On This Day

What Happened in March 1897

Historical Events


<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

Mar 4 William McKinley inaugurated as 25th US President

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
  • Mar 5 American Negro Academy forms
  • Mar 9 Premiere of (parts of) Gustav Mahler's 3rd Symphony (Berlin)
  • Mar 9 Cleveland Spiders sign Louis Sockalexis, full-blooded Penobscot
  • Mar 9 Cleveland Indians fans start calling the team "Indians" (in 1915 becomes official)
  • Mar 11 A meteorite enters the earth's atmosphere and explodes over New Martinsville, West Virginia. The debris causes damage but no human injuries are reported.
  • Mar 12 Vincent d'Indy's opera "Fervaal" premieres in Brussells
  • Mar 13 San Diego State University is founded.
  • Mar 15 1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden
  • Mar 17 British boxer Bob Fitzsimmons KOs American champion Jim Corbett in the 14th round to win World Heavyweight title in Carson City, Nevada
  • Mar 20 1st US orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary (RIETS) incorporates in NY

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Mar 20 France signs treaty with Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia

Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II
Emperor of Ethiopia
Menelik II
  • Mar 26 59th Grand National: Terry Kavanagh aboard 6/1 favourite Manifesto wins by 20 lengths from Filbert
  • Mar 29 Japan adopts Gold Standard

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 3 Jose Moreno Gans, composer
  • Mar 4 Francis "Lefty" O'Doul, baseball player/organized Japanese baseball
  • Mar 5 Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (d. 1960)

Person of interestSoong Mei-ling

Mar 5 Soong Mei-ling [Madame Chiang Kai-shek], Chinese political figure and First Lady of the Republic of China (1948-75), born in Shanghai (d. 2003)

Chinese Political Leader and First Lady of the Republic of China Soong Mei-ling
Chinese Political Leader and First Lady of the Republic of China
Soong Mei-ling
  • Mar 11 Henry Dixon Cowell, Menlo Park California, composer (New Musical Resources)
  • Mar 13 Marcel Thiry, Belgian writer and wallon militant, born in Charleroi, Belgium (d. 1977)
  • Mar 13 William Herald, Australian swimmer (Olympic-1920), born in Glebe, New South Wales (d. 1976)
  • Mar 15 Jackson Scholz, American runner (d. 1986)
  • Mar 16 Conrad Nagel, American actor (All That Heaven Allows, Celebrity Time), born in Keokuk, Iowa (d. 1970)
  • Mar 17 Jozef C. Mazur, American stained glass artist and painter (d. 1970)
  • Mar 19 Betty Compson, American actress (Big City, Docks Of New York), born in Beaver, Utah (d. 1974)
  • Mar 19 Liam O'Flaherty, Irish writer, born in Inishmore, Aran Islands (d. 1984)
  • Mar 24 Charles Eyck, Dutch painter/sculptor
  • Mar 24 Wilhelm Reich, Austrian-US psycho analysist (character analysis)
  • Mar 25 John Laurie, Scottish actor (Hamlet, The 39 Steps, Jericho, Island of Desire), born in Dumfries, Dumfriesshire, Scotland (d. 1980)
  • Mar 25 "Sweet" Emma Barrett, American Dixieland jazz pianist and singer, born in New Orleans, Louisiana ( d. 1983)
  • Mar 27 Douglas R. Hartree, English mathematician and physicist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1958)
  • Mar 27 Carlo Mierendorff, German politician and anti-fascist, born in Grossenhain , Germany (d. 1943)
  • Mar 28 Sepp Herberger, German football coach and manager (West German National Team), born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1977)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 9 Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier and pioneer of modern skiing, dies at 71
  • Mar 10 Teodulo Mabellini, Italian composer, dies at 79
  • Mar 11 Berthold Tours, Dutch-English composer, dies at 58
  • Mar 11 Henry Drummond, Scottish geologist, evangelist, dies at 45
  • Mar 19 Antoine T. d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), dies at 87
  • Mar 20 Apollon Maykov, Russian poet, dies at 76
  • Mar 27 Andreas Anagnostakis, Greek physician (b. 1826)