On This Day

What Happened in January 1891

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
  • Jan 1 King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Oscar Wilde's "Duchess of Padua" premieres in NYC

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • Jan 27 Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania
  • Jan 29 Liliuokalani is proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch
  • Jan 31 The first attempt of a Portuguese republican revolution breakes out in the northern city of Porto

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Frank Pettingell, English actor (Gaslight, Goose Steps Out), born in Liverpool (d. 1966)
  • Jan 3 Osip E Mandelstam, Polish/Russian poet/author (Kamenj) [NS=Jan 15]
  • Jan 4 Edward Brooker, Premier of Tasmania (d. 1948)
  • Jan 4 Bryn Lewis, Welsh rugby union winger (2 caps; Newport, Cambridge University), born in Pontardawe, Wales (d. 1917)
  • Jan 6 Ted McDonald, Australian cricketer (great Australian quick of 20's), born in Launceston, Australia (d. 1937)
  • Jan 7 Zora Neale Hurston, Notasulga Alabama, American writer
  • Jan 8 Bronislava Nijinska, ballet choreographer
  • Jan 8 Walter Bothe, German subatomic particle physicist (Nobel 1954)
  • Jan 8 Alexander Gray, American actor (Sally, This is Music), born in Wrightsville, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)
  • Jan 8 Storm Jameson, English writer (d. 1986)
  • Jan 9 August Gailit, Estonia, writer (Ekke Moor)
  • Jan 10 Jos Speybrouck, Belgian drawer, born in Kortrijk, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • Jan 15 Osip Mandelstam, Russian poet (Noise of Time), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1938)
  • Jan 15 Ray Chapman, American baseball player (Cleveland Indians) and only MLB player to die from an injury received during a MLB game, born in Beaver Dam, Kentucky (d. 1920)
  • Jan 17 Marjorie Gateson, American actress (One Man's Family), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1977)
  • Jan 17 Norman "Squab" Read, American aviator who lived to be 101
  • Jan 17 Walter Eucken, German economist
  • Jan 20 Mischa Elman, Russian-American concert violinist, born in Talnoye, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (now Talne, Ukraine (d. 1967)
  • Jan 21 Francisco Lazaro, Portuguese runner
  • Jan 21 Nikolay Semyonovich Golovanov, composer
  • Jan 21 Timothy Mather Spelman, American composer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1970)
  • Jan 22 Franz Alexander, Hungarian/US psycho analytical
  • Jan 22 Moïse Kisling, Polish-French painter (La Souris Boiteuse), born in Kraków, Grand Duchy of Cracow, Austria-Hungary (d. 1953)

Person of interestAntonio Gramsci

Jan 23 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher & Marxist theorist, born in Ales, Sardinia, Italy (d. 1937)

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • Jan 23 Jüri Lossmann, Estonian athlete (Olympic silver marathon 1920), born in Kabala, Estonia (d. 1984)
  • Jan 24 Walter Model, German field marshal
  • Jan 25 Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies, British actress (The Devil Rides Out), born in London, England (d. 1992)
  • Jan 25 William Christian Bullitt Jr., 1st US ambassador to USSR, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)
  • Jan 26 Ilya G Ehrenburg, writer (Fall of Paris, The Thaw), born in Kiev, Ukraine

Person of interestFrank Costello

Jan 26 Frank Costello, Italian-American gangster (The Prime Minister of the Underworld), born in Lauropoli, Calabria, Italy (d. 1973)

Gangster Frank Costello
Frank Costello
  • Jan 26 Wilder Penfield, American-born Canadian neurosurgeon (d. 1976)
  • Jan 27 Ilja Ehrenburg, writer
  • Jan 28 Camille Melloy [Paepe], Belgian poet (Parfum des Buis)
  • Jan 28 Karel Boleslav Jirak, Czech composer and pedagogue, born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1972)
  • Jan 28 Bill Doak, American baseball pitcher (NL ERA leader 1914, 21; St. Louis Cardinals), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1954)
  • Jan 29 R. Norris Williams, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1914, 16) who survived the sinking of the RMS Titanic, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1968)
  • Jan 31 Max Drischner, composer

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 4 Joe Hunter, English cricket wicket-keeper (5 Tests, 11 dismissals; Yorkshire CCC), dies at 35
  • Jan 4 Antoine Labelle, Quebec catholic priest (b. 1833)
  • Jan 5 Guillaume L Baud, Dutch minister of Colonies (1848-49), dies at 89
  • Jan 5 Emma Abbott, American soprano, dies at 40
  • Jan 7 (Carl Gottfried) Wilhelm Taubert, German pianist, conductor, and composer, dies at 79
  • Jan 8 Fredrik Pacius, composer, dies at 81
  • Jan 10 Laza Lazarević, Serbian writer (Prvi put s ocem na jutrenje) and psychiatrist, dies at 39
  • Jan 11 Georges-Eugene, Baron Haussmann, French administrator and architect, dies at 81
  • Jan 16 Clement Léo Delibes, French romantic composer (Coppélia, Sylvia, Le roi l'a dit, Lakmé), dies at 54
  • Jan 17 Johannes Josephus Hermanus Verhulst, composer, dies at 74

Person of interestGeorge Bancroft

Jan 17 George Bancroft, American historian and father of U.S. History, dies at 90

Father of U.S. History George Bancroft
Father of U.S. History
George Bancroft
  • Jan 20 David Kalākaua, King of the Hawaiian Islands (1874-91), dies at 54
  • Jan 21 Calixa Lavallee, Canadian composer (O Canada), dies at 48
  • Jan 23 Prince Baudouin of Belgium, Count of Flaanders, dies at 21
  • Jan 26 Nikolaus Otto, German auto pioneer (internal combustion engine), dies. (b. 1833)
  • Jan 31 Ernest Meissonier, French painter/etcher/sculptor, dies at 75