What Happened in January 1891

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
  • Jan 1 King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies

Historic Event

Jan 26 Oscar Wilde's "Duchess of Padua" premieres in NYC

  • Jan 27 Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania
  • Jan 29 Liliuokalani is proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch
  • Jan 31 The first attempt of a Portuguese republican revolution breakes out in the northern city of Porto

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Frank Pettingell, English actor (Gaslight, Goose Steps Out), born in Liverpool (d. 1966)
  • Jan 3 Osip E Mandelstam, Polish/Russian poet/author (Kamenj) [NS=Jan 15]
  • Jan 4 Bryn Lewis, Welsh rugby union winger (2 caps; Newport, Cambridge University), born in Pontardawe, Wales (d. 1917)
  • Jan 4 Edward Brooker, British politician (interim Premier of Tasmania, Dec 1947-Feb 1948), born in London England (d. 1948)
  • Jan 6 Ted McDonald, Australian cricket fast bowler (11 Tests, 43 wickets, BB 5/32; Tasmania, Victoria, Lancashire CCC), born in Launceston, Australia (d. 1937)
  • Jan 7 Zora Neale Hurston, American writer (Their Eyes Were Watching God), born in Notasulga, Alabama (d. 1960)
  • Jan 8 Alexander Gray, American actor (Sally, This is Music), born in Wrightsville, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)
  • Jan 8 Bronislava Nijinska, ballet choreographer
  • Jan 8 Storm Jameson, English writer (d. 1986)
  • Jan 8 Walter Bothe, German subatomic particle physicist (Nobel 1954)
  • Jan 9 August Gailit, Estonia, writer (Ekke Moor)
  • Jan 10 Jos Speybrouck, Belgian drawer, born in Kortrijk, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • Jan 15 Osip Mandelstam, Russian poet (Noise of Time), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1938)
  • Jan 15 Ray Chapman, American baseball player (Cleveland Indians) and only MLB player to die from an injury received during a MLB game, born in Beaver Dam, Kentucky (d. 1920)
  • Jan 17 Marjorie Gateson, American actress (One Man's Family), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1977)
  • Jan 17 Norman "Squab" Read, American aviator who lived to be 101
  • Jan 17 Walter Eucken, German economist
  • Jan 20 Mischa Elman, Russian-American concert violinist, born in Talnoye, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (now Talne, Ukraine (d. 1967)
  • Jan 21 Francisco Lazaro, Portuguese runner
  • Jan 21 Nikolay Semyonovich Golovanov, composer
  • Jan 21 Timothy Mather Spelman, American composer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1970)
  • Jan 22 Franz Alexander, Hungarian/US psycho analytical
  • Jan 22 Moïse Kisling, Polish-French painter (La Souris Boiteuse), born in Kraków, Grand Duchy of Cracow, Austria-Hungary (d. 1953)

Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci (1891-1937)

Jan 23 Italian philosopher and Marxist theorist, born in Ales, Sardinia, Italy

  • Jan 23 Jüri Lossmann, Estonian athlete (Olympic silver marathon 1920), born in Kabala, Estonia (d. 1984)
  • Jan 24 Walter Model, German field marshal
  • Jan 25 Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies, British actress (The Devil Rides Out), born in London, England (d. 1992)
  • Jan 25 William Christian Bullitt Jr., 1st US ambassador to USSR, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)

Frank CostelloFrank Costello (1891-1973)

Jan 26 Italian-American gangster (The Prime Minister of the Underworld), born in Lauropoli, Calabria, Italy

  • Jan 26 Ilya G Ehrenburg, writer (Fall of Paris, The Thaw), born in Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Jan 26 Wilder Penfield, American-born Canadian neurosurgeon (d. 1976)
  • Jan 27 Ilja Ehrenburg, writer
  • Jan 28 Bill Doak, American baseball pitcher (NL ERA leader 1914, 21; St. Louis Cardinals), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1954)
  • Jan 28 Camille Melloy [Paepe], Belgian poet (Parfum des Buis)
  • Jan 28 Karel Boleslav Jirak, Czech composer and pedagogue, born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1972)

R. Norris WilliamsR. Norris Williams (1891-1968)

Jan 29 American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1914, 16) who survived the sinking of the RMS Titanic, born in Geneva, Switzerland

  • Jan 31 Max Drischner, composer

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 4 Antoine Labelle, Quebec catholic priest (b. 1833)
  • Jan 4 Joe Hunter, English cricket wicket-keeper (5 Tests, 11 dismissals; Yorkshire CCC), dies at 35
  • Jan 5 Emma Abbott, American soprano, dies at 40
  • Jan 5 Guillaume L Baud, Dutch minister of Colonies (1848-49), dies at 89
  • Jan 7 (Carl Gottfried) Wilhelm Taubert, German pianist, conductor, and composer, dies at 79
  • Jan 8 Fredrik Pacius, composer, dies at 81
  • Jan 10 Laza Lazarević, Serbian writer (Prvi put s ocem na jutrenje) and psychiatrist, dies at 39
  • Jan 11 Georges-Eugene, Baron Haussmann, French administrator and architect, dies at 81
  • Jan 16 Clement Léo Delibes, French romantic composer (Coppélia, Sylvia, Le roi l'a dit, Lakmé), dies at 54

George BancroftGeorge Bancroft (1800-1891)

Jan 17 American historian (History of the United States), dies at 90

  • Jan 17 Johannes Verhulst, Dutch composer and conductor, dies at 74
  • Jan 20 David Kalākaua, King of the Hawaiian Islands (1874-91), dies at 54
  • Jan 21 Calixa Lavallee, Canadian composer (O Canada), dies at 48
  • Jan 23 Prince Baudouin of Belgium, Count of Flanders, dies at 21
  • Jan 26 Nikolaus Otto, German auto pioneer (internal combustion engine), dies. (b. 1833)
  • Jan 31 Ernest Meissonier, French painter/etcher/sculptor, dies at 75