On This Day

What Happened in January 1895

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Norway adopts Mid-European time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Aguinaldo became a Freemason, joining Pilar Lodge No. 203, Imus, Cavite

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Jan 5 Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London
  • Jan 5 Victor Trumper makes first-class debut for NSW 17 yrs 64 days
  • Jan 5 French Captain Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later exonerated
  • Jan 12 The National Trust is founded in Britain.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband" premieres in London

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • Jan 15 Australian cricket spin bowler Albert Trott takes 8-43 on debut to end England's 2nd innings at 143 in 3rd Test in Adelaide; Australia wins by 382 in 4 days
  • Jan 15 French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15 Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres, St Petersburg (1/27 NS)

  • Jan 17 French president Casimir-Perier resigns; Félix Faure installed.
  • Jan 22 National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati
  • Jan 25 New Haven Symphony Orchestra of Connecticut performs its first concert
  • Jan 29 King Koko's Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100's killed
  • Jan 30 C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
  • Jan 30 SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
  • Jan 30 Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
  • Jan 31 Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestJ. Edgar Hoover

Jan 1 J. Edgar Hoover, first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1924-72), born in Washington, D.C.

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Jan 1 Nathaniel Shilkret, American conductor, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 2 Count Folke Bernadotte, Swedish statesman (Red Cross, UN)
  • Jan 3 Boris Mykolayovich Lyatoshyns'ky, Ukrainian composer and the father of modern Ukrainian music, born in Zhytomyr, Russian Empire (d. 1968)
  • Jan 3 Mihail Andricu, composer
  • Jan 4 Lourens G M Baas Becking, Dutch botanist/resistance fighter
  • Jan 4 Leroy Grumman, American industrialist (d. 1982)
  • Jan 5 Jeannette Piccard, American high-altitude balloonist & Episcopal priest, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1981)
  • Jan 5 Elizabeth Cotten, American musician, born in Chapel Hill, North Carolina (d. 1987)
  • Jan 7 Marie-Dominique Chenu, French Roman Catholic theologist. born in Soisy-sur-Seine, Essonne (d. 1990)
  • Jan 7 Clara Haskil, Romanian pianist, born in Bucharest (d. 1960)
  • Jan 7 Sir Hudson Fysh, Australian aviator and co-founder of QANTAS, born in Launceston, Tasmania (d. 1974)
  • Jan 13 Anton Betzner, German writer, born in Cologne (d. 1976)
  • Jan 13 Fortunio Bonanova, Palma de Mallorca Spain, opera singer
  • Jan 14 George Richard Samways, English children's writer, born in Hampshire, England (d. 1996)
  • Jan 15 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • Jan 16 Nat Schachner, American author (d. 1955)
  • Jan 20 Roscoe Ates, American actor (Freaks, Cimarron, Marshal of Gunsight Pass), born in Grange, Mississippi (d. 1962)
  • Jan 20 Eva Jessye, American singer, actress, songwriter (Hallelujah) and 1st black woman to receive international distinction as a choral conductor, born in Coffeyville, Kansas (d. 1992)
  • Jan 21 Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier (d. 1972)
  • Jan 24 Albin Zollinger, Swiss poet/author (Der Halbe Mensch)
  • Jan 24 Eugen Roth, German poet, born in Munich (d. 1976)
  • Jan 27 Claudio Carneyro, composer
  • Jan 27 Joseph Rosenstock, conductor (Nippon Phil Orch 1936-41), born in Kraków, Poland
  • Jan 27 Harry Ruby [Harry Rubenstein], American composer and screen writer, born NYC, New York
  • Jan 29 Muna Lee, American poet (d. 1965)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 James Merritt Ives, American lithographer and businessman (Currier and Ives), dies at 70
  • Jan 4 Manuel Pavía y Rodríguez de Alburquerque, Spanish general, dies at 66
  • Jan 9 Aaron Lufkin Dennison, American watch manufacturer (b. 1812)
  • Jan 10 Benjamin Louis Paul Godard, composer, dies at 45
  • Jan 22 Edward Solomon, English composer, dies at 39
  • Jan 24 Lord Randolph Churchill, British politician (b. 1849)
  • Jan 26 Arthur Cayley, mathematician, dies
  • Jan 28 François Certain Canrobert, French marshal and parliament member, dies at 85