On This Day

What Happened in April 1899

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 NC Mutual opens doors for business
  • Apr 4 South Africa all out 35 vs England (Trott 4-19, Haigh 6-11)
  • Apr 11 Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US
  • Apr 17 3rd Boston Marathon won by Lawrence Brignolia in 2:54:38
  • Apr 18 John McGraw, at 26, has his managerial debut as Oriole manager

Historic Event

Apr 18 St. Andrew's Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria

Appointment of Interest

Apr 20 David Beatty is appointed executive officer of the HMS Barfleur, a small battleship and flagship of the China Station

  • Apr 24 Transvaal British Uitlanders ask Queen Victoria for aid
  • Apr 27 Foundation of the Phonogrammarchiv of the Austrian Academy of Science, the world's first research sound archive (added to UNESCO's Memory of the World 1999) [1]

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (d. 1968)
  • Apr 1 Lida Durdikova, Czech children's author (Children with extinguished eyes) and publisher (Père Castor), born in Prague (d. 1955)
  • Apr 3 David Jack, English footballer (scored 267 goals from 521 appearances), born in Bolton, Lancashire, England (d. 1958)
  • Apr 4 William Brann, South African cricketer (South African batsman v England 1922-23), born in Port Elizabeth, Cape Province (d. 1953)
  • Apr 5 William Hornby Steer, Conservative Party politician and barrister (d. 1993)
  • Apr 7 Robert Casadesus, French concert pianist and composer (Symphony No. 7 - "Israel"), born in Paris (d. 1972)
  • Apr 9 James Smith McDonnell, American aviator and engineer, born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1980)

Percy Lavon Julian

Apr 11 Percy Lavon Julian, African American chemist who received 130 patents, pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs from plants, born in Montgomery, Alabama (d. 1975)

  • Apr 12 Chief Thundercloud [Victor Daniels], Cherokee actor (The Lone Ranger; Colt .45), born in Muskogee, Indian Territory (d. 1955)
  • Apr 13 Alexander Alexandrovich Davidenko, Soviet composer, born in Odessa (d. 1934)
  • Apr 13 Alfred Mosher Butts, American architect and game inventor (Scrabble), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 1993)
  • Apr 13 Alfred Schütz, Austrian-American architect and philosopher, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1959)
  • Apr 16 Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist, born in Bergaliszki (d. 1988)
  • Apr 17 Vincent Wigglesworth, British entomologist (Metamorphosis hormones), born in Kirkham, Lancashire, England (d. 1994)
  • Apr 19 George O'Brien, American actor (Sunrise: A Song of Two Human), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1985)
  • Apr 21 Clement D'Hooghe, Belgian composer, born in Temse, Belgium (d. 1951)
  • Apr 21 Randall Thompson, American composer (Trip to Nahant), born in NYC, New York (d. 1984)
  • Apr 22 Martyn Green, British actor (Gilbert & Sullivan, Iceman Cometh), born in London, England (d. 1975)

Vladimir Nabokov

Apr 22 Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-American novelist (Lolita, Ada), born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1977)

  • Apr 23 Minoru Shirota, Japanese microbiologist and fouder of the Yakult Honsha beverage company, born in Tatsuoka, Nagano (d. 1982)
  • Apr 24 Oscar Zariski, Russian mathematician (algebraic geometry), born in Kobrin, Russian Empire (d. 1986)
  • Apr 26 Guinn "Big Boy" Williams, American actor (Hoedown, Country Fair, Blackmail), born in Decatur, Texas (d. 1962)

Leo Diegel

Apr 27 Leo Diegel, American golfer (PGA C'ship 1928-29), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1951)

Duke Ellington

Apr 29 Edward "Duke" Ellington, American bandleader, composer and pianist ("Take the A Train"; "It Don't Mean A Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)"), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1974)

  • Apr 29 Yngve Sköld, Swedish composer, born in Vallby, Södermanland County, Sweden (d. 1992)
  • Apr 29 Natalie Talmadge, American actress (Our Hospitality), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1969)
  • Apr 30 Lucie Mannheim, German actress (East Meets West, 39 Steps), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1976)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 8 John Wesley Turner, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), dies at 65
  • Apr 16 Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary, dies at 23
  • Apr 17 Hans Balatka, Moravian-American conductor (Milwaukee Musikverein; Chicago Oratorio Society), author (Condensed History of Music), and composer, dies at 74
  • Apr 20 Joseph Wolf, German artist (b. 1820)
  • Apr 21 Heinrich Kiepert, German cartographer/geographer, dies at 80
  • Apr 22 Ned Gregory, Australian cricket batsman (1 Test; first recognised Test in 1877), dies at 59
  • Apr 23 Dandridge McRae, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 69