On This Day

What Happened in February 1896

Historical Events

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 1 Giacomo Puccini's Opera "La Boheme" premieres in Turin

Composer Giacomo Puccini
Giacomo Puccini
  • Feb 8 Georges Feydeau's "Le Dindon" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 8 Western Conference forms of Midwestern U, later renamed Big 10 Conf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 11 Oscar Wilde's "Salome" premieres in Paris

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • Feb 14 George Lohmann takes a hat-trick for England v South Africa, 8-7 for inning - their lowest ever
  • Feb 14 Stanley Cup, Victoria Skating Rink, Montreal, Quebec: Winnipeg Victorias beat Montreal Victorias, 2-0
  • Feb 14 Austro-Hungarian Zionist Theodor Herzl publishes "Der Judenstaat" (The Jewish State), encouraging Jews to purchase land in Palestine
  • Feb 14 Theodor Hertzl's "Der Judenstaat" (The Jewish State) is published, proposing a Jewish homeland as a means of escaping anti-Semitism in Europe
  • Feb 17 Muzzling Order on the London County Council enforced
  • Feb 18 Cave of Winds at Niagara Falls goes almost dry for first time in 50 yrs
  • Feb 23 Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield
  • Feb 24 Victoria all out for 43 vs South Australia, Jones 6-15, Jarvis 4-27
  • Feb 25 Italian government decides to attack governor Baratieri of Eritrea
  • Feb 28 France dismisses Queen Ranavalona of Madagascar

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Anastasio Somoza García [Tacho], General, dictator and President of Nicaragua (1937-56), born in San Marcos, Nicaragua (d. 1956)
  • Feb 1 Frank Lane, American MLB executive (GM Chicago WS, St. Louis Cardinals, Cleveland Indians, KC Athletics, Milwaukee Brewers), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1981)
  • Feb 2 Kazimierz Kuratowski, Polish mathematician and logician (d. 1980)
  • Feb 3 Johannes Urzidil, writer
  • Feb 4 Friedrich Glauser, writer
  • Feb 4 Friedrich Hund, German physicist (d. 1997)
  • Feb 7 Harold Hoffman, (Gov-NJ), born in South Amboy, New Jersey
  • Feb 7 Jacob Paludan, Danish pharmacist/writer (Jorgen Stein)
  • Feb 8 Orville Caldwell, American actor (Patsy, French Doll, Last Warning), born in Oakland, California (d. 1967)
  • Feb 14 Edward Arthur Milne, English astrophysicist (kinematic relativity), born in Yorkshire, England (d. 1950)
  • Feb 15 Arthur Shields, Irish actor (River, Enchanted Island), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1970)
  • Feb 16 Alexander Brailowsky, Russian pianist (Chopin)

Person of interestAndré Breton

Feb 18 André Breton, French writer and poet, founder of Surrealism, born in Tinchebray, France (d. 1966)

Writer and Surrealist André Breton
Writer and Surrealist
André Breton
  • Feb 20 Henri de Lubac sj, French theologist/anti-fascist
  • Feb 21 Sylvain Poons, Dutch cabaret performer (Blue Jackets)
  • Feb 22 Edvin Wide, Swedish 10K runner (Olympic silver 1924)
  • Feb 22 Enid Markey, American actress, 1st to play Tarzan's Jane, born in Dillon, Colorado (d. 1981)
  • Feb 22 Nacio Herb Brown, American composer (Singin' In The Rain), born in Deming, New Mexico (d. 1964)
  • Feb 22 Paul Van Ostaijen, Flemish poet/writer/critic (Occupied City)
  • Feb 24 Richard Thorpe, American director (Jailhouse Rock), born in Hutchinson, Kansas (d. 1991)
  • Feb 25 John Little McClellan, Sheridan Arkansas, American lawyer and politician (Sen-D-Ark)
  • Feb 26 Andrei A. Zjdanov, Russian politician (against kosmopolitism)
  • Feb 26 Eduard Flipse, Dutch conductor and composer
  • Feb 28 Philip Showalter Hench, American physician (Nobel Prize 1950 for cortisone), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1965)
  • Feb 29 Omer Tulippe, Belgian geographer
  • Feb 29 Morarji Desai, Indian politician and activist, 4th Prime Minister of India (1977-79), born in Bhadeli, British India (d. 1995)
  • Feb 29 Stanley Swash, CEO (Woolworths)
  • Feb 29 William A. Wellman, American film director (Star is Born 1937), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 1975)
  • Feb 29 Wladimir Rudolfovich Vogel, Swiss composer, born in Zurich (d. 1984)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 3 Jane Wilde, Irish poet, nationalist and mother of Oscar Wilde, dies at 74
  • Feb 4 Henry David Leslie, composer, dies at 73
  • Feb 6 Abraham Czn van Stolk, Dutch art collector, dies at 82
  • Feb 12 Ambrose Thomas, French opera composer (Mignon), and music professor, dies at 84
  • Feb 12 Isaac Murphy, American jockey, 628 wins on 1,412 mounts (44.5%), dies at 35
  • Feb 13 Carl Martin Reinthaler, German composer, dies at 73
  • Feb 15 E J Nicholson, writer, dies
  • Feb 26 Arsène Houssaye, French novelist and poet, dies at 80