On This Day

What Happened in October 1888

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 National Geographic magazine publishes for the 1st time
  • Oct 3 New Zealand Natives, a privately organised and mainly Māori rugby team, plays first game in UK; beats Surry 4-1; first national rugby team to wear all-black & perform the 'haka'

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 Explorer Fridtjof Nansen and his team complete first known crossing of Greenland interior, arriving in Godthaab

Arctic Explorer and Diplomat Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic Explorer and Diplomat
Fridtjof Nansen
  • Oct 8 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Scotsman Jack Burns wins his lone Open title by 1 stroke from Ben Sayers and David Anderson Jr
  • Oct 9 Washington Monument opens for public admittance
  • Oct 10 Teatotalers excursion train crushed, killing 64 at Mud Run, Pennsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 15 German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche decides to write his autobiography "Ecce Homo" on his 44th birthday

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche

InventionHistoric Invention

Oct 17 Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Oct 19 Moshav Gederah is attacked by Arabs
  • Oct 20 Chicago & All America baseball teams play exhibition in Auckland, NZ
  • Oct 23 Pelham Bay Park in Bronx vested
  • Oct 27 "World Championship" Baseball Series, Sportsman's Park, St. Louis; St. Louis Browns rout NY Giants, 18-7 in Game 10 but lose series, 6-4

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 Lord Salisbury grants Cecil Rhodes charter for British South Africa Company

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • Oct 30 John J Loud patents ballpoint pen
  • Oct 30 Ndebele-king Lobengula grants Cecil Rhodes, Mashonaland £100 per month
  • Oct 31 Scottish vet John Boyd Dunlop patents pneumatic bicycle tyre

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 3 Claud Allister, British actor (Kiss Me Kate, Quartet, Bulldog Drummond), born in London, England (d. 1970)
  • Oct 3 Roy Webb, American film score composer (films of Val Lewton), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1982)
  • Oct 4 Oscar Mathisen, Norwegian speed skater (5-time World Champion all-round), born in Kristiania, Norway (d. 1954)
  • Oct 6 Li Ta-chao, co-founder with Mao Zedong (Chinese Communist Party)
  • Oct 6 Max Butting, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1976)
  • Oct 6 Roland Garros, French pilot (d. 1918)
  • Oct 7 Henry A Wallace, (D/P) 33rd VP (1941-45)/founder Progressive Party
  • Oct 8 Clifford Heatherley, British actor (Who Killed Doc Robin?), born in Preston, Lancashire, England (d. 1937)
  • Oct 9 Hank Patterson, American actor (Gunsmoke, Fred Ziffel-Green Acres), born in Springville, Alabama (d. 1975)
  • Oct 9 Irving Cummings Sr., American silent screen actor and director (Curly Top), born in NYC, New York (d. 1959)
  • Oct 9 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1938)
  • Oct 11 Piero Coppola, Italian pianist and composer, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1971)
  • Oct 14 Ernest Pingoud, Finnish composer, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1942)

Person of interestKatherine Mansfield

Oct 14 Katherine Mansfield (Katherine Mansfield Beauchamp Murry), New Zealand short story writer (The Garden Party), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 1923)

Short story writer Katherine Mansfield
Short story writer
Katherine Mansfield
  • Oct 15 S.S. Van Dine [pseudonym for William Huntingdon Wright], American art critic and crime writer (Philo Vance), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1939)

Person of interestEugene O'Neill

Oct 16 Eugene O'Neill, American playwright (Desire Under the Elms-Nobel 1936), born in NYC, New York (d. 1953)

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill
  • Oct 16 Paul Popenoe, American activist (d. 1979)
  • Oct 23 Onésime Gagnon, Canadian politician (d. 1961)
  • Oct 25 François Pauwels, Dutch writer and attorney, born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)

Person of interestRichard E. Byrd

Oct 25 Richard E. Byrd, American aviator and polar explorer (1st to reach both the North Pole and South Pole by air - disputed), born in Winchester, Virginia (d. 1957)

Aviator and Polar Explorer Richard E. Byrd
Aviator and Polar Explorer
Richard E. Byrd
  • Oct 25 Nils Dardel, Swedish post-impressionist painter, born in Bettna, Södermanland, Sweden (d. 1943)
  • Oct 26 Runar Schildt, Finnish writer (Segrande Eros), born in Helsinki (d. 1925)
  • Oct 26 Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader, born in Hulai-Pole, Russian Empire (d. 1934)
  • Oct 30 Konstantinos Tsiklitiras, Greek athlete (Olympic gold standing long jump, bronze high jump 1912, 2 silver 1908), born in Pylos, Greece (d. 1913)
  • Oct 31 George Hubert Wilkins, Australian polar explorer (Flying the Arctic), born in Hallett, Australia (d. 1958)
  • Oct 31 Harold Vincent Milligan, American musician and composer, born in Astoria, Oregon (d. 1951)
  • Oct 31 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet, born in Athens, Greece (d. 1944)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 3 Tom King, English boxer, rower and bookmaker (English heavyweight champion), dies of bronchitus at 53
  • Oct 8 Jules J baron d'Anethan, Belgian Minister of Justice, dies at 85
  • Oct 16 John Wentworth, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1815)
  • Oct 19 Amaat Vyncke, Flemish missionary/founder (Flemish Wind), dies at 38