On This Day

What Happened in 1895

Historical Events

  • Mar 25 Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • Apr 17 Treaty of Shimonoseki is signed ending the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
  • May 8 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
  • Jun 20 1st female PhD from an American University, earned by Caroline Willard Baldwin (in Science) at Cornell University
  • Nov 8 German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays
  • Nov 27 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel's will establishes the Nobel Prize
  • More Historical Events

1895 in Film & TV

  • Mar 22 Auguste & Louis Lumiere show their 1st movie to an invited audience
  • May 24 Henry Irving becomes the first actor to receive a knighthood
  • Dec 28 Filmmakers the Lumiere brothers, hold the first commercial film screening at Salon Indien du Grand Café, Paris

1895 in Music

  • Mar 4 Gustav Mahler conducts the premiere of his incomplete 2nd Symphony ("Resurrection") in Berlin, Germany, with the Berlin Philharmonic; complete version debuts in December

1895 in Sport

  • Jun 13 Emile Levassor wins the first automobile race in history the Paris-Bordeaux-Paris, taking 48 hours and 48 minutes (1,178 km)
  • Oct 4 1st US Open Men's Golf, Newport GC: Englishman Horace Rawlins wins inaugural event; beats Willie Dunn of Scotland by 2 strokes
  • Nov 28 America's 1st auto race organised by the "Chicago Times-Herald" - Chicago to Evanston and back; 6 cars, 55 miles, Frank Duryea wins averaging 7 MPH

Did You Know?

American inventor Frederick E. Blaisdell patents the pencil

On November 19, 1895

Would You Believe?

In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop, crosses more than 30 meters of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse

On October 22, 1895

Famous Weddings

  • Jun 27 Journalist Ida B. Wells marries attorney Ferdinand L. Barnett at Bethel AME Church in Chicago
  • Jul 11 Dutch exotic dancer, courtesan and accused spy Mata Hari (18) weds Dutch colonial army Captain Rudolph MacLeod in Amsterdam
  • Jul 26 Physicist and chemist Maria Skłodowska (27) weds physicist Pierre Curie (36) in Sceaux, France

More Weddings & Divorces