On This Day

What Happened in October 1900

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 Edward Elgar/Cardinal Newmans oratorium premieres in Birmingham

Composer Edward Elgar
Composer
Edward Elgar
  • Oct 4 In a final confrontation, around 4,000 Ashantis are defeated by the British in the Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • Oct 5 US Open Men's Golf, Chicago GC: Harry Vardon of Jersey wins his only US title; beats Englishman J.H. Taylor by 2 strokes
  • Oct 6 Britain annexes Orange Free State (as Orange River Colony)
  • Oct 7 The term "orienteering" is first used for an event
  • Oct 9 8.3 magnitude earthquake shakes Cape Yakataga, Alaska
  • Oct 10 Foreign ministers in Peking begin their first serious negotiations over what conditions their nations will impose on the Chinese after putting down the Boxer uprising
  • Oct 10 In Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 12 The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S. Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland

  • Oct 16 Great Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Treaty, agreeing to maintain territorial integrity of China and support 'open door' policy called for by US Secretary of State
  • Oct 17 Bernhard von Bülow becomes German Chancellor
  • Oct 18 Count Bernard von Bulow becomes Chancellor of Germany, famous for first referring to Germany's need for 'place in the sun' and global empire
  • Oct 19 Painter Henry O Tanner wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition
  • Oct 19 South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger departs for Europe
  • Oct 24 General Redvers Buller returns to England
  • Oct 25 Great Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony
  • Oct 28 II Summer (Modern) Olympic Games, Paris, France: competition ends after 5 months; no opening or closing ceremonies conducted
  • Oct 31 AL President Ban Johnson writes to NL President Nick Young seeking peace

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Tom Goddard, English cricket off-spin bowler (5th most 1st class wickets; 8 Tests), born in Gloucester, Gloucestershire (d. 1966)

Person of interestCoco the Clown

Oct 2 Coco the Clown [Nicolai Poliakoff], Famous Russian clown, born in Dvinsk, Russian Empire (d. 1974)

Famous Clown Coco the Clown
Famous Clown
Coco the Clown
  • Oct 3 Jay Irving, American cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh), born in NYC, New York (d.1970)

Person of interestThomas Wolfe

Oct 3 Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (Look Homeward Angel), born in Asheville, North Carolina (d. 1938)

Novelist Thomas Wolfe
Novelist
Thomas Wolfe
  • Oct 6 Stan Nichols, English cricketer (d. 1961)

Person of interestHeinrich Himmler

Oct 7 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi and head of the Gestapo, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Oct 8 Geoffrey Jellicoe, English landscape architect, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Oct 8 Serge Chermayeff, Russian-British architect and designer, born in Grozny, Russia (d. 1996)
  • Oct 8 Zeno Vancea, Romanian composer, born in Bocsa, Romania (d. 1990)
  • Oct 9 Alastair Sim, Scottish actor (Christmas Carol, Stage Fright), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1976)
  • Oct 9 Silvio Cator, Haitian athlete long jumper (Olympic silver 1928), born in Cavaellon, Haiti (d. 1928)

Person of interestHelen Hayes

Oct 10 Helen Hayes, American actress (Caesar & Cleopatra, Happy Birthday), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1993)

Actress Helen Hayes
Actress
Helen Hayes
  • Oct 13 Marius-Francois Gaillard, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1973)
  • Oct 13 Gerald Marks, American songwriter (All of Me), born in Saginaw, Michigan (d. 1997)
  • Oct 14 Eddie McLeod, New Zealand cricketer (played in NZ's 2nd-ever Test 1930), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 1989)
  • Oct 15 Fritz Feld, German actor (Jack Benny Show, At the Circus, Errand Boy, Promises Promises), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1993)
  • Oct 15 Mervyn LeRoy, American movie producer (Devil at 4 O'Clock), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1987)
  • Oct 16 Lloyd Corrigan, American actor (Papa Dodger, The Manchurian Candidate), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1969)
  • Oct 16 [Leon] Goose Goslin, baseball hall of famer (AL bat champ 1928)
  • Oct 16 Edward Ardizzone, artist and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • Oct 16 Primo Conti, Italian painter (d. 1988)
  • Oct 17 Jean Arthur, American actress (Shane, Mr Smith Goes to Washington), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1993)
  • Oct 19 Bill Ponsford, cricketer (great Australian batsman, HS 437 Vic v NSW)
  • Oct 19 Theodoro Valcarcel, composer
  • Oct 19 Roy Worters, Canadian ice hockey goaltender (d. 1957)
  • Oct 19 Erna Berger, German soprano (d. 1990)
  • Oct 20 Rodolfo Halffter, composer
  • Oct 20 Wayne Morse, (Sen-R/D-Ore)
  • Oct 22 Edward Stettinius Jr. 48th US Secretary of State (1944-45) and diplomat, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1949)
  • Oct 22 James Hall, American actor (Hell's Angels, Four Sons), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1940)
  • Oct 23 Douglas Jardine, cricketer (England's Bodyline captain)
  • Oct 24 Elizabeth Hill, Russian-English teacher of Salvonic languages, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1996)
  • Oct 24 Karl Ottó Runólfsson, Icelandic composer, born in Reykjavik, Iceland (d. 1970)
  • Oct 26 Ibrahim Abboud, 1st President and 4th Prime Minister of Sudan (1958-64), born in Suakin, Sudan (d. 1983)
  • Oct 26 Karin Boye, writer (Kallocain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1941)
  • Oct 30 Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist (Nobel 1967 - discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye), born in Helsinge, Finland (d. 1991)
  • Oct 31 Cal Hubbard, American football and baseball player, and umpire (only person in Baseball and Football Hall of Fame), born in Keytesville, Missouri (d. 1977)

Famous Weddings

  • Oct 2 Belgium crown prince Albert von Saksen-Coburg weds Elisabeth of Bayern

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 9 Heinrich von Herzogenberg, Austrian composer, dies at 57
  • Oct 14 Albert de Vriendt, Flemish historical painter and etcher, dies at 56
  • Oct 14 Sandor Erkel, Hungarian composer, son of Ferenc Erkel, dies at 54
  • Oct 15 Zdenek Fibich, Czech classical composer (Šárka, The Bride of Messina), dies at 49
  • Oct 20 Charles Dudley Warner, American novelist (As We Go), dies at 70
  • Oct 20 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and writer, dies at 54
  • Oct 28 Max Müller, German-born British orientalist, dies at 76 (b. 1823)