What Happened in July 1900

Historical Events

  • Jul 2 Sibelius' "Finlandia" premieres in Helsinki

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • Jul 3 Trying to stem the growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia
  • Jul 3 The British evacuate Rustenburg and occupy Commando Nek and Silkaatsnek in the Anglo-Boer war

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 4 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley beats rival and fellow Briton Charlotte Cooper 4-6, 6-4, 6-4

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 4 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: R.F. Doherty beats Sydney Smith 6-8, 6-3, 6-1, 6-2 for his 4th of 8 Wimbledon singles titles
  • Jul 4 Williams Jennings Bryan nominated as Democratic Party presidential candidate, USA
  • Jul 5 Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber
  • Jul 7 Boston Beaneaters pitcher Kid Nichols notches his 300th career MLB victory with an 11-4 win over Chicago Orphans
  • Jul 8 1st night baseball, league game (Zanesville at Grand Rapids)
  • Jul 9 The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons
  • Jul 11 Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys and Lincolns
  • Jul 11 Charlotte Cooper beats Hélène Prévost to become the 1st female Olympic tennis champion and the 1st individual female Olympic champion in any sport
  • Jul 12 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
  • Jul 13 Phillies beat Pittsburgh 23-8
  • Jul 15 President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
  • Jul 16 A report appears in London that all foreigners in Peking, China, have been massacred. Although soon exposed as false, the report helps mobilize support for relief of foreigners
  • Jul 16 Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria
  • Jul 17 NY Giant Christy Mathewson begins career losing to Bkln Superbas
  • Jul 19 Michel Théato wins 2nd olympics marathon (2:59:45.0-40,260k)
  • Jul 21 Pope Leo XIII encyclical to Greek-Melkite rite
  • Jul 23 Pan-African Congress meets in London
  • Jul 23 The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada
  • Jul 24 Race riot in New Orleans, 2 white policemen killed
  • Jul 25 Gilbert Jessop hits his 2nd 100 before lunch in same cricket match
  • Jul 28 Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
  • Jul 29 In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci
  • Jul 30 British Parliament passes several progressive social acts: a Mines Act, a Workmen's Compensation Act and a Railway Act
  • Jul 31 Boer Generals Prinsloo & Roux surrender in Brandwater Basin

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 2 Tyrone Guthrie, British actor, producer, writer and director, born in Tunbridge Wells, England (d. 1971)
  • Jul 3 John Mason Brown, American drama critic (Tonight on Broadway), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1969)
  • Jul 5 Bernardus Johannes Alfrink, Dutch cardinal of Utrecht Netherlands, born in Nijkerk, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • Jul 6 Frederica Sagor Maas, American playwright and screen writer (d. 2012)
  • Jul 7 Earle E. Partridge, United States Air Force general (d. 1990)
  • Jul 8 George Antheil, composer (Airplane Sonata), born in Trenton, New Jersey
  • Jul 9 Robert Oboussier, Swiss composer, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1957)
  • Jul 10 Bob Catterall, South African cricketer (dashing South African batsman of 20's), born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa (d. 1961)
  • Jul 10 [Elsie] Evelyn Laye, English singer and actress (Bitter Sweet, Merry Widow), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • Jul 10 Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1979)
  • Jul 10 Mitchell Parish, American lyricist, born in Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1993)
  • Jul 12 Fjodor Godunov-Tcherdynchev, Russian poet (Life of Tchernyshevsky)
  • Jul 13 JH Scheps, Dutch 2nd-Member of parliament (social democratic)
  • Jul 13 George Lewis, American musician (d. 1969)
  • Jul 18 Nathalie Sarraute [Tcherniak], French writer (Childhood, Portrait of a Man Unknown, The Golden Fruits), born in Ivanovo, Russia (d. 1999)
  • Jul 19 Arno Breker, German architect and sculptor (Third Reich), born in Elberfeld, German Empire (d. 1991)
  • Jul 19 Roscoe [Charles Barnet] Harvey, British soldier, born in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo (d. 1996)
  • Jul 19 Marc Turfkruijer, Flemish movie journalist and writer (d. 1990)
  • Jul 20 Gottfried von Haberler, Austrian economist
  • Jul 20 Maurice Gilliams, Flemish writer/poet/essayist (Maria's Life)
  • Jul 20 Maurice Leyland, prolific cricket left-handed batsman (England)
  • Jul 24 Zelda Fitzgerald, American writer (This Side of Paradise) and wife of writer F. Scott Fitzgerald, born in Montgomery, Alabama (d. 1948)
  • Jul 25 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola), born in Salto, Uruguay (d. 1960)
  • Jul 27 Charles Vidor, Hungarian director (Rhapsody, Gilda, Cover Girl), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1959)
  • Jul 27 Hans Haug, Swiss composer, born in Luasanne (d. 1967)
  • Jul 28 Maurice Johnstone, composer
  • Jul 28 Catherine Dale Owen, American actress (Behind Office Doors), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1965)
  • Jul 29 Alexander Vasil'yevich Mosolov, composer [OS]
  • Jul 29 Don Redman, American jazz musician and orchestra leader (Sugar Hill Times), born in Piedmont, West Virginia (d. 1964)
  • Jul 29 Eyvind Johnson, Swedish novelist (Return to Ithaca), Nobel Prize (1974), born in Svartbjörnsbyn (d. 1976)
  • Jul 31 Elmo Roper, pollster (Roper Poll)
  • Jul 31 Erich Katz, German-born American composer and musicologist, born in Posen (d. 1974)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 1 Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand (36) weds countess Sophie Chotek (32) in Reichstadt, Bohemia

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 24 Ferdinand Hamet, Dutch missionary in Mongolia, murdered at 59
  • Jul 29 Umberto I, Italian King (1878-1900) assassinated by Gaetano Bresci
  • Jul 30 Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (b. 1844)