On This Day

What Happened in January 1892

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Ellis Island opens as a US immigration inspection station - it would go on to be the gateway to the US for more than 12 million people
  • Jan 5 1st successful auroral photograph made
  • Jan 7 Mine explosion kills 100 in Krebs, Oklahoma; blacks trying to help rescue white survivors, driven away with guns
  • Jan 11 Hawaiian Historical Society founded
  • Jan 11 William D McCoy of Indiana appointed US minister to Liberia

Historic Publication

Jan 15 Basketball rules first published in Triangle Magazine, written by James Naismith

  • Jan 24 Battle of Mengo, Uganda: French missionaries attack British missionaries
  • Jan 29 The Coca-Cola Company is incorporated in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Jan 30 Bobby Abel carries his bat for 132* for England in SCG Test
  • Jan 30 Capt Lugard occupies Uganda's King Mwanga's hide out

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Artur Rodzinski, Polish conductor (Cleveland Orchestra, 1933-43; New York Philharmonic, 1943-47; Chicago Symphony, 1947-48), born in Split, Kingdom of Dalmatia (d. 1958)
  • Jan 1 Miklos Radnai, composer
  • Jan 2 Lura Anson, Nebraska, entertainer

J. R. R. Tolkien

Jan 3 J. R. R. Tolkien, British author (The Hobbit; The Lord of the Rings), born in Bloemfontein, South Africa (d. 1973)

  • Jan 3 Kathryn Minner (née White), American character actress (Little Old Lady from Pasadena), born in New York City (d. 1969)
  • Jan 5 Francesca Bertini, Italian actress (Odette, Assunta Spina), born in Florence, Tuscany, Italy (d. 1985)
  • Jan 5 Anne Morrison Chapin, American playwright, actress, (The Wild Westcotts), and screenwriter (The Sailor Takes A Wife), born in Shoals, Indiana (d. 1967)
  • Jan 6 Ludwig Berger, German film director and cinematographer (The Thief of Bagdad), born in Mainz (d. 1969)
  • Jan 7 Rudolf Moser, Swiss composer, born in Niederuzwyl, Switzerland (d. 1960)
  • Jan 8 Werner Wehrli, composer
  • Jan 9 Eva Bowring, American politician (d. 1985)
  • Jan 10 Dumas Malone, American historian (Jefferson & His Time), born in Coldwater, Mississippi (d. 1986)
  • Jan 12 Mikhail Gurevich, Russian aircraft designer (d. 1976)
  • Jan 13 Paul Smart, American yachtsman (Olympic gold 1948)
  • Jan 14 Hal Roach, American producer & director (1 Million BC), born in Elmira, New York (d. 1992)
  • Jan 14 Martin Niemöller, German theologian who supported, then opposed the Nazi regime, famous for his widely quoted poem "First they came ...", born in Lippstadt, Germany (d. 1984)
  • Jan 15 Frank Hutchens, New Zealand-born composer working in Australia, born in Leeston, New Zealand (d. 1965)
  • Jan 15 Rex Ingram [Reginald Hitchcock], Irish director (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1950)

Oliver Hardy

Jan 18 Oliver Hardy, American comic actor (Laurel & Hardy), born in Harlem, Georgia (d. 1957)

  • Jan 18 Paul Rostock, German surgeon, born in Kręcko, Poland (d. 1956)
  • Jan 19 Ólafur Thors, Icelandic Prime Minister (5 times between 1942-63), born in Borgarnes, Iceland (d. 1964)
  • Jan 22 Marcel Dassault [Bloch], French airplane builder
  • Jan 26 Zara Cully, American actress (The Jeffersons -"Mother Jefferson"), born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1978)

Bessie Coleman

Jan 26 Bessie Coleman, American aviator and 1st African-American woman and Native American to hold a pilot license, born in Atlanta, Texas (d. 1926) [1]

  • Jan 27 Mitya Stillman, Russian-American violist and composer, born in Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1936)
  • Jan 29 Ernst Lubitsch, German actor, producer and film director (To Be or Not to Be, Love Parade), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1947)
  • Jan 29 Clifford Gray, American bobsledder (Olympic gold 1928)
  • Jan 30 Charles Trowbridge Haubiel, American composer, pianist and lecturer (Tre Ritratti Characteristici), born in Delta, Ohio (d. 1978)
  • Jan 30 Grigore Gafencu, Romanian Minister of Foreign affairs (1938-39), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1957)
  • Jan 31 Eddie Cantor, American comedian (Eddie Cantor Comedy Theater), born in NYC, New York

Famous Weddings

Paul Gauguin

Jan 11 Painter Paul Gauguin marries Teha'amana, a 13-year-old Tahitian girl

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Roswell B. Mason, Mayor of Chicago, dies at 86
  • Jan 2 Frederick William Barber, South African frontiersman & scientist, dies at 78
  • Jan 2 George Biddell Airy, English mathematician and 7th Astronomer Royal, dies at 90
  • Jan 7 Muḥammad Tawfīq Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (1879-92), dies at 39
  • Jan 7 Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke, German physician and physiologist, dies at 72
  • Jan 8 John Heykamp, old-catholic archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 67
  • Jan 10 Heinrich Ludwig Egmont Dorn, composer, dies at 91
  • Jan 13 Charles Albert White, composer, dies at 62
  • Jan 14 Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, British prince (b. 1864)
  • Jan 16 Imakita Kosen, Zen teacher/abbot of Engagkuji monastery, dies
  • Jan 17 Alexandre Levy, Brazilian composer and pianist, dies at 27
  • Jan 18 Anton Anderledy, Swiss Superior General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1819)
  • Jan 21 John Couch Adams, English astronomer (co-discover Neptune), dies at 72
  • Jan 22 Joseph Philo Bradley, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1813)
  • Jan 31 Charles Spurgeon, English preacher and evangelist, dies at 57