What Happened in May 1891

Historical Events

Sports History

May 1 Legendary pitcher Cy Young wins first game played at Cleveland's League Park; Cleveland Spiders 12, Cincinnati Redlegs 3

Music History

May 5 Music Hall (now Carnegie Hall) opens in New York City, with Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky as guest conductor of teh New York Music Society Orchestra

  • May 6 Conductors on London General Omnibus Company go on strike
  • May 7 Battle in Bunyoro: Capt F Lugard stops Muslim rebellion, 300 killed

Assassination Attempt

May 11 The Otsu Scandal: While visiting Japan, Prince Nicholas (later Tsar Nicholas II) survives an assassination attempt

  • May 12 Riot against tax increase in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • May 13 17th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Kingman wins in 2:52.25
  • May 15 British Central African Protectorate (now Malawi) forms

Music Premiere

May 15 Jules Massenet's opera "Grisélidis" premieres in Paris

  • May 15 Operations begin at Philips & Co in Holland

Catholic Encyclical

May 15 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Rerum novarum

  • May 16 George A. Hormel & Co establishes Geo. A.Hormel & Co. (Hormel Foods Corporation) in Austin, Minnesota
  • May 19 Rice Institute, which became Rice University in Houston, Texas, is chartered

Film & TV History

May 20 1st public display of Thomas Edison's prototype kinetoscope to members of the National Federation of Women's Club

  • May 21 Australian boxer Peter Jackson and future world heavyweight champion Jim Corbett fight a No Contest in 61 rounds at California Athletic Club, San Francisco
  • May 31 Work on Trans-Siberian railway begins

Famous Birthdays

  • May 3 Eppa Rixey Jr., American Baseball HOF pitcher (NL wins leader 1922; 266 career wins; Philadelphia Phillies, Cincinnati Reds), born in Culpeper, Virginia (d. 1963)
  • May 3 Tadeusz Peiper, Polish poet, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1969)
  • May 4 Frederick Jacobi, American composer, born in San Francisco (d. 1952)
  • May 4 J. W. F. Werumeus Buning, Dutch poet (Daily Bread), born in Amsterdam (d. 1958)
  • May 7 Harry McShane, Scottish socialist (d. 1988)
  • May 11 Henry Morgenthau Jr., US Secretary of Treasury (1934-45) who helped design the New Deal and Lend Lease programs, born in NYC, New York (d. 1967)
  • May 13 Fritz Rasp, German actor (Diary of a Lost Girl), born in Bayreuth, Germany (d. 1976)
  • May 14 Egon Kornauth, Austrian composer, born in Olmütz, Moravia (d. 1959)
  • May 15 Chief Nipo T Strongheart, US Native American actor (Pony Soldier), born in Yakima, Washington
  • May 15 David Vogel, Russian-born Hebrew writer (Huwelijksleven), born in Satanov, Russian Empire (d. 1944)
  • May 15 Fritz Feigl, Austrian Brazilian chemist (spot tests), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1971)
  • May 15 Mikhail Bulgakov, Russian playwright and novelist (The Master and Margarita, Black Snow), born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • May 16 Richard Tauber [Denemy], Austrian-British operatic tenor and film actor, born in Linz, Austria (d. 1948)
  • May 17 Princess Alexandra, 2nd Duchess of Fife, granddaughter of King Edward VII and great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria, born in East Sheen Lodge, Richmond, England (d. 1959)
  • May 18 Rudolf Carnap, German American philosopher (German Logical Positivist), born in Ronsdorf, Germany (d. 1970)
  • May 19 Oswald Boelcke, German World War I pilot (d. 1916)
  • May 22 Eddie Edwards, American jazz trombonist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1963)
  • May 22 Johannes R. Becher, German writer and politician, born in Munich (d. 1958)
  • May 22 Lucien Cailliet, French-American clarinetist, composer, conductor (Allentown Band), arranger (Philadelphia Orchestra, 1919-1937), and teacher, born in Châlons-sur-Marne, France (d. 1985)
  • May 22 Robert Gordon Sproul, American educator and college president (University of California), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1975)
  • May 23 Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish poet, novelist, and playwright (Nobel Prize in Literature, 1951), born in Växjö, Sweden (d. 1974)
  • May 24 Benedictus H. Danser, Dutch taxonomist and botanist, born in Schiedam, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • May 24 William F. Albright, American old testament scholar and archaeologist, born in Coquimbo, Chile (d. 1971)
  • May 25 Robert Willem Pieter Peereboom, Dutch editor in chief (Haarlem Newspaper), born in Haarlem, North Holland, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • May 27 Claude Champagne, Canadian composer, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1965)
  • May 30 Iman J van den Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter

Famous Deaths

  • May 4 Sherlock Holmes, "dies" at Reichenbach Falls
  • May 6 Thomas Hare, English barrister and political reformer, dies at 85
  • May 8 Helena Blavatsky, Russian occultist, philosopher, and author (co-founded Theosophical Society), dies at 59
  • May 10 Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli, Swiss botanist (famous for his work on plant cells), dies at 74
  • May 11 Edmond Becquerel, French physicist who studied the solar spectrum, magnetism, electricity and optics (photovoltaic effect), dies at 71
  • May 16 Ion Brătianu, Romanian statesman (b. 1821)
  • May 23 Ignace Leybach, French pianist and composer, dies at 73
  • May 26 Frederick Bowen Jewson, Scottish composer, dies at 67