On This Day

What Happened in April 1889

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)
  • Apr 3 Savings Bank of Order of True Reformers opens in Richmond, Virginia

Film & TV History

Apr 6 George Eastman begins selling his Kodak flexible rolled film for the first time

  • Apr 22 A 1.9 million-acre tract of Indian Territory for white colonial settlement in Oklahoma officially starts at 12pm
  • Apr 30 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington's inauguration

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 3 Grigoras Dinicu, Romanian violin virtuoso and composer, born in Bucharest, Kingdom of Romania (d. 1949)
  • Apr 6 Barry Macollum, Irish actor (The Trouble With Harry), born in Ireland (d. 1971)

Gabriela Mistral

Apr 7 Gabriela Mistral [Lucila Godoy Alcayaga], Chilean poet (Nobel Prize for Literature, 1945), educator, and diplomat, born in Vicuña, Chile (d. 1957)

  • Apr 8 Adrian Boult, British conductor (BBC Symphony Orchestra, 1930-50; London Philharmonic, 1950-59), born in Chester, England (d. 1983)
  • Apr 11 Nick LaRocca, American jazz coronetist and composer ("Tiger Rag"), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1961)
  • Apr 13 Herbert Yardley, American cryptologist, born in Worthington, Indiana (d. 1958)

Arnold J. Toynbee

Apr 14 Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (A Study of History), born in London (d. 1975)

  • Apr 14 Efim Bogoljubov, Russian-German chess player, born in Stanislavchyk, Tarashcha Uyezd, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1952)
  • Apr 14 James Stephenson, British actor (Letter, Espionage Agent, Nancy Drew), born in Selby, Yorkshire, England (d. 1941)
  • Apr 15 A. Philip Randolph, American labor leader (Railroad Porter's Union), born in Crescent City, Florida (d. 1979)
  • Apr 15 Thomas Hart Benton, American painter and muralist (Lonesome Road), born in Neosho, Missouri (d. 1975)

Charlie Chaplin

Apr 16 Charlie Chaplin, British actor and comedian (City Lights, Gold Rush), born in London, England (d. 1977)

  • Apr 18 Jessie Street, Australian suffragette and aboriginal rights fighter, born in Ranchi, Bihar, Bengal Presidency, British Raj (d. 1970)
  • Apr 18 John Kilbane, American featherweight boxing champ (world title held 1912-23), born in Cleveland, Ohio (. 1957)
  • Apr 19 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (Reich Minister of Justice 1942-45), born in Wurzen, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire (d. 1946)

Adolf Hitler

Apr 20 Adolf Hitler, Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45), born in Gasthof zum Pommer, Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)

  • Apr 20 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist, born in Milas, Turkey (d. 1996)
  • Apr 21 Efrem Zimbalist Sr, Russian-American violinist, composer, and educator (Curtis Institute, 1928-68), born in Rostov on Don, Russia (d. 1985)
  • Apr 21 Paul Karrer, Swiss organic chemist (Nobel 1937), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1971)
  • Apr 22 Ludwig Renn, German writer, born in Dresden (d. 1979)
  • Apr 22 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator, born in Odenkirchen, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Apr 23 Charles Warrell, English schoolteacher and creator of the I-Spy books, born in Farmborough, Somerset (d. 1995)
  • Apr 24 Stafford Cripps, British Labour politician, born in London (d. 1952)
  • Apr 24 Lyubov Popova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, born in Ivanovskoe, Moscow (d. 1924)
  • Apr 25 Charles Kelleway, Australian cricket all-rounder (26 Tests, 3 x 100s, 52 wickets, 24 catches), born in Lismore, Australia (d. 1944)
  • Apr 26 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian English philosopher (Philosophical Investigations), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1951)

António de Oliveira Salazar

Apr 28 António de Oliveira Salazar, Dictator of Portugal (1932-68) who founded and controlled the Estado Novo (New State), born in Vimieiro, Santa Comba Dão, Portugal (d. 1970)

  • Apr 28 Bryant Washburn, American actor (Exposure, Millionaire Kid, Nabonga), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1963)
  • Apr 28 Karel Doorman, Dutch rear admiral (Java Sea), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1942)
  • Apr 30 Acario Cotapos, Chilean composer, born in Valdivia, Chile (d. 1969)
  • Apr 30 Rudolph Simonsen, Danish composer (Olympic Arts bronze, 1928 - Symphony No. 2 (Hellas)), and educator (Royal Danish Academy, 1916-47), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1947)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 4 Thomas T H Jorissen, historian, dies at 56
  • Apr 6 Frederick Ouseley, British organist, composer (The Martyrdom of St Polycarp), musicologist, and Anglican priest, dies at 63
  • Apr 8 Harry Jupp, English cricketer (scored 63 on Test debut for England in 1877), dies at 47
  • Apr 9 Michel Eugène Chevreul, French chemist (b. 1786)
  • Apr 15 Father Damien, Belgian missionary, dies at 49
  • Apr 19 Warren De La Rue, astronomer/chemist, dies
  • Apr 23 Jules-Amédée Barbey d’Aurevilly, French writer and critic, dies at 80