On This Day

What Happened in October 1892

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 University of Chicago opens
  • Oct 5 Dalton Gang ends in shoot-out in Coffeville, Kansas bank holdup
  • Oct 8 Sergei Rachmaninoff first performs "Prelude in C-sharp-Minor" in Moscow
  • Oct 10 Entire Hong Kong national cricket team dies in shipwreck off Taiwan
  • Oct 12 US Pledge of Allegiance first recited in public schools during Columbus Day

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Oct 14 Arthur Conan Doyle publishes "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" collection of 12 stories originally published serially in "The Strand Magazine"

  • Oct 18 1st commercial long-distance phone line opens (Chicago-NY)

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 4 Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian Fascist chancellor killed by Nazis, born in Texingtal, Austria (d. 1934)
  • Oct 4 Luis Trenker, South Tyrolean film producer, director and actor (Berge in Flammen), born in Urtijëi, Tyrol (d. 1990)
  • Oct 4 Hermann Glauert, British aerodynamicist, born in Sheffield, Yorkshire (d. 1934)
  • Oct 5 Remington Kellogg, American naturalist and director (U.S. National Museum), born in Davenport, Iowa (d. 1969)
  • Oct 7 Dwain Esper, American film director (The Seventh Commandment), born in Washington State (d. 1982)
  • Oct 9 Ivo Andric, Yugoslavian novelist (Bridge on Drina, Nobel 1961), born in Dolac, Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 1975)
  • Oct 9 Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (The Train of Life), born in Moscow (d. 1941)
  • Oct 10 Earle Dickson, American inventor (Band-Aid), born in Grandview, Tennessee (d. 1961)
  • Oct 12 Gilda dalla Rizza, Italian soprano, born in Verona, Italy (d. 1975)
  • Oct 14 Sumner Welles, American diplomat (Good neighbor policy), born in New York (d. 1961)
  • Oct 17 Herbert Norman Howells, composer
  • Oct 17 Otakar Jeremias, composer
  • Oct 17 Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (d. 1943)
  • Oct 18 Leo G. Carroll, English actor (Topper, Man From Uncle), born in Weedon (d. 1972)
  • Oct 19 Ilmari Hannikainen, Finnish pianist and composer, born in Jyväskylä; (d. 1955)
  • Oct 23 Milton "Gummo" Marx, American actor and comedian (Marx Brothers), born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • Oct 24 Kurt Huber, German philosopher and resistance fighter, born in Chur, Switzerland (d. 1943)
  • Oct 27 Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author (Vidas Secas), born in Quebrangulo, Brazil (d. 1953)
  • Oct 27 Victor E. van Vriesland, Dutch poet (Mirror of Dutch Poetry), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1974)
  • Oct 28 Eduard Jan Dijksterhuis, Dutch historian of science (biography of Archimedes), born in Tilburg, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • Oct 28 Ludwig Strauss, German-Israeli writer (Night Watch), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1953)
  • Oct 28 Dink Johnson, American musician, born in Biloxi, Mississippi (d. 1954)
  • Oct 31 Ruth Fuller Sasaki, American Zen teacher (1st Zen Institute of America), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1967)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 4 Guillaume Van Kerckhoven, Belgian captain, dies at 39
  • Oct 5 Bill Powers, US member of Daltonbende, dies
  • Oct 5 Bob Dalton, US leader of Daltonbende, dies
  • Oct 5 Dick Broadwell, US member of Daltonbende, dies
  • Oct 5 Grat Dalton, US member of Daltonbende, dies

Person of interestAlfred Tennyson

Oct 6 Alfred Lord Tennyson, writer and British Poet Laureate, dies at 83

  • Oct 23 Emin Pasha, German explorer and governor (Equatoria), murdered at 52
  • Oct 25 Caroline Harrison, 1st lady of the U.S. (1889-1892), wife of Benjamin Harrison, dies at 60
  • Oct 29 William Harnett, Irish-American painter (Old Cupboard Door), dies at 44