On This Day

What Happened in April 1900

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
  • Apr 2 1st edition of The Volk published (Amsterdam)
  • Apr 4 Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales, later British King Edward VII when shot by Jean-Baptiste Sipido in protest over Boer war
  • Apr 4 British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet
  • Apr 5 Attempted assassination of Edward Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Apr 6 James J. Jeffries KOs Jack Finnegan in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11 The first modern submarine designed and built by John Philip Holland is purchased by the U.S. Navy

  • Apr 12 The US Congress passes the Foraker Act, establishing Puerto Rico as an unincorporated territory (effective 1 May)
  • Apr 14 Veteran's Hospital at Ft Miley forms
  • Apr 15 Exposition Universelle (World's Fair) in Paris opens (till 12th Nov)
  • Apr 15 An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hrs
  • Apr 16 US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
  • Apr 16 4th Boston Marathon won by Canadian Jim Caffrey in race record 2:39:44.4
  • Apr 17 7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession
  • Apr 19 Highest scoring opening game, Phils beat Braves 19-17 in 10
  • Apr 23 1st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (NY Journal)
  • Apr 26 Newly renamed American League opener in Cleveland draws 6,500 (still as a minor league, was Western League)
  • Apr 30 The "Hawaiian Organic Act" is enacted by US Congress making Hawaii a US territory
  • Apr 30 165 lb English boxer Bob Fitzsimmons KOs 305 lb American Ed Dunkhost in round 2 of a lop-sided bout in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 30 Casey Jones dies heroically in a train wreck at Vaughn, Mississippi, while driving Cannonball Express (immortalized in"Ballad of Casey Jones")

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
  • Apr 1 Stefanie Clausen, Danish diver (Olympic gold 10m platform 1920), born in Vesterbro, Denmark (d. 1981)
  • Apr 2 Heinrich Besseler, German musicologist, born in Hörde, Germany (d. 1969)
  • Apr 2 Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (The Seven Madmen), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1942)
  • Apr 2 Alfred Strange, English soccer right half (20 caps, 3 as captain; Sheffield Wednesday, 253 games), born in Ripley, England (d. 1978)
  • Apr 3 Camille Chamoun, President of Lebanon (1952-58), born in Deir el Qamar, Ottoman Empire (d. 1987)

Person of interestSpencer Tracy

Apr 5 Spencer Tracy, American actor (Woman of the Year, Adam's Rib), born in Milwaukee (d. 1967)

  • Apr 6 Andres Sas, Belgian Peruvian composer, born in Paris (d. 1967)
  • Apr 6 Leo Robin, American writer (Thanks For the Memory)
  • Apr 7 Tebbs Lloyd Johnson, English race walker (Olympic bronze 50k 1952; oldest Olympic medal-winning athlete; 48 years and 115 days), born in Melton Mowbray, England (d. 1984)
  • Apr 9 Allen Jenkins, American actor (Hey Jeannie, Top Cop, Girl Habit), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1974)
  • Apr 10 Jean Duvieusart, 36th Prime Minister of Belgium, born in Les Bons Villers, Belgium (d. 1977)
  • Apr 11 Sándor Márai, Hungarian writer (A gyertyák csonkig égnek), born in Kassa, Hungary (d. 1989)
  • Apr 13 Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer, born in Agen, France (d. 1976)
  • Apr 14 Salvatore Baccaloni, Italian opera singer and actor (Merry Andrew, Rock-a-Bye Baby), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1969)
  • Apr 16 Polly Adler, Russian bordello proprieter and author (House is not a Home), born in Yanow, Russia (d. 1962)
  • Apr 19 Richard Hughes, English writer (Fiction as Truth), born in Weybridge, Surrey (d. 1976)
  • Apr 19 Roland Michener, 20th Governor General of Canada (1967-74), born in Lacombe, Alberta, Canada (d. 1991)
  • Apr 20 Fred Raymond, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1954)
  • Apr 20 Kees Verwey, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1995)
  • Apr 23 Harold French, British director and actor (The Cavalier of the Streets, Trio, Quartet), born in Lambeth, London (d. 1997)
  • Apr 23 Ary Verhaar, Dutch composer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • Apr 23 Henry Barraud, French composer, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1997)
  • Apr 23 Joseph Green, Polish-American filmmaker, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1996)
  • Apr 23 Jim Bottomley, American baseball player, born in Oglesby, Illinois (d. 1959)
  • Apr 25 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, 1st Baron Gladwyn, British politician and diplomat, born in Firbeck Hall, England (d. 1996)
  • Apr 25 Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss-American theoretical physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1958)
  • Apr 26 Charles F. Richter, American physicist and seismologist (developed the Richter scale for measuring earthquake magnitude), born in Overpeck, Ohio (d. 1985)
  • Apr 26 Hack Wilson, American Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder (MLB single season record 191 RBI 1930), born in Ellwood City, Pennsylvania (d. 1948)
  • Apr 27 Walter Lantz, American cartoonist (Woody Woodpecker's creator), born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 1994)
  • Apr 28 Bruno Apitz, German writer (Nackt unter Wölfen, born in Leipzig (d. 1979)
  • Apr 28 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud"), born in Franeker, Friesland (d. 1992)
  • Apr 28 Maurice Thorez, French politician and secretary-general (French Communist Party), born in Noyelles-Godault, Pas-de-Calais, France (d. 1964)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 4 Edward VII, King, assassinated
  • Apr 5 Comte de Villebois-Marevil, French/South African general, dies in battle
  • Apr 7 Frederick Edwin Church, American romantic landscape painter (Hudson River Sch), dies at 73
  • Apr 11 Seth Barton, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 70
  • Apr 20 Mebel Mercer, popular British singer, dies
  • Apr 20 Alexandre Falguière, French sculptor and painter, dies at 68
  • Apr 21 Heinrich Vogl, composer, dies at 55
  • Apr 24 George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll and Secretary of State for India (1868-74, 1880-85), dies at 76
  • Apr 24 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor and cable car pioneer, dies at 64
  • Apr 30 Casey Jones, American railroad engineer, dies at 36 heroically in Cannonball Express train wreck