What Happened in April 1894

Historical Events

  • Apr 5 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
  • Apr 5 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Empty House" (BG)
  • Apr 9 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 5th Symphony in B in Graz
  • Apr 12 British & Belgian secret accord on dividing Central Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 1st public showing of Thomas Edison's kinetoscope (moving pictures)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Apr 19 Jules Massenet's opera "Werther" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 20 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 21 George Bernard Shaw's "Arms & the Man" premieres in London

  • Apr 24 French cyclist Henri Desgrange rides 100km in world record 2:39:18
  • Apr 24 Phillies Lave Cross hits for cycle vs Bkln Dodgers
  • Apr 29 The 500-strong Commonwealth of Christ (Coxey's Army) arrives in Washington, D.C., to protest against unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 2 Rudolph P Cleveringa, Dutch anti-nazi lawyer
  • Apr 2 Walter Mittelholzer, Swiss aviation pioneer (Swiss Air)
  • Apr 6 Gertrude Baines, American Supercentarian
  • Apr 7 Gerald Brenan, English writer
  • Apr 9 Ernest Kanitz, composer
  • Apr 10 Ben Nicholson, English painter/sculptor (Circle)
  • Apr 10 Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist (d. 1983)
  • Apr 12 Francisco H Craveiro Lopes, Portuguese general/president (1951-58)
  • Apr 13 Ludvig Irgens Jensen, composer
  • Apr 15 Elizabeth Mae "Bessie" Smith, Empress of Blues (over 200 songs)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 15 Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-64), born in Kalinovka, Russia (d. 1971)

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Apr 20 Martinus Nijhoff, poet/interpreter/linguistic (spelling)
  • Apr 23 Basil Sydney, British actor (Hamlet, Jassy, Simba, Farmer's Wife), born in St. Osyth, Essex, England (d. 1968)
  • Apr 23 George Renevant [Georges de Cheux], French actor (Moulin Rouge, Scotland Yard, Comrade X), born in Paris, France (d. 1969)
  • Apr 23 Cow Cow Davenport, American pianist (d. 1955)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 26 Rudolf Hess, German Nazi official (Deputy Fuhrer who dramatically escaped to Britain in 1941), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1987)

Nazi leader Rudolf Hess
Nazi leader
Rudolf Hess
  • Apr 27 Nicolas Slonimsky, composer
  • Apr 27 George Petty, WWII Pin-Up Artist (d. 1975)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 8 Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyaya, Indian writer (Mrinalini, Anandamath), dies at 55
  • Apr 11 Constantin Lipsius, German architect (b. 1832)