On This Day

What Happened in November 1897

Historical Events

  • Nov 1 Italian football club Juventus F.C. is founded by students in Turin as Sport-Club Juventus
  • Nov 23 American inventor Andrew Jackson Beard invents the "jerry coupler" to connect railroad cars
  • Nov 23 Portable pencil sharpener patented by American inventor John Lee Love
  • Nov 24 Canadian Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union forms in Kingston
  • Nov 25 Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy
  • Nov 29 1st motorcycle race in Surrey, England

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 1 Naomi Mitchison, Scottish author (African Heroes, Return to Fairy Hill), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1999)
  • Nov 2 Dennis King, English actor (Devil's Brother), born in Coventry, Warwickshire, England (d. 1971)
  • Nov 2 Jacob Bjerknes, Norwegian-American meteorologist (USAF in London), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1975)
  • Nov 3 Karel Salmon, Israeli composer, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1974)
  • Nov 3 Frederick Stratten Russell, English marine biologist (plankton life history and linked their depth in the seas to light availability helping explain long-term changes in the ecosystem), born in Bridport, Dorset, England (d. 1984)
  • Nov 4 Oscar Lorenzo Fernández, Brazilian conductor and composer (Imbapara), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1948)
  • Nov 6 Jack O'Connor, English cricket all-rounder (4 Tests, 1 x 50; Derbyshire CCC), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1977)
  • Nov 7 Ruth Pitter, British poet and 1st woman to receive the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry in 1955, born in Ilford, London (d. 1992)

Dorothy Day

Nov 8 Dorothy Day, American journalist, social activist and devout Catholic convert, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1980)

  • Nov 9 Ronald G W Norrish, British chemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1978)
  • Nov 11 Gordon Allport, American psychologist (personalities), born in Montezuma, Indiana (d. 1967)
  • Nov 12 Karl Marx, German composer and conductor
  • Nov 13 Gertrude Olmstead, American silent film actress, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1975)
  • Nov 14 John Steuart Curry, American painter/lithographer (Baptism in Kansas)
  • Nov 15 Sacheverell Sitwell, English author (People's Palace), born in Scarborough, England (d. 1988)
  • Nov 15 Aneurin Bevan, British politician (d. 1960)
  • Nov 16 Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (one of the earliest proponents of the creation of the state of Pakistan and recognized as the creator of the name “Pakistan” for a separate Muslim, homeland in South Asia and is known as the founder of the Pakistan National Movement), born in Garhshankar, Punjab, British India (d. 1951)
  • Nov 17 Eddie Baker, American actor (A Man About Town, Collars and Cuffs), born in Davis, West Virginia (d. 1968)
  • Nov 17 Frank Fay, American vaudeville comedian and actor (God's Gift to Women, Love Nest), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1961)
  • Nov 17 Sara Haden, American actress (A Family Affair), born in Galveston, Texas (d. 1981)
  • Nov 18 Jules Buffano, American composer and pianist (Jimmy Durante Show), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 1960)
  • Nov 18 Patrick Blackett, British physicist (Nobel 1948 - nuclear reaction), born in London (d. 1974)
  • Nov 19 Quentin Roosevelt, youngest son of United States President Theodore Roosevelt, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1918)
  • Nov 20 Lores Bonney, Australian aviator, 1st female solo flight Australia to UK, born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • Nov 20 Margaret Sutherland, Australian composer (Haunted Hills; The Young Kabbarli), born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 1984)
  • Nov 21 Mollie Steimer, American political prisoner and anarchist agitator, born in Dunaevtsy, Russia (d. 1980)
  • Nov 22 Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer, born in Chemnitz, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1989)
  • Nov 23 Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian writer (The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian), born in Kishoregunj, East Bengal, British India (d. 1999)
  • Nov 23 Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (executed for war crimes for conducting experiments on concentration camp inmates), born in Haag in Oberbayern, Germany (d. 1948)
  • Nov 27 Vito Genovese, Italian-American crime syndicate boss, born in Risigliano, Tufino, Italy (d. 1969)
  • Nov 28 Uno Chiyo, Japanese writer (Confessions of Love), born in Iwakuni (d. 1996)
  • Nov 29 Emiel van Hemeldonck, Belgian writer (Little Emperor)
  • Nov 30 Andreas Nezertis, composer
  • Nov 30 Quinto Maganini, American composer (The Argonauts), born in Fairfield, California (d. 1974)

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 6 Édouard Deldevez, French violinist and composer, dies at 80
  • Nov 9 Moritz Heuzenroeder, composer, dies at 48
  • Nov 10 Moritz Heuzenroeder, German pianist and composer who settled in Australia, dies at 47 [1]
  • Nov 15 John Mercer Langston, 1st African-American to hold US political office, dies at 67
  • Nov 17 George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (b. 1820)
  • Nov 19 William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (b. 1810).
  • Nov 30 Abraham Carel Wertheim, Dutch banker and philanthropist, dies at 64