On This Day

What Happened in March 1889

Historical Events

  • Mar 2 Kansas passes 1st US antitrust law
  • Mar 3 US President Harrison announced the government would open the 1.9 million-acre tract of Indian Territory for settlement precisely at noon on April 22

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

Mar 4 Benjamin Harrison inaugurated as 23rd US President

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • Mar 9 Battle at Gallabat (Metema): Mahdi's beat Abyssinian emperor John IV
  • Mar 9 Kansas passes 1st general antitrust law in US
  • Mar 12 Battle at Metema (Gallabad): Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated
  • Mar 12 Start of South Africa's 1st Test, v England, Port Elizabeth
  • Mar 14 August Strindberg's "Froken Julie" premieres in Copenhagen
  • Mar 15 6 US & German warships sunk by a typhoon in Apia harbour, Samoa, 200 die
  • Mar 23 The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London
  • Mar 23 The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian, India
  • Mar 25 1st Test Cricket match played at Newlands, Cape Town v England
  • Mar 26 Bernard Tancred carries bat for 26* out of 47! South Africa v England
  • Mar 26 Johnny Briggs took 15-26 (7-17 & 8-11) v South Africa at Newlands
  • Mar 26 South Africa all out 47, then follow-on all out 43 v England
  • Mar 29 51st Grand National: Jockey Tommy Beasley wins his third GN aboard Irish 2-time runner-up Frigate at 8/1

FranceEiffel Tower Opens

Mar 31 Eiffel Tower officially opens in Paris. Built for the Exposition Universelle, at 300m high it retains the record for the tallest man made structure for 41 years.
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The Eiffel Tower on opening day in Paris
The Eiffel Tower on opening day in Paris

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)
  • Mar 3 Fritz Behrend, composer
  • Mar 4 Pearl White [Victoria], American actress and stunt woman (Perils of Pauline), born in Green Ridge, Missouri (d. 1938)
  • Mar 4 Oscar Chisini, Italian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • Mar 4 Oren E. Long, 10th Territorial Governor of Hawai'i (d. 1965)
  • Mar 5 Frits Slomp, [Frits de Rover], Dutch vicar/resistance fighter
  • Mar 8 Oscar Ewing, US government official (Everybody's Business), born in Greensburg, Indiana (d. 1980)
  • Mar 12 Philip Guedalla, English barrister & historian
  • Mar 12 Þórbergur Þórðarson, Icelandic author (d. 1974)
  • Mar 16 Reggie Walker, South African athlete (Olympic gold 100m 1908), born in Durban, South Africa (d. 1951)
  • Mar 18 F Rijkens, oldest living person in Netherlands
  • Mar 19 Manoel II, last king of Portugal (1908-10)
  • Mar 21 Otto Forst de Battaglia, Austrian diplomat and genealogist, born in Vienna (d. 1965)
  • Mar 24 Albert Hill, British athlete (d. 1969)
  • Mar 26 Václav Kaprál, Czech composer, pianist, and pedagogue, born in Určice (d. 1947)
  • Mar 27 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1974)
  • Mar 29 Howard Lindsay, American playwright, actor and director (State of the Union), born in Waterford, New York (d. 1968)

Person of interestWarner Baxter

Mar 29 Warner Baxter, American actor (In Old Arizona, Cisco Kid), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1951)


Famous Deaths

  • Mar 3 Edward Sydney Smith, composer, dies at 49

Person of interestJohn Ericsson

Mar 8 John Ericsson, Swedish-American inventor (screw propeller, rotating turret), dies at 85

Mechanical Inventor John Ericsson
Mechanical Inventor
John Ericsson
  • Mar 10 Yohannes IV, [Kasa], Emperor of Ethiopia (1872-89), dies in battle
  • Mar 12 John Archibald Campbell, American jurist and Supreme Court justice (1853–61), dies at 77
  • Mar 15 Melville Reuben Bissell, American inventor of the carpet sweeper, dies of pneumonia at 45
  • Mar 17 Joseph Alberdingk Thijm, Dutch poet (Dietsche Warande), dies at 68
  • Mar 18 William Henry Monk, composer, dies at 66
  • Mar 27 Moritz Fürstenau, German composer, dies at 64
  • Mar 27 John Bright, English reform politician and anti0war advocate, dies at 77
  • Mar 28 Matilde "Tillie" Ziegler, killed by husband William Kemmler