On This Day

What Happened in January 1894

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Denmark adopts Mid-European time
  • Jan 1 Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
  • Jan 1 South African Amateur Athletic Union is founded in Johannesburg
  • Jan 4 France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 William K.L. Dickson captures "Fred Ott's Sneeze" as a motion picture at Thomas Edison's Black Mariah Studio, West Orange, New Jersey [1]

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Jan 8 Columbus World's fair in Chicago destroyed by fire
  • Jan 9 William K.L. Dickson's motion picture "Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze" aka "Fred Ott's Sneeze" receives first US copyright for the format; it was filmed a few days earlier at Edison Studio, West Orange, New Jersey [1]
  • Jan 9 Georges Feydeau's "Un à la Patte" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 9 New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
  • Jan 11 Donghak Peasant Rebellion begins in Mujiang, Korea over local corruption, sparking the 1st Sino-Japanese War
  • Jan 13 Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops
  • Jan 21 Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 sec
  • Jan 23 G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
  • Jan 25 In his only successful title defence, James J Corbett KOs English champion Charley Mitchell in 3 rounds at the Duvall Athletic Club, Jacksonville, Florida for the world heavyweight boxing title
  • Jan 27 1st college basketball game, University of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11
  • Jan 27 Midwinter Fair opens in Golden Gate Park
  • Jan 30 Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
  • Jan 30 US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Shitsu Nakano, Japanese supercentenarian (d. 2007)
  • Jan 1 Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist (Bose–Einstein statistics), born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1974)
  • Jan 2 Robert Nathan, American poet, novelist (Portrait of Jennie), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 3 ZaSu Pitts, American actress (Life With Father, Dames, Wedding March), born in Parsons, Kansas (d. 1963)
  • Jan 4 Wesley La Violette, composer
  • Jan 4 Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (d. 1962)
  • Jan 7 Jose Rozo Contreras, Colombian composer (d. 1976)
  • Jan 8 St Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (d. 1941)
  • Jan 9 Henryk Stazewski, Polish abstract painter and graphic artist
  • Jan 10 Reginald Denham, English writer & director (Obsession, The Bad Seed), born in London, England (d. 1983)
  • Jan 11 Jaroslav Vogel, Czech composer and conductor (d. 1970)
  • Jan 12 Georges Carpentier, French boxer (world light heavyweight champion, 1st $1m gate v J Dempsey), born in Lievin, France (d. 1975)
  • Jan 15 Edmond Rubbens, Belgian attorney and politician, born in Zele, Belgium (d. 1938)
  • Jan 16 Guy Chamberlin, early NFL end/coach (Canton, Frankford, Cards)
  • Jan 16 Irving Mills [Isadore Minsky], American jazz music publisher, manager (Duke Ellington, 1926-48), singer and lyricist, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1985)
  • Jan 18 Wilhelm H. C. Tenhaeff, Dutch parapsychologist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • Jan 20 Harold L Gray, creator (Little Orphan Annie)
  • Jan 20 Walter Hamor Piston, Jr., American two-time Pulitzer Prize winning composer (Incredible Flutist), music theorist, and educator (Harvard, 1926-60), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1876)
  • Jan 22 Charles Morgan, England, writer (Fountain)
  • Jan 22 Matt McHugh, American actor (Taxi, Freaks, Barbary Coast, Innocent Affair), born in Connellsville, Pennsylvania (d. 1971)
  • Jan 23 Remy Angenot, Flemish actor (Met den helm geboren, Patriot, Idiot), born in Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1964)
  • Jan 27 Fritz Pollard, early African American NFL star (1920-26)
  • Jan 27 Albert Patterson, American politician and attorney, born in New Site, Alabama (d. 1954)
  • Jan 30 Boris III, Tsar of Bulgaria (1918-43), born in Sofia, Bulgaria (d. 1943)
  • Jan 30 Marcel Canneel, Flemish painter (Reuzenstoet) (d. 1953)
  • Jan 31 Percy Helton, American actor (Jail Busters, Harbor of Missing Men), born in NYC, New York (d. 1971)
  • Jan 31 Isham Jones, American musician, bandleader ("Star Dust") and songwriter ("It Had To Be You", "I'll See You in My Dreams"), born in Coalton, Ohio (d. 1956)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, German physicist, dies at 36
  • Jan 8 Pierre-Joseph van Beneden, paleont (life of tapeworms), dies at 84
  • Jan 13 Nadezhda von Meck, Russian patroness of Pyotr Tchaikovsky (b. 1831)
  • Jan 19 Francois Haverschmidt, Dutch writer (Snikken en grimlachjes), dies at 58
  • Jan 21 Guillaume Lekeu, Belgian composer (Épithalame), dies of typhoid fever at 24