On This Day

What Happened in March 1900

Historical Events

  • Mar 3 US Steel Corporation organizes
  • Mar 5 American Hall of Fame founded
  • Mar 6 After a meeting in Indianapolis, USA, a group forms the Social Democratic Party and nominates Eugene Debs as its candidate for President in the forthcoming election (becomes the Socialist Party in 1901)
  • Mar 7 Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, President Kruger flees
  • Mar 8 NL decides to go with 8 teams They exclude Baltimore, Cleveland, Louisville & Washington (in 1953 Boston Braves move to Milwaukee)
  • Mar 10 Stanley Cup, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Shamrocks outclass Halifax Crescents, 11-0 to sweep challenge series, 2-0
  • Mar 10 Battle of Driefontein, South Africa, British offensive against the Boers, who are forced to withdraw
  • Mar 10 Regents for the King of Uganda and leading chiefs sign a treaty with Great Britain agreeing to the organization of the government, taxation, courts, military, and other functions of their country, which is under British protection.

Historic Event

Mar 11 British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury rejects peace overtures from the Boer leader Paul Kruger (on 5 March) as demanding too-favourable terms

  • Mar 12 President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein
  • Mar 13 British troops occupy Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State (Boer War)
  • Mar 13 In France the length of the working day for women and children is limited by law to 11 hours.

Scientific Discovery

Mar 14 Dutch botanist Hugo de Vries rediscovers Gregor Mendel's laws of heredity and genetics

  • Mar 14 US currency goes on gold standard after Congress passes the Currency Act

Meeting of Interest

Mar 16 AL meets in Chicago, Ban Johnson announces AL league will be Chicago White Stockings, Washington Senators, Milwaukee Brewers, Detroit Tigers, Cleveland Blues, Boston Americans, Philadelphia Athletics and Baltimore Orioles

  • Mar 16 Sir Arthur Evans rediscovers the bronze age city of Knossos in Crete, home of the legendary Minotaur
  • Mar 17 In South Africa, British troops relieve Mafeking, besieged by the Boers since 13 October, 1899

Music History

Mar 17 American modern dancer Isadora Duncan gives her first Europen performance in London, England [1]

  • Mar 18 Ajax soccer club forms in Amsterdam, The Netherlands (33 Eredivisie titles, 18 KNVB Cups, 4 Champions League); named after legendary Greek hero
  • Mar 18 Japan uses its influence over Korea to deny Russia's efforts to obtain a naval station at Korean Port of Masampo, the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war
  • Mar 20 US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an 'open door' policy in China have essentially accepted his stand
  • Mar 24 New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
  • Mar 25 US Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis
  • Mar 26 1st edition The (Free) People (Netherlands, probably Amsterdam)
  • Mar 27 Recognising that the war in South Africa is going to take a major commitment, Parliament passes the War Loan Act, calling for £35 million to support the fight against the Boers.
  • Mar 30 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Compulsory education law

Sports History

Mar 30 62nd Grand National: Algy Anthony wins aboard Ambush II; owner is Prince Of Wales (King Edward VII)

  • Mar 31 At " Surprise of Sanna’s Post" in the Second Boer War 150 troops under Brigadier General Robert Broadwood are killed

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Edna Swithenbank Manley, Jamaican sculptor, wife of PM
  • Mar 1 Yorgos Seferis [Seferi dis], Greek diplomat/poet (Strofi)
  • Mar 1 Donald Keith Falkner, singer
  • Mar 2 Kurt J Weill, German composer/Bertolt Brecht collaborator (Mahogany), born in Dessau, Germany
  • Mar 3 Edna Best, British actress (Key, Calendar, Escape, Intermezzo), born in Hove, England (d. 1974)
  • Mar 3 Ruby Dandridge [Ruby Jean Butler], American actress (Father of the Bride), born in Wichita, Kansas (d. 1987)
  • Mar 4 Roberto Soundy, Salvadorean trap shooter (Olympic-1968), born in San Salvador, El Salvador
  • Mar 4 Herbert Biberman, American screenwriter (d. 1971)
  • Mar 6 John Henry Pyle Pafford, British librarian (University of London), born in Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire (d. 1996)
  • Mar 6 Ludwig Donath, Austrian actor (Torn Curtain, Sirocco, Jolson Sings Again), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungar (d. 1967)
  • Mar 6 Robert "Lefty" Grove, American Baseball HOF pitcher (6 × MLB All-Star; World Series 1929, 30; AL MVP 1931; Triple Crown 1930, 31; Philadelphia A's, Boston Red Sox), born in Lonaconing, Maryland (d. 1975)
  • Mar 7 Evald Aav, Estonian composer (Vikerlased), born in Tallinn (d. 1939) [OS 22 Feb]
  • Mar 7 Giuseppe Capogrossi, Italian painter
  • Mar 7 [Albert] Carel Willink, Dutch painter (magic realism)
  • Mar 8 Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (Harvard Mark I computer), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1973)
  • Mar 9 Prince Aimone, Duke of Aosta, Italian king of Croatia (1941-43), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1948)
  • Mar 10 Sherman Billingsley, American nightclub owner (Stock Club), born in Enid, Oklahoma
  • Mar 12 Zoltán Vásárhelyi, Hungarian violinist, teacher, and choral conductor, born in Kecskemét, Hungary (d. 1977)
  • Mar 14 Ernest Hill, American jazz double-bassist, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1964)
  • Mar 14 Bernie Cummins, American jazz drummer and big band leader ("Dark Eyes"), born in Akron, Ohio (d. 1986)
  • Mar 15 Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer
  • Mar 15 Colin McPhee, Canadian-American pianist, composer (Tabuh-Tabuhan; H2O; Mechanical Principles), and ethno-musicologist (Bali), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1964)
  • Mar 15 George Fox, American US Army chaplain and Methodist minister (The Four Chaplains), born in Lewistown, Pennsylvania (d. 1943) [1]
  • Mar 17 Alfred Newman, American film music arranger, conductor and composer, winner of 9 Academy Awards (The Robe; How The West Was Won; Love Is A Many-Splendored Thing), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1970)
  • Mar 19 [Jean] Frederic Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1935)
  • Mar 21 Eugenie Leontovitch, Russian actress (Homicidal, The Rains of Ranchipur), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1993)
  • Mar 21 Paul Klecki/Kletzki, Polish violinist/composer/conductor
  • Mar 23 Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)
  • Mar 23 José Antonio Calcaño, Venezuelan composer (De Profundis), music critic, and diplomat, born in Caracus, Venezuela (d. 1978)
  • Mar 24 Algeria Junius "June" Clark, American jazz trumpeter and cornetist, born in Long Branch, New Jersey (d. 1963)
  • Mar 26 Isadore Freed, Russian American composer, born in Brest-Litovsk, Russia (d. 1960)
  • Mar 28 Achille Longo, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1954)
  • Mar 28 Robert Harris, British actor (Big Caper, The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp, Laughing Anne), born in Weston-super-Mare, England (d. 1995)
  • Mar 28 Fosco Giachetti, Italian actor (Wastrel, We the Living), born in Sesto Fiorentino, Tuscany, Italy (d. 1974)
  • Mar 29 John McEwen, 18th Prime Minister of Australia (1967-68), born in Chiltern, Australia (d. 1980)
  • Mar 31 Henry WFA, English duke of Gloucester/earl of Ulters

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 10 Johann Peter Emilius Hartmann, Danish composer, dies at 94
  • Mar 11 Edmund Peate, cricketer (9 Tests for England 1881-86), dies
  • Mar 16 Frederic William Burton, Irish painter, dies at 83
  • Mar 18 Antonio Nobre, Portuguese poet (Só), dies at 32
  • Mar 19 John Bingham, American politician and lawyer, dies at 85
  • Mar 19 Charles-Louis Hanon, French composer and piano pedagogue (The Virtuoso Pianist in 60 Exercises), dies at 80
  • Mar 26 Isaac Mayer Wise, American rabbi and founder (American Hebrew Congregations), dies at 80
  • Mar 27 Pieter J Joubert [Smart Piet], South African general, dies at 69
  • Mar 31 Frank Milligan, cricketer (Mafeking 2 Tests Eng v South Africa 1898-99), dies