On This Day

What Happened in December 1901

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 2 King C. Gillette begins selling safety razor blades

Businessman and Inventor King C. Gillette
Businessman and Inventor
King C. Gillette
  • Dec 3 At the MLB meeting, the Milwaukee Brewers franchise is officially dropped from the American League and replaced by the St. Louis Browns
  • Dec 4 Anne Russell's play "'Girl and the judge" premieres in New York

Explosive Background to the Nobel PrizeExplosive Background to the Nobel Prize

Dec 10 First Nobel Peace Prizes awarded to Red Cross founder Jean Henri Dunant and peace activist Frederic Passy
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Bob Dylan performing in 2012. He said he was surprised to be listed alongside Ernest Hemingway and Albert Camus
Bob Dylan performing in 2012. He said he was surprised to be listed alongside Ernest Hemingway and Albert Camus

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 First Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to Wilhelm Röntgen for his discovery of X-rays

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen

CommunicationHistoric Communication

Dec 12 Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland, Canada

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • Dec 13 Test debut of English cricketer Sydney Barnes vs Australia at the SCG, took 5-65 in 1st innings
  • Dec 14 1st table tennis tournament is held (London Royal Aquarium)
  • Dec 16 Boer general Kritzinger captured
  • Dec 24 Private companies allowed to use the word "postcard" in the US. Previously they were labelled "Private Mailing Cards" and known as "souvenir cards".
  • Dec 25 Battle at Tweefontein: British force camped on a hill is surprised by a Boer attack at 2am
  • Dec 31 In the first election under their new constitution, Cuba elects a Congress and their first president, Tomas Estrada Palma

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 1 Dorothy James, composer
  • Dec 1 Ilona Feher, Hungarian-Jewish violinist (d. 1988)
  • Dec 2 Staf Nees, Flemish composer (Maria-oratorio), born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1965)
  • Dec 2 Raimundo Orsi, Argentine-born Italian soccer winger (13 caps Argentina, 35 Italy; Independiente, Juventus), born in (d. 1986)
  • Dec 3 Glenn Hartranft, American athlete (discus WR 47.89m 1925; Olympic silver shot putt 1924), born in Aberdeen, South Dakota (d. 1970)
  • Dec 4 Adam Walsh, American College Football Hall of Fame center and coach (Notre Dame; Bowdoin), born in Churchville, Iowa (d. 1985)
  • Dec 5 Hanns Jelinek, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1969)

Person of interestWalt Disney

Dec 5 Walt [Walter Elias] Disney, American animator, (Mickey Mouse), producer and co-founder of Walt Disney Co., born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1966)

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Dec 5 Werner Heisenberg, German physicist who discovered the uncertainty principle (Nobel 1932), born in Würzburg, Germany (d. 1976)
  • Dec 5 Milton H. Erickson, American psychiatrist and psychologist, born in Aurum, Nevada (d. 1980)
  • Dec 7 Tony Pugsley, British rear-admiral (Walcheren attack (1944)) (d. 1990)
  • Dec 9 Carol Dempster, American actress, born in Duluth, Minnesota (d. 1991)
  • Dec 9 Ödön von Horváth, Hungarian writer (A Child of Our Time), born in Sušak, Rijeka, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • Dec 9 Jean Mermoz, French pilot, born in Aubenton, Aisne, France (d. 1936)
  • Dec 10 F Fischer, German war criminal (Breda 4)
  • Dec 14 Henri Cochet, French tennis player (French Open 1926, 28, 30, 32; Wimbledon 1927, 29; US Open 1928), born in Villeurbanne, France (d. 1987)
  • Dec 14 Paul I, King of Greece (1947-64), born in Tatoi Palace, Athens, Kingdom of Greece (d. 1964)

Person of interestMargaret Mead

Dec 16 Margaret Mead, American anthropologist (Coming of Age in Samoa, Thoughts & Female), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1978)

Cultural Anthropologist Margaret Mead
Cultural Anthropologist
Margaret Mead
  • Dec 19 Dimitar Nenov, Bulgarian composer, pianist and architect, born in Razgrad, Bulgaria (d. 1953)
  • Dec 19 Oliver [Hazard Perry] La Farge, American anthropologist and novelist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1963)
  • Dec 20 Louis Kahn, US architect [or Feb 20], born in Pärnu, Estonia
  • Dec 20 Robert Van de Graaff, American engineer & physicist (Mobility of Gaseous Ions), born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama
  • Dec 21 Juan A de Zunzunegui y Loredo, Spanish writer, born in Portugalete, Spain (d. 1982)
  • Dec 21 Robin Irvine, British actor (Easy Virtue, When Boys Leave Home), born in London, England (d. 1933)
  • Dec 22 Andre Kostelanetz, Russian-American conductor (Lincoln Portrarit), born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1980)
  • Dec 25 Alice C, English duchess of Gloucester/aunt of Elizabeth II
  • Dec 26 Victor Hely-Hutchinson, British composer (Carol Symphony), born in Cape Town, Cape Colony (d. 1947)
  • Dec 27 Irene Handl, British actress (Riding High, Morgan), born in London, England (d. 1987)

Person of interestMarlene Dietrich

Dec 27 Marlene Dietrich, German American actress and singer (The Blue Angel, Shanghai Express), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1992)

Actress and Singer Marlene Dietrich
Actress and Singer
Marlene Dietrich

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 1 George Lohmann, England cricket medium pace bowler (18 Tests, 112 wickets @ 10.75), dies of tuberculosis at 36
  • Dec 15 Elias Álvares Lobo, Brazilian composer, dies at 67