What Happened in September 1885

Historical Events

  • Sep 2 In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who were struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
  • Sep 4 1st cafeteria opens (NYC)
  • Sep 5 1st gasoline pump is delivered to a gasoline dealer (Ft Wayne, Ind)
  • Sep 6 Eastern Rumelia declares its union with Bulgaria. The Unification of Bulgaria is accomplished.

Historic Event

Sep 11 Ambrose Bierce finishes as editor of The Wasp magazine

  • Sep 11 Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia
  • Sep 12 Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set
  • Sep 16 5th America's Cup: Puritan (NY Yacht Club) beats Genesta (Royal Yacht Squadron, Isle of Wight, UK) by 1:38 for 2-0 series win
  • Sep 18 Riots break out in Montreal to protest against compulsory smallpox vaccination.
  • Sep 21 Dutch demonstrate for general voting right
  • Sep 22 Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule e.g. "Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right"
  • Sep 24 Five German warships depart to Zanzibar
  • Sep 29 First practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England
  • Sep 30 Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 4 Antonio Bacci, Italian cardinal, born in Giugnola, Italy (d. 1971)
  • Sep 4 Dimitrios Loundras, Greek gymnast, born in Athens, Greece (d. 1971)
  • Sep 5 John Raedecker, Dutch sculptor (National monument on the Dam), born in Amsterdam (d. 1956)
  • Sep 6 Franz Theodor Csokor, Austrian author (Writings on the Wall), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1969)
  • Sep 6 Otto Kruger, American actor (Lux Video Theater, High Noon), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 1974)
  • Sep 10 (Theodora) "Dora" Pejačević, Croatian countess and composer (Symphony in F-sharp minor, Op. 41), born in Budapest, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1923)
  • Sep 10 Berthold Altaner, German Catholic church historian (Patrologie), and educator, born in St. Annaberg, Silesia (now Góra Świętej Anny, Poland (d. 1964)
  • Sep 10 Carl Van Doren, American literary critic and biographer ("Benjamin Franklin" - Pulitzer Prize, 1939), born in Hope, Illinois (d. 1950)
  • Sep 10 Johannes de Jong, Dutch clergyman (Roman Catholic as Archbishop of Utrecht, 1936-55), born in Nes, Ameland, Netherlands (d. 1955)

D. H. Lawrence

Sep 11 D. H. Lawrence, English poet and writer (Lady Chatterley's Lover), born in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire (d. 1930)

  • Sep 11 Herbert Stothart, American theater (Rose-Marie) and film score composer (The Wizard of Oz; Mutiny on the Bounty; A Night at the Opera), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1949)
  • Sep 13 Wilhelm Blaschke, Austrian integral geometer, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1962)
  • Sep 14 María Grever, Mexican-American composer ("What A Difference A Day Makes" / "Cuando vuelva a tu lado"), born in Guanajuato, Mexico (d. 1951)
  • Sep 14 Vittorio Gui, Italian conductor and composer (Batture d'aspetto), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1975)
  • Sep 16 Karen Horney, German-American neo-freudian psychoanalyst, born in Blankenese, Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1952)
  • Sep 17 George Cleveland, Canadian actor (Mystery Liner, Courage of Lassie), born in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1957)
  • Sep 17 Uzeyir Hajibeyov, Soviet composer who composed the anthem used by Azerbaijan during the Soviet period, born in Agjabadi, Russian Empire (d. 1948)
  • Sep 18 Muslim Magomayev, Azerbaijani-Soviet composer, born in Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russia (d. 1937)
  • Sep 21 Thomas de Hartmann, Russian composer, born in Khoruzhivka, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1956)
  • Sep 22 Ben Chifley, Australian politician and the 16th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1945-49), born in Bathurst, Colony of New South Wales, Australia (d. 1951)
  • Sep 22 Erich von Stroheim, Austrian-American film director and actor (Greed; La Grande Illusion; Sunset Boulevard), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • Sep 22 Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect (Skogskyrkogården), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1940)
  • Sep 24 Artur Lemba, Estonian concert pianist, composer (Sabina), and piano teacher (St. Petersburg Conservatory, 1908-20), born in Revel, Russian Empire (now Tallinn, Estonia) (d. 1963)
  • Sep 24 Herman Bouber, Dutch actor and playwright (Sailor's Wives), born in Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1963)
  • Sep 27 Harry Blackstone Sr., American magician, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1965)
  • Sep 28 Wilbur 'Lefty' Good, pitcher (NY Yankees, 1905)

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 13 Friedrich Kiel, Austrian composer, and mountain climber, dies at 63
  • Sep 15 Juliusz Zarębski, Polish pianist, composer, and pedagogue, dies of tuberculosis at 31
  • Sep 15 Jumbo, P. T. Barnum's circus elephant, dies after being hit by a train
  • Sep 30 Maria Gartmann, Dutch actress, dies at 60