On This Day

What Happened in December 1895

Historical Events

  • Dec 2 54th Congress (1895-97) convenes
  • Dec 7 Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies

BattleBattle of Interest

Dec 8 Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian Emperor Menelik II drives Italian General Baratieri out

Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II
Emperor of Ethiopia
Menelik II
  • Dec 13 First complete execution of Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony
  • Dec 17 Anti-Saloon League of America formed, Washington, D.C.
  • Dec 17 George Brownell patents a machine to make paper twine (Mass)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 24 George Vanderbilt opens Biltmore estate, the largest privately owned house in America at 178,926 square feet (16,622.8 m2) in Asheville, North Carolina

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • Dec 28 Filmmakers the Lumiere brothers, hold the first commercial film screening at Salon Indien du Grand Café, Paris
  • Dec 29 Dr L S Jameson begins failed raid on Johannesburg

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 1 Henry Williamson, English author (d. 1977)
  • Dec 2 Klaas Voskuil, Dutch journalist, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1975)
  • Dec 2 Harriet Cohen, British pianist, born in London (d. 1967)
  • Dec 3 Anna Freud, Austrian-English psychoanalyst and daughter of Sigmund Freud, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1982)
  • Dec 4 Fritiof Nilsson Piraten, Swedish writer (Bombi Bitt Och Jag), born in Vollsjö, Sweden (d. 1972)
  • Dec 4 Fung Yu-lan, Chinese philosopher, born in Tanghe County, Henan, Qing Dynasty (d. 1990)
  • Dec 5 Henriëtte Bosmans, Dutch pianist and composer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1952)
  • Dec 5 Elbert Frank Cox, African-American mathematician (first African-American to receive PhD in Mathematics), born in Evansville, Indiana (d. 1969)
  • Dec 7 Jack Pennick, American actor (Lady From Louisiana), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1964)
  • Dec 9 Conchita Supervía, Spanish opera singer, born in Barcelona (d. 1936)
  • Dec 11 Eddie Dowling, American actor (Rainbow Man, Anywhere USA), born in Woonsocket, Rhode Island (d. 1976)
  • Dec 14 Paul Éluard, French communist and poet, born in Saint-Denis, France (d. 1952)

Person of interestGeorge VI

Dec 14 George VI, King of the United Kingdom (1936-52), born in Norfolk, England (d. 1952)

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • Dec 16 Lidj Jasu, emperor of Ethiopia
  • Dec 17 Gerald Patterson, Australian tennis player (Wimbledon 1919, 21; Australian C'ships 1927), born in Melbourne, Victoria (d. 1967)
  • Dec 19 Ingeborg Refling-Hagen, Norwegian author/poet (Loke Saar Havre)
  • Dec 19 Maurice Roelants, Flemish novelist and poet (Komen en gaan, Prayer for a Good End), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1966)
  • Dec 20 Susanne Langer, American philosopher & educator (Philosophy in a New Key), born in Manhattan, New York City
  • Dec 21 Paul Hoffer, German composer, born in Barmen, Germany (d. 1949)
  • Dec 24 E. Roland Harriman, American financier, born in NYC, New York (d. 1978)
  • Dec 27 Sig Arno [Siegfried Aron], German-Jewish actor (Holiday in Havana, My Friend Irma), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • Dec 30 August De Boodt, Belgian politician

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 19 Poet Robert Frost (21) weds Elinor Miriam White in Lawrence, Massachusetts


Famous Deaths

  • Dec 13 Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist (b. 1800)
  • Dec 25 Raul Pompeia, Brazilian writer (O Ateneu), dies at 32
  • Dec 30 LP Hartley, British writer, dies