On This Day

What Happened in August 1898

Historical Events

  • Aug 8 Will Kellogg invents Corn Flakes

InventionHistoric Invention

Aug 9 Rudolf Diesel of Germany obtains patent #608,845 for his internal combustion engine, later known as the diesel engine

Mechanical Engineer Rudolf Diesel
Mechanical Engineer
Rudolf Diesel
  • Aug 12 Hawaii is formally annexed to US

Spain Declares War Against the United StatesSpain Declares War Against the United States

Aug 12 Peace protocol ends Spanish-American War, signed
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Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 13 US forces under Admiral George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish-American War

Admiral George Dewey
Admiral
George Dewey
  • Aug 16 Edwin Prescott patents roller coaster
  • Aug 22 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: Malcolm Whitman wins first of 3 straight US singles titles; beats Dwight F. Davis 3-6, 6-2, 6-2, 6-1
  • Aug 25 700 Greeks and 15 Englishmen are slaughtered by the Turks in Heraklion, Greece.
  • Aug 28 Caleb Bradham renames his carbonated soft drink "Pepsi-Cola".
  • Aug 29 The Goodyear tire company is founded.

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Morris Stoloff, American violinist (Picnic, Pal Joey), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1980)
  • Aug 3 Karl Kehrle, Benedictine monk and beekeeper, born in Mittelbiberach, Germany (d. 1996)
  • Aug 4 Ernesto Maserati, Italian auto racer and engineer (director, chief engineer Maserati of Modena), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1975)
  • Aug 8 Paul Belmondo, French sculptor (Bathing Woman, Orleans)
  • Aug 8 Alexis Minotis [Alexandros Minotakis], Greek actor (The Merchant of Venice, King Lear), born in Chania, Crete, Greece (d. 1990)
  • Aug 9 David de Jong, Dutch writer (Mutiny on the Canal)

Person of interestJack Haley

Aug 10 Jack Haley [John Joseph], American actor (The Wizard of Oz, Ford Star Revue), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1979)

Actor Jack Haley
Actor
Jack Haley
  • Aug 11 Arthur Leslie Noel Douglas Houghton, politician/trade unionist
  • Aug 12 Oscar Homolka, Hungarian actor (Sabotage, The Seven Year Itch, Ball of Fire, I Remember Mama), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1978)
  • Aug 13 Jean Borotra, French tennis player (Wimbledon 1924, 26), born in Biarritz, France (d. 1994)
  • Aug 13 Regis Toomey, American actor (Burke's Law, Petticoat Junction), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1991)
  • Aug 15 Lillian Carter, US President Jimmy Carter's (1977-1981) mom, born in Richland, Georgia (d. 1983)
  • Aug 15 Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (The Beetle), born in Zhmerynka, Ukraine (d. 1966)
  • Aug 17 Gerard Schmook, Flemish librarian/historian/custodian
  • Aug 20 Gerard Kraus, Dutch psychiatrist and director Santpoort (Insanity in Netherlands) (d. 1956)
  • Aug 20 Leopold Infeld, Polish nuclear physicist (Whom the God's Love), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1968)
  • Aug 20 Vilhelm Moberg, Swedish author (The Emigrants) and historian, born in Moshultamåla, Sweden (d. 1973)
  • Aug 22 Francine Larrimore, French actress (John Meade's Woman), born in Verdun, France (d. 1975)
  • Aug 24 Albert Claude, Belgian biologist and physician (Nobel 1974), born in Longlier, Belgium (d. 1983)
  • Aug 24 Malcolm Cowley, American author (Flowering of New England), born in Belsano, Pennsylvania (d. 1989)
  • Aug 25 Helmut Hasse, German mathematician, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1979)
  • Aug 25 Arthur Wood, English cricket wicketkeeper (4 Tests, 11 dismissals), born in Bradford, England (d. 1973)
  • Aug 26 Peggy Guggenheim, American art patron & collector, born in NYC, New York (d. 1979)
  • Aug 28 Ludwig Turek, German writer, born in Stendal, Germany (d. 1975)
  • Aug 29 Preston Sturges [Edmund Biden], American director and screenwriter (Sullivan's Travels), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1959)

Person of interestShirley Booth

Aug 30 Shirley Booth, American actress (Hazel), born in NYC, New York (d. 1992)

Actress Shirley Booth
Actress
Shirley Booth

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 8 Eugène Boudin, French painter (beach scenes), dies at 74
  • Aug 9 Gardner Quincy Colton, American lecturer who was the first to use nitrous oxide as an anesthetic in dentistry, dies at 84
  • Aug 17 Carl Johann Adam Zeller, Austrian composer, dies at 56
  • Aug 21 Niccolò van Westerhout, Italian composer, dies at 40
  • Aug 23 Joseph Robinson, Irish composer, dies at 82
  • Aug 27 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law) dies with three of his children in a mountaineering accident in the Pennine Alps, Switzerland at 49