of interestNiels Bohr

Oct 7 Niels Bohr, Danish physicist who expanded quantum physics (Nobel Prize 1922), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1962)

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr
  • Oct 8 Will Vodery, African-American composer, born in Philadelphia (d. 1951)
  • Oct 8 Johnny Lush, American MLB pitcher (2 no-hitters), born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania (d. 1946)
  • Oct 10 Walter Anderson, German folklorist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1962)
  • Oct 11 Alfred Haar, Hungarian mathematician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1933)
  • Oct 11 Francois Mauriac, French novelist, poet and playwright (Nobel 1952), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1970)
  • Oct 16 Dorando di Desiderio Pietri, Italian marathoner (Olympic-DQ gold-1908)
  • Oct 17 Aaf Bouber [Aaf ten Hoope], Dutch actress (Bleeke Bet, Jantjes) and wife of Herman Bouber, born in Hoorn, Noord-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1974)
  • Oct 19 Charles E. Merrill, American investment banker (Merrill Lynch), born in Green Cove Springs, Florida (d. 1956)
  • Oct 21 Egon Joseph Wellesz, Austrian composer/musicologist
  • Oct 21 Jan Altink, Dutch painter/co-founder (Ploeg)
  • Oct 22 Giovanni Martinelli, Montagnana Italy, opera singer (NY Met)
  • Oct 22 Lothar Windsperger, composer
  • Oct 23 Lawren Harris, Canadian painter (d. 1970)
  • Oct 24 Ernest Claes, Belgian author (Saints from Zichem), born in Zichem, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • Oct 27 Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter, born in Sundsvall, Sweden (d. 1948)

Person of interestEzra Pound

Oct 30 Ezra Loomis Pound, American poet (Cantos), born in Hailey, Idaho (d. 1972)


Famous Deaths

  • Oct 6 Thomas Talbot, 31st Governor of Massachusetts, dies at 67
  • Oct 10 John McCloskey, 1st American cardinal and Archbishop of New York, dies at 75
  • Oct 23 Charles S. West, American jurist and politician, dies at 56

Person of interestGeorge McClellan

Oct 29 George McClellan, Union army major general, dies of a heart attack at 58

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • Oct 29 James Hannington, English missionary, murdered in Uganda
  • Oct 30 Gustav Merkel, German organist and composer, dies at 57