On This Day

What Happened in August 1897

Historical Events

  • Aug 3 John McNally's musical "Good Mr Best" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 4 Henry A Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia
  • Aug 10 German chemist Felix Hoffman first synthesizes acetylsalicylic acid, which would later be patened by his company Bayer under the name "aspirin"
  • Aug 10 Automobile Club of Great Britain established (now: Royal Automobile Club)
  • Aug 14 The town of Anosimena is captured by French troops from Menabe defenders in Madagascar.
  • Aug 17 W B Purvis patents electric railway switch (aka points)
  • Aug 19 1st electric taxis drive in London
  • Aug 21 Oldsmobile first manufactured by Olds Motor Vehicle Co. in Lansing, Michigan
  • Aug 23 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Defending champion Robert Wrenn beats Wilberforce Eaves 4-6, 8-6, 6-3, 2-6, 6-2 for his 4th US singles title
  • Aug 27 Roger Bresnahan debuts as Washington Senator pitcher (later HOF catcher)
  • Aug 30 The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 31 British General Kitchener's army occupies Berber, North of Khartoum

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener

InventionHistoric Invention

Aug 31 Thomas Edison patents the Kinetoscope [kinetographic camera], a device which produces moving pictures

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 2 Karl Otto Koch, German SS-officer, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1945)
  • Aug 2 Max Weber, Swiss Federal Councilor, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1974)
  • Aug 4 Joseph Calleia, Maltese-American actor (Jungle Book, Gilda, Touch of Evil), born in Mdina, Malta (d. 1975)
  • Aug 5 Aksel Larsen, Danish politician (d. 1972)
  • Aug 7 Franz J Weinrich, [Heinrich Lerse], German writer (Himmlisches)
  • Aug 9 Ralph Wyckoff, American scientist and pioneer of X-ray crystallography, born in Geneva, New York (d. 1994)
  • Aug 10 Edward Gourdin, American long jumper (Olympic silver 1924) and jurist, born in Jacksonville, Florida (d. 1966)
  • Aug 10 Piet[er O] Bakker, Dutch novelist (Ciske the Rat)
  • Aug 10 John Galbreath, American businessman (d. 1988)
  • Aug 11 Louise Bogan, Maine, writer (Sleeping Fury)

Person of interestEnid Blyton

Aug 11 Enid Blyton, English children's writer, fifth most popular author in the world (Famous Five, Secret Seven, The Adventure), born in London, England (d. 1968)

Children's writer Enid Blyton
Children's writer
Enid Blyton
  • Aug 12 Manuel Blancafort, composer
  • Aug 12 Otto (von) Struve, German/US dir (Yerkes/MacDonald observatory)
  • Aug 12 Ramon Gonzalez Barron, composer
  • Aug 15 Marion Eugene Bauer, American composer, born in Walla Walla, Washington (d. 1955)
  • Aug 16 Robert Ringling, circus master, born in Baraboo, Sauk County, Wisconsin (d. 1950)
  • Aug 16 Vicente Ascone, Italian composer, born in Siderno, Italy (d. 1979)
  • Aug 20 Tarjei Vesaas, Norwegian poet and author (Det Store Spelet), born in Vinje, Telemark, Norway (d. 1970)
  • Aug 22 Bill Woodfull, Australian cricketer (Australian captain in the Bodyline series), born in Maldon, Australia (d. 1965)
  • Aug 22 Elizabeth Bergner, Austrian actress (Catherine the Great), born in Drohobycz, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1986)
  • Aug 24 Fred Rose, American songwriter and music publishing executive, born in Evansville, Indiana (d. 1954)
  • Aug 25 Jaroslav Řídký, Czech composer, born in Reichenberg, Czech Republic (d. 1956)
  • Aug 26 Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (d. 1990)
  • Aug 27 Ad van Emmenes, Dutch soccer reporter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1989)
  • Aug 28 Morris Ankrum, American actor (Kronos, Half Human, Earth vs Flying Saucers), born in Danville, Illinois (d. 1964)

Person of interestFredric March

Aug 31 Fredric March, American actor (Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, The Best Years of Our Lives), born in Racine, Wisconsin (d. 1975)

  • Aug 31 Marianne Bruns, German writer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1994)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 8 Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss cultural historian, dies at 79
  • Aug 9 Samuel McGowan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 77
  • Aug 13 Antonius von der Linde, Neth/German librarian, dies at 63