What Happened in October 1897

Historical Events

Theater Premiere

Oct 4 George Bernard Shaw's play "Devil's Disciple" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 5 Swedish explorer Solomon August Andrée expedition to the North Pole reaches White Island

Appointment of Interest

Oct 8 Emperor Franz Joseph I names Gustav Mahler Director of the Vienna Court Opera

  • Oct 15 Aaron and Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch
  • Oct 15 King Leopold II takes Belgian crown
  • Oct 21 Yerkes Observatory of University of Chicago is dedicated
  • Oct 22 World's first car dealer opens in London

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 (William) "Bud" Abbott, American comedian (Abbott & Costello), born in Asbury Park, New Jersey (d. 1974)
  • Oct 3 Josephine "Mama Jo" Riley Matthews, African-American midwife (SC)
  • Oct 3 Louis Aragon, French poet and writer (Les Lettres françaises, Pour un réalisme socialiste), born in Paris, France (d. 1982)
  • Oct 6 Jerome Cowan, American actor (Blondie, Tab Hunter Show), born in NYC, New York (d. 1972)
  • Oct 8 Rouben Mamoulian, American movie director and author (The Mark of Zorro, Applause), born in Tbilisi, Georgia (d. 1987)
  • Oct 10 Lamar Stringfield, American composer, born in Raleigh, North Carolina (d. 1959)
  • Oct 11 Arvo Hannikainen, Finnish violinist and composer, born in Jyväskylä, Finland (d. 1942)
  • Oct 11 George Preston Marshall, American businessman and NFL team owner (Washington Redskins), born in Grafton, West Virginia (d. 1969)
  • Oct 11 Nathan Farragut Twining, U.S. Air Force general, born in Monroe, Wisconsin (d. 1982)
  • Oct 11 Russell Collins, American actor (Niagara, Close Up, Shockproof), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1965)
  • Oct 12 Inez Courtney, American stage and screen actress (The 13th Man; Crime Ring; The Raven), born in Amsterdam, New York (d. 1975)
  • Oct 16 Harrison Kerr, American composer, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1978)
  • Oct 16 Louis de Cazenave, France's oldest living man
  • Oct 18 Isabel Briggs Myers, American psychological theorist (d. 1980)
  • Oct 19 Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (d. 1994)
  • Oct 20 Yevsei Liberman, Ukrainian Soviet economist (Plan, profit, bonuses), born in Slavuta, Russia (d. 1983)
  • Oct 20 Yi Un of Korea, last crown prince of Korea, born at Deoksu Palace, Seoul (d. 1970)
  • Oct 24 Lazar Weiner, Russian-born American composer, born in Cherkasy, Russian Empire (d. 1982)
  • Oct 25 (Edmond) "Doc" Souchon, American jazz guitarist, music journal writer and editor, and New Orleans jazz historical preservationist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1968)
  • Oct 28 Edith Head, Hollywood costume designer (8 Oscars), born in San Bernardino, California (d. 1981)
  • Oct 28 Hans Speidel, German general and NATO-supreme commander (1957-64), born in Metzingen, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire (d. 1984)
  • Oct 29 Hope Emerson, American actress (I Married Joan, Peter Gunn), born in Hawarden, Iowa (d. 1960)

Joseph Goebbels

Oct 29 Joseph Goebbels, German politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany (1933-45), born in Rheydt, Germany (d. 1945)

  • Oct 30 Agustín Lara, Mexican composer and one of the most popular songwriters of his era (Granada, Solamente Una Vez), born in Tlacotalpan, Veracruz (d. 1970)
  • Oct 31 Pete Henry, American College/Pro Football HOF tackle (Washington & Jefferson; First-team All-Pro 1920–23, NFL C'ship 1922, 23; Canton Bulldogs), born in Mansfield, Ohio (d. 1952)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 8 Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter, dies at 67
  • Oct 8 Martin Pluddemann, German composer, dies at 43
  • Oct 9 John Heemskerk, Dutch politician (Minister of the Interior 1866-88), dies at 79
  • Oct 11 Léon Boëllmann, French organist and composer (Variations Symphoniques; Suite Gothique), dies at 35
  • Oct 17 Isidor Dannström, Swedish composer, dies at 84
  • Oct 19 George Pullman, American inventor and industrialist (b. 1831)
  • Oct 21 Paul Kuczynski, Polish composer, dies at 50
  • Oct 24 Francis Turner Palgrave, English poet (Golden Treasury), dies at 73
  • Oct 27 Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, granddaughter of George III, grandmother of Edward VIII and George VI and great-grandmother of Elizabeth II, dies at 63
  • Oct 28 Hercules Robinson, British colonial administrator (Ceylon, Fiji, New Zealand, South Africa), dies at 72