On This Day

What Happened in March 1890

Historical Events

Historic Publication

Mar 1 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes' first story "A Study in Scarlet" by Arthur Conan Doyle published

  • Mar 2 Norwegian speed skater Oskar Fredriksen sets inaugural 5,000m world record of 9:19.8 in Stockholm, Sweden

Historic Event

Mar 4 Longest bridge in Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) at 1,710 ft in length is opened in Scotland by the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII

  • Mar 18 1st US state naval militia organized (Massachusetts)

Historic Event

Mar 18 German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck resigns after 19 years after disagreement with German Emperor Wilhelm II

  • Mar 20 General Federation of Women's Clubs founded in the United States
  • Mar 21 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
  • Mar 27 A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
  • Mar 28 52nd Grand National: Arthur Nightingall wins aboard 4/1 favourite Ilex

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Jan Duiker, Dutch architect (Zonnestral)
  • Mar 2 Oscar Egg, Swiss track and road bicycle racer (3 x world hour record), born in Schlatt, Switzerland (d. 1961)
  • Mar 3 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), born in Gravenhurst, Ontario (d. 1939)
  • Mar 6 Fernand Ansseau, Belgian operator/theory (Orfeo)
  • Mar 8 Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist and philosopher, born in Trier, Germany (d. 1991)

Vyacheslav Molotov

Mar 9 Vyacheslav Molotov [Skryabin], Russian politician (Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1939-49, 1953-6), born in Kukarka, Russian Empire (d. 1986)

  • Mar 11 Vannevar Bush, developed 1st electronic analogue computer
  • Mar 12 A Evert Taube, Swedish writer/troubadour
  • Mar 12 Vaslav Nijinsky, Ukrainian/US ballet dancer (Petroesjka) [OS=Feb 28]
  • Mar 12 William Dudley Pelley, American leader of the Silver Legion (d. 1965)
  • Mar 13 Michael Taube, Polish composer, born in Lodz, Poland (1972)
  • Mar 13 Fritz Busch, German conductor, born in Siegen, Province of Westphalia (d. 1951)
  • Mar 16 Solomon Mikhoels, Soviet actor and chairman of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee (d. 1948)
  • Mar 17 Harold Morris, American composer, born in San Antonio Texas (d. 1964)
  • Mar 18 Gerardus van der Leeuw, Dutch religion historian/minister of Education
  • Mar 20 Lauritz Melchior, Danish-American baritone tenor (National Symphony), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1973)
  • Mar 24 John Rock, American obstetrician and gynecologist who co-developed the 1st birth control pill, born in Marlborough, Massachusetts (d. 1984)
  • Mar 25 Marten Baersma [MH Bottema], Friesan author (De ljochte kimen)
  • Mar 26 Jozef Arras, Flemish writer, born in Lier (d. 1919)
  • Mar 28 Paul Whiteman "The King of Jazz", American orchestra leader (George Gershwin's "Rhapsody In Blue"), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1967)
  • Mar 29 Harold Spencer Jones, English astronomer and 10th astronomer royal of England whose work led to a more accurate determination of the distance between the Earth and the Sun, born in London (d. 1960)
  • Mar 31 William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 13 Henry Wylde, English composer and conductor, dies at 67
  • Mar 16 Zorka of Montenegro, Princess of Serbia (b. 1864)
  • Mar 20 Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer, dies at 65
  • Mar 22 Désiré de Haerne, Belgian Catholic priest and Congressional leader, dies at 85