On This Day

What Happened in August 1887

Historical Events

  • Aug 2 Chester A. Hodge of Beloit, Wisconsin, patents 'spur' barbed wire
  • Aug 10 Excursion train crashes killing 101. (Chatsworth, Illinois)

Historic Event

Aug 19 Dmitri Mendeleev makes a solo ascent by balloon to an altitude of 11,500 feet (3.5 km) above Klin, Russia to observe an eclipse

  • Aug 30 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Richard Sears wins 7th straight US singles title; beats Henry Slocum 6-1, 6-3, 6-2

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 2 Tommy Ward, South African cricket wicket-keeper (23 Tests), born in Rawalpindi, Pakistan (d. 1936)

Rupert Brooke

Aug 3 Rupert Brooke, British WW I poet (Lithuania, The Soldier), born in Rugby, England (d. 1915)

  • Aug 5 Reginald Owen, British actor (Mary Poppins, Sherlock Holmes), born in Wheathampstead, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1972)
  • Aug 6 Dudley Benjafield, British racing driver, born in Edmonton, London (d. 1957)
  • Aug 7 Jan HA Eman, Aruban politician
  • Aug 7 Charles Luckyth "Luckey" Roberts, stride pianist and composer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1968)
  • Aug 8 Esme Percy, British actor (Murder!, Pygmalion, Old Spanish Custom), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • Aug 8 J C Heldring, Dutch businessman
  • Aug 8 Malcolm Keen, British actor (The Lodger, The Manxman, The Murder Party), born in Bristol, England (d. 1970)
  • Aug 8 Ullrich Haupt, Prussian actor (Morocco, Du Barry-Woman of Passion), born in Falkenburg, Pomerania, Germany (d. 1931)
  • Aug 9 Abraham Schierbeek, Dutch biologist (Swammerdam)

Erwin Schrödinger

Aug 12 Erwin Schrodinger, Austrian physicist and Nobel Prize Laureate (wave mechanics), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1961)

  • Aug 13 Julius Freed [Fried], American namesake and co-founder of Orange Julius fast food chain, born in Montana (d. 1952)
  • Aug 14 Marija Leiko, Latvian film actress (Falscher Start), born in Riga, Russian Empire (d. 1937)
  • Aug 17 Charles I, last emperor of Austria-Hungary (1916-18)

Marcus Garvey

Aug 17 Marcus Garvey, Jamaican-born black nationalist who began the back-to-Africa movement among US African Americans, born in Saint Ann's Bay, Jamaica (d. 1940)

  • Aug 18 Nico J. Polak, Dutch economist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • Aug 23 Jo Sternheim, Dutch actor and playwright (Fatherland), born in Amsterdam (d. 1956)
  • Aug 24 Harry Hooper, American baseball player, born in Bell Station, California (d. 1974)
  • Aug 25 Olav Fartein Valen, Norwegian composer, born in Stavanger, Norway (d. 1952)
  • Aug 26 Luis Abraham Delgadillo, Nicaraguan pianist and composer (Inca Symphony), born in Managua (d. 1961)
  • Aug 27 James Finlayson, Scottish-American stage and silent and "talkie" film actor (Laurel and Hardy films), born in Larbert, Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1953)
  • Aug 28 Daniel Zamudio, Columbian organist, composer and folklorist, born in Bogata (d. 1952)
  • Aug 30 Adam Kuckhoff, German writer and resistance fighter, born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1943)
  • Aug 31 Friedrich A Paneth, Austrian-British chemist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1958)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 1 Joseph Rainey, American politician, 1st African American in US House of Representatives (1870-1879), dies at 55
  • Aug 8 Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier, dies at 79
  • Aug 14 Richard Jefferies, English naturalist and essayist, dies of tuberculosis at 38
  • Aug 17 Franz Commer, German composer, dies at 74
  • Aug 18 Orson Squire Fowler, American phrenologist and lecturer, dies at 77
  • Aug 19 Alvan Clark, American astronomer and maker of the Dearborn Observatory telescope, the largest telescope in the world at the time, dies at 83
  • Aug 20 Jules Laforgue, French poet (Les Complaintas), dies at 27
  • Aug 27 Wilhelm Volkmar, German composer, dies at 74