On This Day

What Happened in August 1900

Historical Events

Historic Publication

Aug 1 The 1st Michelin Guide is published by the brothers Édouard and André Michelin as a hotel and restaurant reference guide to encourage more road travel and thus boost tire sales (exact date beyond Aug 1900 unknown)

Historic Event

Aug 3 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company founded

  • Aug 4 An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion
  • Aug 5 In Russia, anti-Jewish riots spread from Odessa into other parts of the country
  • Aug 7 Diamond workers in Amsterdam strike
  • Aug 8 1st International Lawn Tennis Challenge (precursor to Davis Cup) begins at Longwood Cricket Club in Massachusetts, won 3-0 by US over British Isles
  • Aug 9 1st International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Boston, MA: Dwight Davis & Holcombe Ward beat Ernest Black & Herbert Roper Barrett 6-4, 6-4, 6-4 to give US an unassailable 3-0 lead over British Isles
  • Aug 14 1st electric tram in Netherland (Leidseplein-Brouwersgracht)
  • Aug 15 The Boxer Rebellion: In China, the Empress, her family and court retainers flee while foreign troops move through Peking in an attempt to quell the rebellion
  • Aug 15 Russian troops advance further unto Manchuria
  • Aug 19 Start of first and only Olympic cricket match in Paris; GB beats France by 158 runs
  • Aug 20 Great Britain beats France by 158 runs in Paris; cricket's only appearance at an Olympic Games
  • Aug 20 Japan's primary school law is amended to provide for four years of mandatory schooling.
  • Aug 21 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: Malcolm Whitman beats William Larned 6-4, 1-6, 6-2, 6-2 to win his third straight US singles title
  • Aug 23 National Negro Business League organizes (Boston)
  • Aug 27 Gabriel Fauré's grand cantata "Prométhée" premieres at Arènes de Béziers, France; performance involved almost 800 singers and musicians (including two wind bands and 15 harps) and an audience of 10,000

Victory in Battle

Aug 27 Battle of Bergendal: General Buller defeats the Boer under general Louis Botha

  • Aug 29 Gaetano Bresci, the assassin of King Umberto I of Italy, is tried and sentenced to life imprisonment; he will commit suicide in jail on 22 May 1901
  • Aug 30 Last 2,000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt, South Africa, freed
  • Aug 31 British troops over run Johannesburg
  • Aug 31 Dodgers' Brickyard Kennedy walks 6 straight Phillies

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Otto Nothling, Australian rugby union player and cricketer (Test for Australia 1928, 52 runs aver 26), born in Witta, Queensland, Australia (d. 1965)
  • Aug 2 Helen Morgan [Riggins], American singer and actress (Applause, Show Boat), born in Danville, Illinois (d. 1941)
  • Aug 2 Marinus Adam, Dutch conductor and composer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • Aug 3 Arnold Struycken, Dutch lawyer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • Aug 3 Ernie Pyle, American journalist and war correspondent during WW II (Pulitzer Prize, 1944), born in Dana, Indiana (d. 1945)

John T. Scopes

Aug 3 John T. Scopes, American teacher convicted for teaching evolution (Scopes "monkey trial" 1925), born in Paducah, Kentucky (d. 1970)

  • Aug 4 Arturo Umberto Illia, President of Argentina (1963-66), born in Pergamino, Argentina (d. 1983)
  • Aug 4 Douglas L Mays, cartoonist (Punch)

Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother

Aug 4 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, British consort of King George VI and Queen Mother after his death, born in Hitchin, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2002)

  • Aug 5 Bodi Rapp [Johanna PAC Goetmakers], Dutch mezzo-soprano and teacher
  • Aug 6 Cecil H. Green, American geophysicist (d. 2003)
  • Aug 8 Josephine Holt Bay, 1st woman to head a firm on NY stock exchange
  • Aug 10 Arthur Porritt, New Zealand 100m sprinter (Olympic bronze 1924)
  • Aug 11 Alexander Mosolov, Soviet composer (Iron Foundry; Four Newspaper Advertisements; Signal), born in Kyiv, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1973)
  • Aug 11 Charles William Paddock, Texas, American athlete and 100m record breaker (Olympic-2 gold-1920) (d. 1943)
  • Aug 11 Philip Phillips, American archaeologist focusing on the Lower Mississippi Valley, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1994)
  • Aug 12 Jose Ignacio Prieto Arrizubieta, composer
  • Aug 15 Estelle Brody, American actress (Safari, Kitty, Plaything), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • Aug 16 Walter Kinsella, American actor (Martin Kane Private Eye), born in NYC, New York (d. 1975)
  • Aug 17 Quincy Howe, American newscaster (CBS Weekend News), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Aug 18 Walter O'Keefe, songwriter, radio and TV host (Mayor of Hollywood), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1983)
  • Aug 18 Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1964)

Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit

Aug 18 Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Indian diplomat and politician, born in Allahabad, India (d. 1990)

  • Aug 19 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
  • Aug 20 Murt [Edward James] O'Donoghue, New Zealand snooker player (1st witnessed 147 break), born in Te Aroha, New Zealand (d. 1994)
  • Aug 21 Eileen Percy, Irish silent film actress (Let's Go), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1973)
  • Aug 22 Sergei Ozhegov, Russian lexicographer (Russian Language Dictionary), born in Kuvshinovo, Tver Oblast, Russia (d. 1964)
  • Aug 23 Ernst Krenek, Austrian-American composer (Johnny Spielt Auf), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1991)
  • Aug 23 Malvina Reynolds, American folk singer and songwriter (Morningtown Ride), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1978)
  • Aug 24 Preston Foster, American actor (Waterfront, Gunslinger), born in Ocean City, New Jersey (d. 1970)
  • Aug 25 Mary Bruce, American tap dance teacher, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • Aug 25 Hans Krebs, German-British doctor and research biochemist specializing in metabolic reactions (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1953), born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1981) [1]
  • Aug 26 Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (rocket engines and gas turbines), born in Wedel, Germany (d. 1980)
  • Aug 27 Shalva Mikhailovich Taktakishvili, Russian composer, teacher, and conductor (Georgian State Orchestra, 1952-65), born in Kvemo-Khviti, Georgia (d. 1965)
  • Aug 29 Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building, Centre Pompidou), born in Altona, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1991)
  • Aug 30 Franklin Clark Fry, American minister (Lutheran World Relief), born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania (d. 1968)
  • Aug 31 Roland Culver, English actor (Thunderball, Encore), born in London, England (d. 1984)
  • Aug 31 Gino Lucetti, Italian anarchist, born in Carrara, Italy (d. 1943)

Famous Weddings

Edward L. Doheny

Aug 22 Oil tycoon Edward L. Doheny (44) weds Carrie Estelle Betzold in New Mexico Territory

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 4 Isaac Levitan, Russian classical painter, dies at 39
  • Aug 5 James Augustine Healy, African American Roman Catholic bishop, dies at 80
  • Aug 6 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German socialist (Social Democratic Party), dies at 74

Thomas Elkins

Aug 10 Thomas Elkins, African American abolitionist and inventor who held patents for a type of furniture called the chamber commode and the Refrigerating Apparatus, dies at around 82 [1]

  • Aug 12 James Edward Keeler, American astronomer (rings of Saturn), dies at 42
  • Aug 12 Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian World Chess Champion (1866-94), dies at 64

Collis P. Huntington

Aug 13 Collis P. Huntington, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Railroad), dies at 78

  • Aug 16 José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Portuguese writer, dies at 54
  • Aug 19 Jean-Baptiste Accolay, Belgian composer, dies at 67
  • Aug 25 Kuroda Kiyotaka, Japanese diplomat and politician (2nd Prime Minister of Japan, 1888-1889; President of the Privy Council, 1894-90), dies of a brain hemorrhage at 59

Friedrich Nietzsche

Aug 25 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Übermensch and the doctrine of eternal return), dies of a stroke due to syphilis at 55

  • Aug 28 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Women on University), dies at 62