On This Day

What Happened in March 1891

Historical Events

  • Mar 3 US Congress creates Courts of Appeal
  • Mar 3 US Congress creates Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Dept)
  • Mar 3 The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season.

UKGreat Blizzard of 1891

Mar 9 Great Blizzard of 1891 begins in England and lasts until March 13; Kills 200 people and 6,000 animals
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A train derailed  in England due to the ferocious snowstorm of 1891
A train derailed in England due to the ferocious snowstorm of 1891
  • Mar 10 Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching
  • Mar 17 British Steamer "Utopia" sinks off Gibraltar killing 574
  • Mar 18 Britain is linked to the continent by Telephone
  • Mar 20 53rd Grand National: Irish jockey, trainer Harry Beasley wins aboard 4/1 Come Away
  • Mar 28 1st world weightlifting championship won by Edward Lawrence in London, England

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 3 Federico Moreno Torroba, composer
  • Mar 3 Jan Donner, Dutch minister of Justice/president High Council
  • Mar 4 Dazzy Vance, hall of fame pitcher (led NL in strike-outs 7-yrs)
  • Mar 4 Lois Wilson, American actress and co-founder of Al-Anon, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1988)
  • Mar 5 Harold Ogden "Chic" Johnson, comedian (Olsen & Johnson), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Mar 6 Victor Kilian, actor (Gentleman's Agreement), born in Jersey City, New Jersey
  • Mar 7 Marcel Barger, [Meyer Streliskie], cabaret performer (I keep Susy)

Person of interestJosé P. Laurel

Mar 9 Jose Paciano Laurel y Garcia, 3rd President of the Philippines (1942-44), born in Tanauan, Batangas (d. 1959)

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • Mar 10 Sam Jaffe, American actor (Gunga Din, Dr Zorba), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 10 Jacob van Gelderen, economist/sociologist/Dutch 2nd Chamber (SDAP)
  • Mar 12 Michael Polany, Hungarian/English chemist/economist/sociologist
  • Mar 12 George W. Mason, American industrialist (d. 1954)
  • Mar 14 John P Strijbos, Dutch writer (Wandering through South-Africa)

Person of interestEarl Warren

Mar 19 Earl Warren, Governor of California and 14th US Supreme Court Chief Justice (1953-69), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1974)

Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren
  • Mar 21 Jonathan Hale, actor (Saint's Double Trouble, Saint Strikes Back)
  • Mar 23 Catherine Murphy Urner, composer
  • Mar 24 Annie "Charley" Toorop, Dutch painter (3 Generations)
  • Mar 24 John Knittel, Swiss writer, born in Dharwar, India (d. 1970)
  • Mar 24 Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov, Soviet physicist (d. 1951)
  • Mar 28 Karel M J F Cruysberghs, Flemish author
  • Mar 28 Peter Suhrkamp, German publisher (Suhrkamp Verlag), born in Hatten, Germany (d. 1959)
  • Mar 29 Ivan Goll, French-German writer (the Landless John), born in Saint-Dié (d. 1950)
  • Mar 29 Alfred Neubauer, German racing team manager (Mercedes Benz), born in Neutitschein, Austria-Hungary (d. 1980)
  • Mar 30 Jan B Cammans, Flemish actor (Brothers Karamazov)
  • Mar 31 Erich Walter Sternberg, composer
  • Mar 31 Ion Pillat, Romaniams poet/senator (Umbra timpului)
  • Mar 31 Victor Varconi, Hungarian actor (Divine Lady, King of Kings, Big City)
  • Mar 31 Andy Varipapa, American ten-pin bowler (BPAA All-Star champion 1947-48), born in Carfizzi, Italy (d. 1984)

Famous Weddings

  • Mar 21 A Hatfield marries a McCoy, ends long feud in West Virginia it started with an accusation of pig-stealing & lasted 20 years

LoveWedding of Interest

Mar 24 56th UK Prime Minister Bonar Law (32) weds Annie Robley at West Free Church in Helensburgh, Scotland

British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 15 Théodore de Banville, French writer, dies at 67
  • Mar 15 Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (b. 1819)
  • Mar 17 Napoléon JKP Bonaparte, French prince and member of National Convention, dies at 68

Person of interestJoseph E. Johnston

Mar 21 Joseph E. Johnston, American military officer (senior officer in Confederate Army and United States Army), dies at 84

US Army Officer and Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston
US Army Officer and Confederate General
Joseph E. Johnston
  • Mar 24 Daniel H. Wells, Mormon leader and 3rd Mayor of Salt Lake City, dies at 76
  • Mar 28 Dick Pilling, cricketer ("Prince of Wicketkeepers", Eng 1881-88), dies

Person of interestGeorges Seurat

Mar 29 Georges Seurat, French post-impressionist painter (Pointillism), dies at 31

Post-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat
Post-Impressionist Painter
Georges Seurat