On This Day

What Happened in January 1895

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Norway adopts Mid-European time

Historic Event

Jan 1 Aguinaldo became a Freemason, joining Pilar Lodge No. 203, Imus, Cavite

  • Jan 5 Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London

Sports History

Jan 5 Victor Trumper makes first-class debut for NSW 17 yrs 64 days

Historic Event

Jan 5 French Captain Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later exonerated

  • Jan 12 The National Trust is founded in Britain.

Historic Event

Jan 13 Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband" premieres in London

  • Jan 15 Australian cricket spin bowler Albert Trott takes 8-43 on debut to end England's 2nd innings at 143 in 3rd Test in Adelaide; Australia wins by 382 in 4 days
  • Jan 15 French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar
  • Jan 17 French president Casimir-Perier resigns; Félix Faure installed.
  • Jan 22 National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati
  • Jan 25 New Haven Symphony Orchestra of Connecticut performs its first concert
  • Jan 26 Alexander Gretchaninov's 1st Symphony premieres in Saint Petersburg, Russia, with Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov conducting

Music History

Jan 27 Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov's revival of Pyotr Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres in St. Petersburg

  • Jan 29 King Koko's Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100's killed
  • Jan 30 C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
  • Jan 30 SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
  • Jan 30 Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
  • Jan 31 Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba

Famous Birthdays

J. Edgar Hoover

Jan 1 J. Edgar Hoover, first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1924-72), born in Washington, D.C.

  • Jan 1 Nathaniel Shilkret, American conductor, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 2 Count Folke Bernadotte, Swedish statesman (Red Cross, UN)
  • Jan 3 Borys Lyatoshynsky, Ukrainian composer, conductor, teacher, known as the father of modern Ukrainian music, born in Zhytomyr, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1968)
  • Jan 4 Lourens G M Baas Becking, Dutch botanist/resistance fighter
  • Jan 4 Leroy Grumman, American industrialist (d. 1982)
  • Jan 5 Jeannette Piccard, American high-altitude balloonist & Episcopal priest, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1981)
  • Jan 5 Elizabeth Cotten, American folk and blues guitarist and songwriter ("Freight Train"), born in Carrboro, North Carolina (d. 1987)
  • Jan 6 Tom Fadden, American stage and screen character actor (It's a Wonderful Life; Broken Arrow; Cimarron City), born in Bayard, Iowa (d. 1980)
  • Jan 7 Marie-Dominique Chenu, French Roman Catholic theologist, born in Soisy-sur-Seine, Essonne (d. 1990)
  • Jan 7 Clara Haskil, Romanian pianist, born in Bucharest (d. 1960)
  • Jan 7 Sir Hudson Fysh, Australian aviator and co-founder of QANTAS, born in Launceston, Tasmania (d. 1974)
  • Jan 11 Laurens Hammond, American engineer and musical instrument inventor (Hammond organ), born in Evanston, Illinois (d.1973)
  • Jan 13 Anton Betzner, German writer, born in Cologne (d. 1976)
  • Jan 13 Fortunio Bonanova, Palma de Mallorca Spain, opera singer
  • Jan 14 George Richard Samways, English children's writer, born in Hampshire, England (d. 1996)
  • Jan 15 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • Jan 16 Nat Schachner, American author (d. 1955)
  • Jan 18 Virginia Valli [McSweeney], American (mostly silent) film actress (Wild Oranges; Pleasure Garden), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1968)
  • Jan 20 Roscoe Ates, American actor (Freaks, Cimarron, Marshal of Gunsight Pass), born in Grange, Mississippi (d. 1962)
  • Jan 20 Eva Jessye, American singer, actress, songwriter (Hallelujah) and 1st black woman to receive international distinction as a choral conductor, born in Coffeyville, Kansas (d. 1992)
  • Jan 21 Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier 'The Master', born in Getaria, Spain (d. 1972)
  • Jan 24 Albin Zollinger, Swiss poet/author (Der Halbe Mensch)
  • Jan 24 Eugen Roth, German poet, born in Munich (d. 1976)
  • Jan 27 Cláudio Carneyro, Portuguese violinist, composer, and educator, born in Porto, Portugal (d. 1963)
  • Jan 27 Joseph Rosenstock, conductor (Nippon Phil Orch 1936-41), born in Kraków, Poland
  • Jan 27 Harry Ruby [Harry Rubenstein], American composer and screenwriter, born in NYC, New York (d. 1974)
  • Jan 29 Muna Lee, American poet and activist, born in Raymond, Mississippi (d. 1965)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 James Merritt Ives, American lithographer and businessman (Currier and Ives), dies at 70
  • Jan 4 Manuel Pavía y Rodríguez de Alburquerque, Spanish general, dies at 66
  • Jan 9 Aaron Lufkin Dennison, American watch manufacturer (b. 1812)
  • Jan 10 Benjamin Louis Paul Godard, composer, dies at 45
  • Jan 22 Edward Solomon, English composer, dies at 39
  • Jan 24 Lord Randolph Churchill, British politician, dies at 45
  • Jan 26 Arthur Cayley, mathematician, dies
  • Jan 28 François Certain Canrobert, French marshal and parliament member, dies at 85