What Happened in July 1892

Historical Events

  • Jul 4 James Keir Hardie chosen 1st socialist in British Lower house
  • Jul 4 Western Samoa changes the International Date Line, so that year there were 367 days in this country, with two occurrences of Monday, July 4
  • Jul 4 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Defending champion Wilfred Baddeley beats Joshua Pim 4-6, 6-3, 6-3, 6-2
  • Jul 6 Dadabhai Naoroji elected as first Indian Member of Parliament in Britain

Historic Event

Jul 6 Jose Rizal forms La Liga Filipina in Manila

  • Jul 6 Striking steel workers in Homestead, Pennsylvania, fire on scabs, killing 7
  • Jul 7 Katipunan: the Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established leading to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia
  • Jul 7 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Bingley-Hillyard for a 4th time in a Wimbledon final 6-1, 6-1
  • Jul 8 American Psychological Association organized in Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts
  • Jul 8 St. John's, Newfoundland is devastated in the Great Fire of 1892
  • Jul 10 1st concrete-paved street built (Bellefountaine, Ohio)

Historic Invention

Jul 11 US Patent Office says Joseph Swan rather than Thomas Edison, invented the electric light carbon for the incandescent lamp

  • Jul 18 First human test of a vaccine against cholera; Ukrainian bacteriologist Waldemar Huffkine risks his life by testing it on himself

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 James M. Cain, American novelist (Postman Always Rings Twice), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1977)
  • Jul 2 Jack Hylton, English orchestra leader and impresario (Crazy Passage Show), born in Great Lever, Lancashire, England (d. 1965)
  • Jul 3 Wilhelm Rettich, German composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1988)
  • Jul 6 Willy Coppens, Belgian WW I fighter ace, born in Watermael-Boitsfort, Brussels, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • Jul 8 Pavel Korin, Russian painter (d. 1967)
  • Jul 8 Richard Aldington, English writer and editor (The Egotist), born in Portsmouth, England (d. 1962)
  • Jul 10 George "Slim" Summerville, American actor (All Quiet on the Western Front, Keystone Cops), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico (d. 1946)
  • Jul 11 Giorgio Federico Ghedini, Italian composer (Concerto dell'albatro), born in Cuneo, Piedmont, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1965)
  • Jul 11 Hugo Myrtelius, Swedish conductor, composer, and educator, born in Nosaby, Sweden (d. 1977)
  • Jul 11 Thomas Mitchell, American Academy Award-winning actor (Gone With The Wind; High Noon), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1962)
  • Jul 12 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer (The Street of Crocodiles), born in Drohobych, Austrian Galicia (d. 1942)
  • Jul 15 Henry Johnson, American soldier of 369th regiment (aka Harlem Hell Fighters), 1st US WWI soldier to receive the Croix de guerre after fighting a German raid in hand-to-hand combat to rescue a fellow soldier (posthumous Medal of Honour, 2015), born in Tallahassee, Florida, (d. 1929)
  • Jul 15 Walter Benjamin, German literature critic/writer
  • Jul 17 Mary Clare, British actress (Evil Mind, Young & Innocent), born in London, England (d. 1970)
  • Jul 18 Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian football player, born in São Paulo, Brazil (d. 1969)
  • Jul 19 Dick Irvin, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (Chicago Black Hawks), born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (d. 1957)
  • Jul 21 Anton Schnack, German writer and poet, born in Rieneck, Germany (d. 1973)
  • Jul 21 Gijsbert Friedhoff, Dutch architect (Wibautstrat tax office, Amsterdam), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • Jul 21 Lenore Ulric, American actress (Notorious, Better Woman), born in New Ulm, Minnesota [or 1894]
  • Jul 22 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s)/war criminal
  • Jul 22 John MacBryan, cricketer (one Test Eng v South Africa 1924 DNBat, DNbowl)

Haile Selassie

Jul 23 Haile Selassie [Ras Tafari Makonnen], Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-74), born in Ejersa Goro, Ethiopian Empire (d. 1975)

  • Jul 23 Petros John Petridis, Greek composer (Isotope Suite), born in Nigdé (Capodocia), Turkey (d. 1977)
  • Jul 24 Alice Ball, African American chemist (developed treatment for leprosy), born in Seattle Washington (d. 1916)
  • Jul 26 "Sad" Sam Jones, American baseball pitcher (no-hitter 1923; World Series 1918, 23; Boston Red Sox, New York Yankees), born in Woodsfield, Ohio (d. 1966)
  • Jul 26 Philipp Jarnach, French pianist, composer, and music educator (Hamburg Music Academy, 1949-70), born in Noisy-le-Sec, France (d. 1982)
  • Jul 28 Joe E. Brown, American comedian (Buck Circus Hour), born in Holgate, Ohio (d. 1973)
  • Jul 29 Ernst van Raalte, Dutch journalist (Seen, heard... wrote), born in Rotterdam, South Holland (d. 1975)
  • Jul 29 William Powell, American actor (Thin Man, My Man Godfrey), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1984)
  • Jul 30 Roy Park, Australian cricketer (one Test Aust v Eng 1920, out 1st ball), born in Charlton, Victoria (d. 1947)
  • Jul 31 Joseph Charbonneau, French Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop of Montreal (1940-50), born in Lefaivre, Canada (d. 1959)

Famous Weddings

Claude Monet

Jul 16 Impressionist Painter Claude Monet (51) weds longtime companion Alice Hoschedé

Famous Deaths

Alexander Cartwright

Jul 12 Alexander Cartwright, American Baseball HOF pioneer (recognised as inventor of modern baseball, "father of baseball"), dies at 72

  • Jul 12 Cyrus West Field, American financier noted for success of 1st transatlantic cable, dies at 72
  • Jul 18 Thomas Cook, British founder and CEO of Thomas Cook & Son travel agency (Cook Travel Bureau), dies at 83
  • Jul 21 Henry Gardner, 23rd Governor of Massachusetts (1855-58), dies at 73