On This Day

What Happened in August 1888

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 The roof of Seville's cathedral collapses after an earthquake
  • Aug 7 Theophilus Van Kannel of Philadelphia patents revolving door

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Aug 10 NY Giant pitcher Tim Keefe sets a 19 game winning streak record

Major League Baseball Pitcher Tim Keefe
Major League Baseball Pitcher
Tim Keefe
  • Aug 11 California Theatre closed (now a Pac Tel Phone Store)

InventionHistoric Invention

Aug 12 Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes 1st motor tour

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • Aug 20 Longest US men's single tennis tournament match Palmer Presbrey defeats T S Tailer, 19-21, 8-6, 6-1, 6-4, an 80 game 1st-round contest
  • Aug 21 American inventor William Seward Burroughs patents the adding machine
  • Aug 28 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Henry Slocum beats Howard Taylor 6-4, 6-1, 6-0
  • Aug 30 Lord Walsingham kills 1,070 grouse in a single day

MurderMurder of Interest

Aug 31 The body of Jack the Ripper's first victim, Mary Ann Nichols, is found in Whitechapel in London's East End

First Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann Nichols
First Victim of Jack the Ripper
Mary Ann Nichols

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Vito Frazzi, Italian composer, born in San Secondo Parmense (d. 1975)
  • Aug 2 Oscar Rasbach, American composer, born in Dayton, Kentucky (d. 1975)
  • Aug 4 Philip Greeley Clapp, composer
  • Aug 4 Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Bohra Spiritual Leader, born in Surat, India (d. 1965)
  • Aug 5 Victor Francen, Belgian actor (J'Acusse, San Antonio), born in Tienen, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1977)
  • Aug 6 Heinrich Schlusnus, German baritone, born in Braubach (d. 1952)
  • Aug 9 Hans Oster, German major general, spy and "July 20th" plotter, born in Dresden, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Aug 11 Owen Nares [Ramsay], British actor and manager (Maiden Erleigh), born in Maiden Erlegh, Berks, England (d. 1943)
  • Aug 12 Willem Vogt, Dutch radio pioneer/founder (AVRO)
  • Aug 13 Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor, born in Smolensk, Russia (d. 1975)

Person of interestJohn Logie Baird

Aug 14 John Logie Baird, Scottish inventor and father of the television, born in Helensburgh, Scotland (d. 1946)

Inventor of Television John Logie Baird
Inventor of Television
John Logie Baird
  • Aug 15 Albert Spalding, American violinist and composer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1953)

Person of interestT. E. Lawrence

Aug 16 T. E. Lawrence [Lawrence of Arabia], British author, soldier and diplomat famous for his liaison role in Arabia during WWI, born in Tremadog, Caernarfonshire, Wales (d. 1935)

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • Aug 16 Armand J. Piron, American jazz violinist and composer, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1943)
  • Aug 17 Monty Wooley, American actor (Pied Piper, The Man Who Came to Dinner), born in NYC, New York (d. 1963)
  • Aug 20 George Sklavos, Greek composer, born in Brailov, Romania (d. 1976)
  • Aug 22 Violet Farebrother, English actress (Downhill, Easy Virtue), born in Grimsby, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1969)
  • Aug 31 Ramon de Basterra, Spanish writer and diplomat (La Obra de Trajano), born in Bilbao, Spain (d. 1928)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 8 Friedrich Wilhelm Jahns, composer, dies at 79
  • Aug 9 Charles Cros, French inventor and poet (Le Hareng Saur), dies at 45
  • Aug 9 Isaac Strauss, French violinist, conductor and composer, dies at 82

Person of interestCharles Crocker

Aug 14 Charles Crocker, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Railroad), dies at 65

Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive Charles Crocker
Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive
Charles Crocker
  • Aug 15 Carter L. Stevenson, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 70

Person of interestJohn Pemberton

Aug 16 John Pemberton, American pharmacist (inventor of Coca-Cola), dies of stomach cancer at 55

Pharmacist John Pemberton
Pharmacist
John Pemberton
  • Aug 17 James Jameson, British nature investigator (Congo), dies
  • Aug 19 Spencer F Baird, US biologist (Wood's Hole Station), dies at 65
  • Aug 21 Simon Vissering, Dutch minister of Finance (1879-81), dies at 70
  • Aug 24 Rudolph J E Clausius, German physicist (thermodynamics), dies

MurderMary Ann Nichols

Aug 31 Mary Ann Nichols, a 42-year-old prostitute found stabbed to death in London, 1st of at least five murders by Jack the Ripper

First Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann Nichols
First Victim of Jack the Ripper
Mary Ann Nichols