On This Day

What Happened in December 1896

Historical Events

  • Dec 1 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Dec 2 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Die versunkene Glocke" premieres in Berlin

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Dec 5 Henrik Ibsen's "Kejsor og Galileer" premieres in Leipzig
  • Dec 6 D T Suzuki found the awakening at Engakuji temple, in Kamakura
  • Dec 10 Alfred Jarry's "Ubu Roi" premieres in Paris

Marconi's Dream: Telegraphy Without WiresMarconi's Dream: Telegraphy Without Wires

Dec 11 Chief Electrical Engineer of the British Post Office, William Preece, gives a public lecture in London called "Telegraphy without Wires", praising the work of 22 year old Guglielmo Marconi
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Marconi with his telegraphic box of tricks
Marconi with his telegraphic box of tricks
  • Dec 14 The Glasgow Underground Railway is opened by the Glasgow District Subway Company

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 25 "Stars & Stripes Forever" written by John Philip Sousa

  • Dec 30 Stanley Cup, Granite Rink, Winnipeg, Manitoba: Ernie McLea scores a hat-trick as Montreal Victorias beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-5; first SC Challenge game played outside of Montreal

BattleExecution

Dec 30 Filipino nationalist José Rizal is executed by firing squad in Manila by the Spanish

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 1 Petko Staynov, composer

Person of interestGeorgy Zhukov

Dec 1 Georgy Zhukov, Russian deputy commander-in-chief of the Red Army during WWII (Battles of Stalingrad, Kursk and Berlin) and Minister of Defense, born in Strelkovka, Kaluga (d. 1974)

Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Georgy Zhukov
  • Dec 3 Bolesław Szabelski, Polish organist and composer, born in Radoryż (d. 1979)
  • Dec 3 John Urzidil, Austrian-American writer (Die erbeuteten Frauen), born in Prague (d. 1970)
  • Dec 4 Nikolai Tichonov, Russian writer (against Pasternak), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • Dec 4 Larry Stock, American singer-songwriter (Blueberry Hill), born in NYC, New York (d. 1984)
  • Dec 5 Lady Huxley [Marie Juliette Baillot], Swiss sculptor and author, born in Auvernier, Switzerland (d. 1994)
  • Dec 5 Willem Frederik Meinhardt Lampe, Dutch ambassador of the Dutch Antilles, born in Netherlands Antilles (d. 1973)
  • Dec 6 Arnold Foster, English composer, born in Sheffield, England (d. 1963)
  • Dec 6 George Trafton, American NFL center (Chicago Bears), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1971)
  • Dec 6 Ira Gershwin, American lyricist ('S Wonderful, I Got Rhythm), born in NYC, New York (d. 1983)
  • Dec 7 Juan María Thomas Sabater, Spanish composer, born in Palma de Mallorca, Spain (d. 1966)
  • Dec 12 Eslanda Goode, American anthropology, civil rights activist and actor under Paul Robeson, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1965)

Person of interestJimmy Doolittle

Dec 14 James Doolittle, USAF General who conducted the raid on Tokyo in 1942, born in Alameda, California (d. 1993)

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • Dec 15 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Czech-American bio-chemist (Nobel 1947-discovery of how glycogen (animal starch) – a derivative of glucose – is broken down and resynthesized in the body, for use as a store and source of energy), born in Prague (d. 1984)
  • Dec 15 George Cressey, American geographer (Asia's Lands & Peoples), born in Tiffin, Ohio (d. 1963)
  • Dec 15 Margaret Bannerman, Canadian actress (Elopement), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1976)
  • Dec 15 Paul Citroen, Dutch sculptor, born in Berlin (d. 1983)
  • Dec 15 Betty Smith, American novelist (A Tree Grows in Brooklyn), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1972)

Person of interestMiles Dempsey

Dec 15 Miles Dempsey, British WWII general (XIII Corps, Second Army), born in New Brighton, Cheshire (d. 1969)

British WWII General Miles Dempsey
British WWII General
Miles Dempsey
  • Dec 19 John Seldon Whale, theologian
  • Dec 21 Carl Romme, Dutch catholic foreman/KVP-min Socialist Business, born in Oirschot, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • Dec 21 Constantine Rokossovski, Russian marshal/vice-premier of Poland, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1968)
  • Dec 21 Leroy Robertson, American composer & music educator, born in Fountain Green, Utah (d. 1971)
  • Dec 22 Nikolay Semyonovich Tikhonov, Russian poet, born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • Dec 23 Alberto Hemsi, composer
  • Dec 23 Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Sicilian writer (Der Leopard)
  • Dec 27 Arch Ward, sportswriter (proposed baseball's all-star game)
  • Dec 27 Carl Zuckmayer, German/Swiss/US playwright
  • Dec 27 Ewan Calague, economist/statistician (Social Security Board)
  • Dec 27 Louis Bromfield, Mansfield Ohio, writer (Early Autumn, Pulitzer-1926)
  • Dec 28 Roger Huntington Sessions, composer (Black Masks), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Dec 29 David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican social realist painter & muralist (Lib of Chile), born in Chihuahua, Mexico (d. 1974)
  • Dec 30 Tom Keene, American actor (Our Daily Bread), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1963)
  • Dec 31 Ronald Adam, British actor (Lost Horizon, The Prisoner of Zenda, Phantom Shot), born in Herefordshire, England (d. 1958)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 30 Filipino Nationalist Jose Rizal (35) weds girlfriend Josephine Bracken (20) before his execution in Fort Santiago, Manila

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 8 Ernst Engel, German statistician and economist (Law of Engel), dies at 75

Person of interestAlfred Nobel

Dec 10 Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist who invented dynamite and founded the Nobel Prize ceremony on this date, dies at 63

Chemist, Engineer & Innovator Alfred Nobel
Chemist, Engineer & Innovator
Alfred Nobel
  • Dec 15 John GR Acquoy, Dutch theologist/church historian, dies at 67
  • Dec 26 Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physiologist, co-discoverer of nerve action potential and founder of modern electrophysiology, dies at 78
  • Dec 27 John Brown, British manufacturer (b. 1816)

BattleJose Rizal

Dec 30 Jose Protacio Rizal, Filipino nationalist and novelist ('Noli Me Tángere', 'El Filibusterismo') is executed by firing squad at 35

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • Dec 31 Leland Hone, Irish cricketer (scored 7 & 6 in only England Test 1879), dies