On This Day

What Happened in August 1895

Historical Events

  • Aug 10 1st Queen's Hall Promenade Concerto (Wagner's "Rienzi")
  • Aug 19 American frontier murderer and outlaw, John Wesley Hardin is shot and killed by John Selman Sr. in a saloon in El Paso, Texas
  • Aug 25 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Fred Hovey beats defending champion Robert Wrenn 6-3, 6-2, 6-4 for his lone major singles title
  • Aug 26 Electric generator at Niagara Falls produces first power
  • Aug 29 The formation of the Northern Rugby Union at the George Hotel, Huddersfield, England.
  • Aug 30 Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education
  • Aug 31 1st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 & won 12-0)

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Benjamin Mays, African-American educator (Morehouse, Howard University) and civil rights leader, born in Ninety Six, South Carolina (d. 1984)
  • Aug 2 Matthew Henderson, New Zealand cricket fast bowler (1 Test; New Zealand's first-ever Test match 1930), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 1970)
  • Aug 3 Marguerite Nichols, American actress (An Old Man's Folly), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1941)
  • Aug 9 Ted Badcock, New Zealand cricketer (swing bowler in NZ's 1st Test matches), born in Abbottabad, India (d. 1982)
  • Aug 9 Nathaniel "Nat" Pendleton, American wrestler (Olympics 1920, Silver) and actor (The Thin Man, Reckless), born in Davenport, Iowa (d. 1967)
  • Aug 10 Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian author and satirist, born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1958)
  • Aug 10 Hammy Love, Former Australian cricketer (d. 1969)
  • Aug 13 Bert Lahr [Irving Lahrheim], American comic and actor (The Wizard of Oz - "Lion"), born in NYC, New York (d. 1967)
  • Aug 13 Robert Burton, American actor (The Big Heat, Compulsion, A Man Called Peter), born in Eastman, Georgia (d. 1962)
  • Aug 14 Jack Gregory, Australian cricket all-rounder (24 Tests, 2 x 100, 7 x 50, 85 wickets, BB 7/69; NSW CA), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1973)
  • Aug 16 Jacinto Guerrero, Spanish musician and composer, born in Ajofrín, Toledo (d. 1951)
  • Aug 16 Lucien Littlefield, American actor (Blondie), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 1960)
  • Aug 16 Albert Cohen, Greek-born Swiss novelist (Belle du Seigneur), born in Corfu, Greece (d. 1981)
  • Aug 16 Liane Haid, Austrian actress (Lady Hamilton), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2000)
  • Aug 19 Arnoldt Bronnen, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1959)
  • Aug 22 Paul Taylor White, American composer (Adante & Rondo for Cello), born in Bangor, Maine (d. 1973)
  • Aug 22 Paul Comtois, French Canadian politician, born in Pierreville, Quebec (d. 1966)
  • Aug 24 Richard Cardinal Cushing, Archbishop of Boston (1944-70), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1970)
  • Aug 31 Joseph Moiseyevich Schillinger, composer

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 1 Heinrich von Sybel, German historian (Geschichte des ersten Kreuzzugs), dies at 77
  • Aug 2 Joseph Thomson, Scottish geologist and early African explorer (Thomson's Gazelle), dies of pneumonia at 37
  • Aug 4 Marcellus Augustus Stovall, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 76

Friedrich Engels

Aug 5 Friedrich Engels, German social philosopher and revolutionary socialist who co-authored "The Communist Manifesto" with Karl Marx, dies of throat cancer at 74

  • Aug 6 George Frederick Root, American songwriter (The Battle Cry of Freedom), dies at 74
  • Aug 13 Christian Bernhard Tauchnitz, German publisher (T Edition), dies at 79
  • Aug 19 John Wesley Hardin, American outlaw and gunfighter (claimed to have killed 27 men), shot dead in a saloon at 42
  • Aug 24 John F. Loudon, Dutch sugar and indigo manufacturer, who Delft collection was left to the Rijksmuseum, dies at 74