On This Day

What Happened in October 1891

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 Stanford University, California opens its doors after being founded by Leland Stanford and his wife Jane with a $40m donation (1891 dollars). It's 1st student, future US President Herbert Hoover.

Business Tycoon and Politican Leland Stanford
Business Tycoon and Politican
Leland Stanford
31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Oct 7 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Hugh Kirkaldy wins by 2 strokes from brother Andrew Kirkaldy and Willie Fernie; last Open contested in a single day over 36 holes
  • Oct 12 Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
  • Oct 20 1st International 6 day bike race at New York's Madison Square Garden begins
  • Oct 25 1st International 6 day bike race (NY Madison Square Garden) ends
  • Oct 28 Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 H. V. Porter, American basketball coach and administrator (created fan-shaped backboard; moulded basketball, rules films), born in Manito, Illinois (d. 1975)
  • Oct 11 Antonius [Jacob LT] van der Veen Zeppenfeldt, Antillian Bishop
  • Oct 12 Edith Stein, German philosopher and Discalced Carmelite nun (St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross), born in Breslau (Silesia), Germany (d. 1987)
  • Oct 13 Irene Rich [Luther], American actress (Beau Brummell, Champ), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1988)
  • Oct 14 Paul de Keyser, Flemish philologist and folklorist, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1966)
  • Oct 18 1891 Václav Kálik, Czech composer, born in Opava; (d. 1951)

Person of interestJames Chadwick

Oct 20 James Chadwick, English physicist (Nobel 1935 discovered neutron), born in Bollington, Cheshire (d. 1974)

Physicist James Chadwick
Physicist
James Chadwick

Person of interestJomo Kenyatta

Oct 20 Jomo Kenyatta, Kenyan leader and 1st President of Kenya (1963-78), born in Gatundu, Kenya (d. 1978)

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • Oct 21 John Metzelaar, Dutch/US (About Tropical Atl Visschen)
  • Oct 21 Ted Shawn, US dancer/choreographer (Dance We Must)
  • Oct 22 Fidelio Friedrich Finke, Bohemian German composer, born in Josefsthal, Austria-Hungary (d. 1968)
  • Oct 22 Parker Fennelly, American comedian and actor (d. 1988)
  • Oct 24 Geertruida Magdelena Wilhelmina Bakker, Dutch actress (The Two Orphans), born in Amsterdam (d. 1973)
  • Oct 24 Rafael Trujillo [Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina], Dominican politician, soldier and dictator of the Dominican Republic (1930-61), born in San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic (d. 1961)
  • Oct 25 Father Coughlin, Canadian-American Roman Catholic priest and pro-Fascist radio broadcaster, born in Hamilton, Canada (d. 1979)
  • Oct 28 Ormer Locklear, American movie stunt pilot (The Great Air Robbery), born in Greenville, Texas (d. 1920)
  • Oct 29 Fanny Brice, American singing comedienne (Ziegeld Follies, Baby Snooks), born in NYC, New York (d. 1951)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 3 Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (Lucas sequences), dies at 49
  • Oct 6 Charles Stewart Parnell, English-Irish Home Rule Party leader, dies at 45
  • Oct 9 Johannes Tideman, theologist, dies at 83
  • Oct 11 Charles Stewart Parnells remains buried in Ireland
  • Oct 15 Gilbert Arthur a Beckett, English writer (b. 1837)
  • Oct 15 William Henry Fitzhugh Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 54
  • Oct 16 Sarah Winnemucca, indian scout, dies
  • Oct 21 Alpheus Baker, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 63
  • Oct 22 Ernst von Fleischl-Marxow, Austrian physiologist (b. 1846)