On This Day

What Happened in September 1898

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 First forestry school in America opens at Biltmore Estate, North Carolina

Historic Event

Sep 1 Lord Kitchener's troops attack Omdurman, Sudan

  • Sep 2 Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain
  • Sep 2 Machine gun 1st used in battle
  • Sep 6 Lord Kitchener destroys Mahdi's tomb in Omdurman
  • Sep 9 Ottawa Football Club re-organizes into the Rough Riders
  • Sep 10 Lord Kitchener's ships sails from Khartoum to Fashoda in Sudan
  • Sep 10 Empress Elizabeth of Austria is assassinated by anarchists Luigi Lucheni
  • Sep 13 20,000 Paris construction workers go on strike
  • Sep 15 National Afro-American Council forms in Rochester NY
  • Sep 18 Lord Kitchener's ships reach Fashoda, Sudan
  • Sep 21 Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days' Reform in China, imprisoning the Guangxu Emperor
  • Sep 26 Victor Herbert and Harry Smith's operetta "The Fortune Teller" premieres at Wallack's Theater, New York City
  • Sep 29 Wassoulou Empire leader Samori Ture captured by French troops in West Africa ending his 20 year rule
  • Sep 30 City of NY established

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Marilyn Miller [Renolds], American actress (Sunny) and wife of Jack Pickford, born in Evansville, Indiana (d. 1936)
  • Sep 4 Charlie Cantor, American radio and television actor (The Fred Allen Show - "Socrates Mulligan"; The Jack Benny Program -"Logan Jerkfinkel"), born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1966)
  • Sep 5 Ebbe Hamerik, Danish composer, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1951)
  • Sep 8 Queenie Smith, American character actress and dancer (Funny Side; Little House On The Prairie), born in Texas (d. 1978)
  • Sep 9 Frankie Frisch, American Baseball HOF infielder (3 x MLB All-Star; 4 x World Series; NL MVP 1931; NY Giants, St.L Cardinals) and manager (St.L Cardinals, Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago Cubs), born in NYC, New York (d. 1973)
  • Sep 10 Bessie Love, American actress (Broadway Melody; Children of Damned), born in Midland, Texas (d. 1986)
  • Sep 10 Waldo Semon, American inventor (polyvinyl chloride), born in Demopolis, Alabama (d. 1999)
  • Sep 12 Ben Shahn, Lithuanian-American painter (1964 Arts & Letters), born in Kaunas, Lithuania (d. 1969)
  • Sep 12 Salvador Bacarisse, Spanish composer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1963)
  • Sep 14 Ernest Nash, German-American photographer and archaeologist, born in Nowawes, Germany (d. 1974)
  • Sep 15 John J. Slauerhoff, Dutch ship's doctor, writer and poet (El Dorado)
  • Sep 16 H. A. Rey, American children's author and creator of "Curious George", born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1977)
  • Sep 16 (Charles) "Chick" Bullock, American jazz and dance band vocalist (Chick Bullock and His Levee Loungers), born in Butte, Montana (d. 1981)
  • Sep 19 Giuseppe Saragat, 5th President of Italy (1964-71), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1988)
  • Sep 21 Tushar Kanti Ghosh, Indian journalist and world's oldest and longest serving newspaper editor
  • Sep 22 Katherine Alexander, American actress, born in Fort Smith, Arkansas (d. 1977)
  • Sep 24 Charlotte van Pallandt, Dutch sculptress, born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1997)

Howard Florey

Sep 24 Howard Florey, Australian pathologist and pharmacologist who purified penicillin (Nobel 1945), born in Adelaide, South Australia (d. 1968)

  • Sep 25 Robert Brackman, American artist, born in Odes'ka Oblast, Ukraine (d. 1980)

George Gershwin

Sep 26 George Gershwin [Jacob Gershvin], American composer (Rhapsody in Blue; "Embraceable You"; Summertime"), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1937)

  • Sep 27 Vincent Youmans, American composer and songwriter (Tea for Two), born in NYC, New York (d. 1946)
  • Sep 28 Carl Clauberg, Nazi concentration camp doctor (d. 1957)
  • Sep 29 Trofim Lysenko, Soviet biologist and agronomist, born in Karlovka, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1976)
  • Sep 30 Felix Kersten, Baltic-German Finnish masseuse (masseuse to Heinrich Himmler who helped save people from Nazi persecution), born in Tartu, Imperial Russia (d. 1960)
  • Sep 30 [Julius] Johannes Rontgen, German Dutch composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1932)
  • Sep 30 Renée Adorée [Jeanne de la Fontein], French actress (The Big Parade), born in Lille, Nord, France (d. 1933)
  • Sep 30 Princess Charlotte of Monaco, illegitimate daughter of Louis II and mother of Prince Rainier III born in Constantine, French Algeria (d. 1977)

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 2 Hubert Howard, British journalist (The Times), dies through friendly fire
  • Sep 2 Wilford Woodruff, fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1807)
  • Sep 5 Sarah Emma Evelyn Edmonds, disguised as man fought for union, dies
  • Sep 9 Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (b. 1842)
  • Sep 10 Elisabeth, Empress of Austria, and wife of Franz Joseph I, dies from a stab wound at 60
  • Sep 11 Adolphe-Abraham Samuel, Belgian composer, dies at 74
  • Sep 14 Paulus Adrianus Daum, Dutch writer, founder and editor (Batavian Newspaper), dies at 48
  • Sep 14 William Seward Burroughs, American inventor of the adding machine, dies at 43
  • Sep 16 Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat, dies at 71
  • Sep 20 Theodor Fontane, German author (Der Stechlin), dies at 78
  • Sep 25 Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet, French anthropologist who was the first to organize and classify Stone Age cultures into a chronological sequence of epochs, dies at 77
  • Sep 25 Hieronymus Theodor Richter, German mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium, dies at 73