On This Day

What Happened in January 1897

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0

Music Premiere

Jan 7 Teatro Amazonas in Manaus, Brazil, holds its first performance with tenor Enrico Caruso performing

  • Jan 8 Michael Eagan wins 1st US national amateur handball championship

Theater Premiere

Jan 10 Henrik Ibsen's play "John Gabriel Borkman" premieres in Helsingfors

Music History

Jan 10 Vincent d'Indy's "Istar" premieres in Amsterdam & Brussels

  • Jan 10 Ukrainian bacteriologist Wademar Haffkine performs the first human trial for a vaccine for the plague on himself during the Bombay epidemic
  • Jan 11 M H Cannon becomes 1st woman state senator in US (Utah)
  • Jan 14 6,960 m (22,834 ft) Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 1st climbed by European expedition led by British mountaineer Edward FitzGerald

Historic Event

Jan 16 John Dewey's essay "My Pedagogic Creed" appears in School Journal

  • Jan 23 Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. Resulting murder trial of her husband perhaps only case in US history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
  • Jan 26 Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe's army
  • Jan 27 British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Walter Greaza, American actor (Treasury Man, Martin Kane Private Eye), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 1973)
  • Jan 2 Jim Londos, Greek wrestler (d. 1975)
  • Jan 3 Marion Davies [Marion Cecelia Douras], American actress (Operator 13), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1961)
  • Jan 3 Pola Negri [Apolonia Chalupec], Polish-American stage and silent and sound screen actress (Forbidden Paradise; Madame Bovary), and singer, born in Lipno, Kingdom of Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1987)
  • Jan 5 Jack Wagner, American actor (The Razor's Edge, Under Two Flags, Jive Junction), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1965)
  • Jan 5 Theo Mackeben, German pianist & composer (Lady Fanny, Bel Ami), born in Starogard Gdański, Poland (d. 1953)
  • Jan 6 Billy Greene, American actor (Single Room Furnished, One Man's Family), born in NYC, New York (d. 1973)
  • Jan 8 Dennis Wheatley, British author (d. 1977)
  • Jan 9 Luis Gianneo, Argentine pianist, organist, conductor, composer, and teacher, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1968)
  • Jan 9 Karl Löwith, German philosopher, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1973)
  • Jan 10 Albert Moeschinger, Swiss composer, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1985)
  • Jan 10 (Vivian) "Sam" Chatmon, American Delta blues guitarist, banjo player, and singer (The Mississippi Sheiks), born in Bolton, Mississippi (d. 1983)
  • Jan 11 August Heissmeyer, German SS officer (d. 1979)
  • Jan 12 Hendrik J Valk, painter/cartoonist/graphic artist
  • Jan 14 Hasso von Manteuffel, German WWII general (5th Panzer Army) and politician, born in Potsdam, Germany (d. 1978)
  • Jan 15 Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (d. 1931)
  • Jan 16 Carlos Pellicer, Mexican poet, born in Villahermosa, Tabasco (d. 1977)
  • Jan 17 Nils Asther, Swedish actor (Bluebeard, Night Monster), born in Malmö, Sweden (d. 1981)
  • Jan 17 Marcel Petiot, French mass murderer (d. 1946)
  • Jan 19 Natacha Rambova, Salt Lake City UT, costume designer
  • Jan 19 René Victor, Flemish lawyer/knight (Rechtskundig Weekblad)
  • Jan 21 J. Carrol Naish, American actor (Charlie Chan-Adv of Charlie Chan), born in NYC, New York (d. 1973)
  • Jan 21 René Iché, French sculptor (d. 1954)
  • Jan 22 Josef Stanislav, Czech pianist and composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1971)
  • Jan 22 Rosa Ponselle [Ponzillo], American soprano opera diva ("Casta Diva"; La Forza del Destino - "Leonora"; Metropolitan Opera, 1918-37), born in Meriden, Connecticut (d. 1986)
  • Jan 22 "Blind" Willie Johnson, American gospel blues singer and guitarist ("Dark Was the Night, Cold Was the Ground"), born in Pendleton, Texas (d. 1945)
  • Jan 23 Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian politician & nationalist, born in Cuttack, British India (d. 1945)
  • Jan 23 William Stephenson, Canadian soldier & spymaster, born in Winnipeg, Canada (d. 1989)
  • Jan 23 Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2000)
  • Jan 28 Valentin Kataev, novelist/playwright (Embezzled), born in Odessa Ukraine (d. 1986)

Famous Deaths

Isaac Pitman

Jan 12 Isaac Pitman, English teacher and inventor of Pitman shorthand (Stenographic Soundhand), dies at 84

  • Jan 29 John E. Smith, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), dies at 80