What Happened in 1895

Significant Events

  • Mar 25 Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • Apr 17 Treaty of Shimonoseki is signed ending the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
  • May 8 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
  • Jun 20 1st female PhD from an American University, earned by Caroline Willard Baldwin (in Science) at Cornell University
  • Nov 8 German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays
  • Nov 27 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel's will establishes the Nobel Prize
More Historical Events

1895 in Film & TV

  • Mar 22 Auguste & Louis Lumiere show their 1st movie to an invited audience
  • May 24 Henry Irving becomes the first actor to receive a knighthood
  • Dec 28 Filmmakers the Lumiere brothers, hold the first commercial film screening at Salon Indien du Grand Café, Paris

1895 in Music

  • Jan 15 Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres, St Petersburg (1/27 NS)
  • Mar 4 Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony premieres in Berlin

1895 in Sport

  • Jun 13 Emile Levassor wins the first automobile race in history the Paris-Bordeaux-Paris, taking 48 hours and 48 minutes (1,178 km)
  • Oct 4 US Open Golf, Newport GC: Englishman Horace Rawlins wins inaugural event; beats Willie Dunn of Scotland by 2 strokes
  • Nov 28 America's 1st auto race organised by the "Chicago Times-Herald" Chicago to Evanston and back; 6 cars, 55 miles, winner avg 7 MPH

Did You Know?

American inventor Frederick E. Blaisdell patents the pencil

On November 19, 1895


World Leaders in 1895

Famous People in 1895

Would You Believe?

In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop, crosses more than 30 meters of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse

On October 22, 1895

Famous Weddings

  • Jul 11 Dutch exotic dancer, courtesan and accused spy Mata Hari (18) weds Dutch colonial army Captain Rudolph MacLeod in Amsterdam
  • Jul 26 Physicist and chemist Marie Curie (27) weds physicist Pierre Curie (36) in Sceaux, France
  • Nov 20 Businessman Harvey Firestone (26) weds composer Idabelle Smith (21)
  • Dec 19 Poet Robert Frost (21) weds Elinor Miriam White in Lawrence, Massachusetts