On This Day

What Happened in July 1900

Historical Events

  • Jul 2 Sibelius' "Finlandia" premieres in Helsinki

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin

Sport awardWimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 3 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley-Hillyard beats rival and fellow Briton Charlotte Cooper 4-6, 6-4, 6-4

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 3 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: R.F. Doherty beats Sydney Smith 6-8, 6-3, 6-1, 6-2 for his 4th consecutive Wimbledon singles title
  • Jul 3 Trying to stem the growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia
  • Jul 3 The British evacuate Rustenburg and occupy Commando Nek and Silkaatsnek in the Anglo-Boer war
  • Jul 4 Williams Jennings Bryan nominated as Democratic Party presidential candidate, USA
  • Jul 5 Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber
  • Jul 7 Boston Beaneaters pitcher Kid Nichols notches his 300th career MLB victory with an 11-4 win over Chicago Orphans
  • Jul 8 1st night baseball, league game (Zanesville at Grand Rapids)
  • Jul 9 The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons
  • Jul 11 Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys and Lincolns
  • Jul 11 Charlotte Cooper beats Hélène Prévost to become the 1st female Olympic tennis champion and the 1st individual female Olympic champion in any sport
  • Jul 12 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
  • Jul 13 Phillies beat Pittsburgh 23-8
  • Jul 15 President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
  • Jul 16 A report appears in London that all foreigners in Peking, China, have been massacred. Although soon exposed as false, the report helps mobilize support for relief of foreigners
  • Jul 16 Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria
  • Jul 17 NY Giant Christy Mathewson begins career losing to Bkln Superbas
  • Jul 19 Michel Théato wins 2nd olympics marathon (2:59:45.0-40,260k)
  • Jul 21 Pope Leo XIII encyclical to Greek-Melkite rite
  • Jul 23 Pan-African Congress meets in London
  • Jul 23 The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada
  • Jul 24 Race riot in New Orleans, 2 white policemen killed
  • Jul 25 Gilbert Jessop hits his 2nd 100 before lunch in same cricket match
  • Jul 28 Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
  • Jul 29 In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci
  • Jul 30 British Parliament passes several progressive social acts: a Mines Act, a Workmen's Compensation Act and a Railway Act
  • Jul 31 Boer Generals Prinsloo & Roux surrender in Brandwater Basin

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 2 Tyrone Guthrie, British actor, producer, writer and director, born in Tunbridge Wells, England (d. 1971)
  • Jul 3 John Mason Brown, American drama critic (Tonight on Broadway), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1969)
  • Jul 5 Bernardus Johannes Alfrink, Dutch cardinal of Utrecht Netherlands, born in Nijkerk, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • Jul 6 Frederica Sagor Maas, American playwright and screen writer, born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • Jul 7 Earle E. Partridge, United States Air Force general (d. 1990)
  • Jul 8 George Antheil, composer (Airplane Sonata), born in Trenton, New Jersey
  • Jul 9 Robert Oboussier, Swiss composer, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1957)
  • Jul 10 Bob Catterall, South African cricket batsman (24 Tests, 3 x 100s), born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa (d. 1961)
  • Jul 10 [Elsie] Evelyn Laye, English singer & actress (Bitter Sweet, Merry Widow), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • Jul 10 Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1979)
  • Jul 10 Mitchell Parish [Michael Pashelinsky], American lyricist (Stardust; It's Wonderful), born in Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1993)
  • Jul 12 Fjodor Godunov-Tcherdynchev, Russian poet (Life of Tchernyshevsky)
  • Jul 13 JH Scheps, Dutch 2nd-Member of parliament (social democratic)
  • Jul 13 George Lewis, American musician (d. 1969)
  • Jul 18 Nathalie Sarraute [Tcherniak], French writer (Childhood, Portrait of a Man Unknown, The Golden Fruits), born in Ivanovo, Russia (d. 1999)
  • Jul 19 Arno Breker, German architect and sculptor (Third Reich), born in Elberfeld, German Empire (d. 1991)
  • Jul 19 Roscoe [Charles Barnet] Harvey, British soldier, born in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo (d. 1996)
  • Jul 19 Marc Turfkruijer, Flemish movie journalist and writer (d. 1990)
  • Jul 20 Gottfried von Haberler, Austrian economist
  • Jul 20 Maurice Gilliams, Flemish writer/poet/essayist (Maria's Life)
  • Jul 20 Maurice Leyland, English cricket batsman (41 Tests, 2764 runs @ 46.06; Yorkshire 1920-46, 1,000+ runs in 17 consecutive seasons), born in Harrogate, England (d. 1967)
  • Jul 24 Zelda Fitzgerald, American writer (This Side of Paradise) and wife of writer F. Scott Fitzgerald, born in Montgomery, Alabama (d. 1948)
  • Jul 25 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola), born in Salto, Uruguay (d. 1960)
  • Jul 27 Charles Vidor, Hungarian director (Rhapsody, Gilda, Cover Girl), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1959)
  • Jul 27 Hans Haug, Swiss composer, born in Luasanne (d. 1967)
  • Jul 28 Maurice Johnstone, English brass band composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1976)
  • Jul 28 Catherine Dale Owen, American actress (Behind Office Doors), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1965)
  • Jul 29 Alexander Vasil'yevich Mosolov, composer [OS]
  • Jul 29 Don Redman, American jazz musician and orchestra leader (Sugar Hill Times), born in Piedmont, West Virginia (d. 1964)
  • Jul 29 Eyvind Johnson, Swedish novelist (Return to Ithaca), Nobel Prize (1974), born in Svartbjörnsbyn (d. 1976)
  • Jul 31 Elmo Roper, American pollster (Roper Poll), born in Hebron, Nebraska (d. 1971)
  • Jul 31 Erich Katz, German-born American composer and musicologist, born in Posen (d. 1974)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 1 Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand (36) weds countess Sophie Chotek (32) in Reichstadt, Bohemia

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 24 Ferdinand Hamet, Dutch missionary in Mongolia, murdered at 59
  • Jul 29 Umberto I, Italian King (1878-1900) assassinated by Gaetano Bresci
  • Jul 30 Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, dies at 55