On This Day

What Happened in March 1890

Historical Events


Book releaseHistoric Publication

Mar 1 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes' first story "A Study in Scarlet" by Arthur Conan Doyle published

  • Mar 2 Norwegian speed skater Oskar Fredriksen sets inaugural 5,000m world record of 9:19.8 in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Mar 4 The longest bridge in the Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) (1,710 ft) in Scotland is opened by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII.
  • Mar 18 1st US state naval militia organized (Massachusetts)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck resigns after 19 years after disagreement with German Emperor Wilhelm II

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Mar 20 General Federation of Womens' Clubs founded
  • Mar 21 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
  • Mar 27 A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
  • Mar 28 52nd Grand National: Arthur Nightingall wins aboard 4/1 favourite Ilex

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Jan Duiker, Dutch architect (Zonnestral)
  • Mar 3 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), born in Gravenhurst, Ontario (d. 1939)
  • Mar 6 Fernand Ansseau, Belgian operator/theory (Orfeo)
  • Mar 8 Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist and philosopher, born in Trier, Germany (d. 1991)

Person of interestVyacheslav Molotov

Mar 9 Vyacheslav Molotov [Skryabin], Russian politician (Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1939-49, 1953-6), born in Kukarka, Russian Empire (d. 1986)

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • Mar 11 Vannevar Bush, developed 1st electronic analogue computer
  • Mar 12 A Evert Taube, Swedish writer/troubadour
  • Mar 12 Vaslav Nijinsky, Ukrainian/US ballet dancer (Petroesjka) [OS=Feb 28]
  • Mar 12 William Dudley Pelley, American leader of the Silver Legion (d. 1965)
  • Mar 13 Michael Taube, Polish composer, born in Lodz, Poland (1972)
  • Mar 13 Fritz Busch, German conductor, born in Siegen, Province of Westphalia (d. 1951)
  • Mar 16 Solomon Mikhoels, Soviet actor and chairman of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee (d. 1948)
  • Mar 17 Harold Morris, composer
  • Mar 18 Gerardus van der Leeuw, Dutch religion historian/minister of Education
  • Mar 20 Lauritz Melchior, Copenhagen Denmark, baritone tenor (National Symphony)
  • Mar 24 John Rock, American obstetrician and gynecologist who co-developed the 1st birth control pill, born in Marlborough, Massachusetts (d. 1984)
  • Mar 25 Marten Baersma, [MH Bottema], Friesan author (De ljochte kimen)
  • Mar 26 Jozef Arras, Flemish writer
  • Mar 28 Paul Whiteman "The King of Jazz", American orchestra leader (George Gershwin's "Rhapsody In Blue"), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1967)
  • Mar 29 Harold Spencer Jones, English astronomer and 10th astronomer royal of England whose work led to a more accurate determination of the distance between the Earth and the Sun, born in London (d. 1960)
  • Mar 31 William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 13 Henry Wylde, English composer and conductor, dies at 67
  • Mar 16 Zorka of Montenegro, Princess of Serbia (b. 1864)
  • Mar 20 Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer, dies at 65
  • Mar 22 Désiré de Haerne, Belgian Catholic priest and Congressional leader, dies at 85