On This Day

What Happened in April 1895

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 5 Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Apr 7 Polar explorer Fridtjof Nansen reaches record 86°13.6′N latitude north, expedition closest to the North pole

Arctic Explorer and Diplomat Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic Explorer and Diplomat
Fridtjof Nansen
  • Apr 11 Anaheim completes its new electric light system
  • Apr 14 1st performance of Gustav Mahler's (incomplete) 2nd Symphony
  • Apr 15 Josephine Blatt (US) makes hip-and-harness lift of 3564 lb (record)
  • Apr 17 Treaty of Shimonoseki is signed ending the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
  • Apr 24 Joshua Slocum completes around-the-world voyage in 11-m boat

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Alberta Hunter, blues singer/composer (Downhearted Blues)
  • Apr 3 Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Italian composer, born in Florence (d. 1968)
  • Apr 4 Arthur Murray [Moses Teichman], American ballroom dancer and businessman (Arthur Murray Dance Party), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • Apr 4 Charlie Hallows, English cricket batsman (Lancs played for England 1921-28), born in Little Lever, Lancashire (d. 1972)
  • Apr 7 Eduardo Toldra, composer
  • Apr 7 Lewis B Combs, naval commander/civil engineer
  • Apr 8 Bert Gordon [Barney Gorodetsky], Comedian, born in NYC, New York (d. 1974)
  • Apr 8 Sigurdur Thordarson, composer
  • Apr 9 Mance Lipscomb, American blues musician (Shine On, Harvest Moon), born in Navasota, Texas (d. 1976)
  • Apr 9 Michel Simon, Swiss actor (Panic, Plague, Two of Us), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1975)
  • Apr 9 Rudolf Kattnigg, Austrian composer, born in Carinthia, Austria (d. 1955)
  • Apr 13 Olga Rudge, American concert violinist, born in Youngstown, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • Apr 13 Arthur Fadden, 13th Prime Minister of Australia, born in Ingham, Queensland, Australia (d. 1973)
  • Apr 14 Mary Marquet, Russian actress (Matter of Resistance), born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1979)
  • Apr 14 Wiktor Labunski, Polish-American composer, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1974)
  • Apr 15 Corrado Alvaro, Italian writer (Gente in Aspromonte), born in San Luca, Italy (d. 1956)
  • Apr 15 Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards player (d. 1980)
  • Apr 16 Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer of travel literature (Life on Puka Puka), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1948)
  • Apr 17 Bert Wheeler, American actor (Brave Eagle, The Nitwits, Hold 'em Jail, High Flyers, Rainmakers), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 1968)
  • Apr 19 Anton Pieck, Dutch illustrator (Efteling, Kaatsheuvel), born in Den Helder, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • Apr 20 Emile Christian, American jazz trombonist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1973)
  • Apr 23 Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand detective writer and producer, born in Christchurch, New Zealand (d. 1982)
  • Apr 24 S Constantine Timoshenko, Russian marshal/people's commissioner
  • Apr 25 Stanley Rous, British soccer official, 6th President of FIFA (1961-74), born in Mutford, East Suffolk, England (d. 1986)
  • Apr 29 Malcolm Sargent, English conductor (Promenade Concerts), born in Bath Villas, Ashford, Kent (d. 1967)
  • Apr 30 Philippe Panneton, Canadian physician, diplomat and writer (Trente arpents), born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec (d. 1960)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 11 Julius Lothar Meyer, German Chemist, dies at 64
  • Apr 19 George Scharf, critic, dies
  • Apr 19 Victor J van Hinsbergh, South Neth engraver (PTT-stempels), dies at 70
  • Apr 23 Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig, physiologist, dies
  • Apr 23 Carl Ludwig, German physician (b. 1815)
  • Apr 30 Gustav Freytag, German writer (Soll und Haben), dies at 78