On This Day

What Happened in January 1901

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 The Commonwealth of Australia is formed when the British (Imperial) Parliament Act, the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900, comes into effect
  • Jan 8 New South Wales score 918 all out vs South Australia in 560 minutes
  • Jan 9 New South Wales (918) defeat South Australia (157 & 156) by innings & 605
  • Jan 10 Oil discovered at Spindletop, Beaumont, marking the start of the Texas oil boom (gusher age)

Catholic Encyclical

Jan 18 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re

Theater Premiere

Jan 21 Clyde Fitch's play "The Climbers" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Jan 22 After 63 years Britain stops sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series & begins King Edward VII series

  • Jan 24 Emily Hobhouse views the British administrated concentration camp at Bloemfontein for women and children
  • Jan 24 Denmark and the US sign a treaty under which Denmark will sell the Danish West Indies to the USA for $5 million, but the sale will be postponed until 1917
  • Jan 31 Boer generals Jan Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river, Transvaal

Historic Event

Jan 31 Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater

  • Jan 31 Stanley Cup, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Winnipeg Victorias edge Montreal Shamrocks, 2-1 to sweep challenge series, 2-0
  • Jan 31 Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, dissolved on September 7, 1900, by Emperor Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections sees the defeat of extremists

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Christine Wttewaall van Stoetwegen, Dutch politician (CDD)
  • Jan 1 Century Milstead, American College Football Hall of Fame tackle (Yale; NFL C'ship 1927, NY Giants), born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania (d. 1963)
  • Jan 2 Rex O'Malley, British actor (Camille; Zara; Midnight, Thief), born in London, England (d. 1976)
  • Jan 2 Robert "Bob" Marshall, American forester, wilderness activist and co-founder of the Wilderness Society, born in NYC, New York (d. 1939)
  • Jan 2 Torsten Ralf, Swedish operatic tenor (Daphne - "Apollo"), born in Malmö, Sweden (d. 1954)
  • Jan 3 Eric Voegelin, German American philosopher (Order & History), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1985)

Ngô Đình Diệm

Jan 3 Ngô Đình Diệm, President and authoritarian leader of South Vietnam (1954-63), born in Quảng Bình, French Indochina (d. 1963)

  • Jan 4 C. L. R. James [Cyril Lionel Robert James], Trinidadian historian (The Black Jacobins), journalist, intellectual and socialist, born in Tunapuna, Trinidad (d. 1989) [1]
  • Jan 5 Henri Honoré d'Estienne d'Orves, French officer/resistance fighter, born in Verrières-le-Buisson, France (d. 1941)
  • Jan 5 Mario Scelba, Italian politician (Prime Minister 1954-55), born in Caltagirone, Italy (d. 1991)
  • Jan 6 Patrick Aherne, British actor (Green Dolphin Street, Rocketship X-M, The Court Jester), born in King's Norton, Worcestershire, England (d. 1970)
  • Jan 8 Edmond Vandercammen, French-Belgian painter and poet (Grand Combat), born in Ohain, Belgium (d. 1980)
  • Jan 9 Chic Young, American cartoonist (Blondie), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1973)
  • Jan 10 Pauline Starke, American actress (Dante's Inferno, Dance Magic), born in Joplin, Missouri (d. 1977)
  • Jan 11 Andries D Copier, Dutch glass manufacturer (Gildeglass)
  • Jan 11 Kwon Ki-ok, Korean pilot (d. 1988)
  • Jan 13 A. B. Guthrie, American novelist, historian (d. 1991)
  • Jan 13 Mieczysław Żywczyński, Polish historian and priest (d. 1978)
  • Jan 14 Bebe Daniels, American actress (42nd Street, Lonesome Luke), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1971)
  • Jan 14 Carlos P. Romulo, Philippine diplomat & statesman, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1985)

Fulgencio Batista

Jan 16 Fulgencio Batista, Dictator and President of Cuba (1933-44, 1952-59), born in Banes, Cuba (d. 1973)

  • Jan 16 Frank Zamboni, American inventor (d. 1988)
  • Jan 17 Vasily Petrovich Shirinsky, composer
  • Jan 17 Aron Gurwitsch, Lithuanian-born philosopher, born in Vilnius, Lithuania (d. 1973)
  • Jan 17 Olin Dutra, American golfer (PGA C'ship 1932, US Open 1934), born in Monterey, California (d. 1983)
  • Jan 18 Arie Querido, Dutch social psychiatrist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • Jan 18 Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician, born in Sevsk, Russia (d. 1973)
  • Jan 21 Ricardo Zamora, Spanish footballer (d. 1978)
  • Jan 22 Hans-Erich Apostel, Austrian composer (Sonata Ritmica)
  • Jan 23 Benno Stokvis, Dutch lawyer & politician, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • Jan 25 Martín de Álzaga, Argentine racing driver, born in Mar del Plata, Argentina (d. 1982)
  • Jan 26 Ervin Major, Hungarian composer, born in Budapest (d. 1967)
  • Jan 27 Art Rooney, NFL Pittsburgh Steelers [Pirates] team founder,owner, and chairman, 1933-88, born in Coulterville, Pennsylvania (d. 1988)
  • Jan 27 Willy Fritsch, German actor (Spies, Women in the Moon), born in Katowice, Upper Silesia, Germany (d. 1973)
  • Jan 29 Allen B. DuMont, American engineer and inventor (perfected commercial practical cathode ray tube), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1965)
  • Jan 30 Hans Erich Nossak, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1977)
  • Jan 31 Jan Dieters, Dutch politician and resistance fighter who was the head of the Communist Party of the Netherlands, born in Slochteren (d. 1943)
  • Jan 31 Blaž Arnič, Slovenian composer, born near Mount Raduha, Austria-Hungary (d. 1970)
  • Jan 31 Marie Luise Kaschnitz, writer

Famous Weddings

Charlotte Cooper

Jan 12 Tennis champ Charlotte Cooper (30) weds solicitor Alfred Sterry

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Ignatius Donnelly, American politician, writer, and amateur scientist. dies at 69
  • Jan 5 Edmond Dédé, Creole-American violinist and composer (Quasimodo Symphony; Mephisto Masque), dies at 73
  • Jan 7 James Dunwoody Bulloch, Confederacy's chief foreign agent in Great Britain during the American Civil War, dies at 77
  • Jan 8 John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, dies during the Second Boer War at 27
  • Jan 9 Richard Copley Christie, English scholar (b. 1830)
  • Jan 10 Sir James Dickson, Premier of Queensland, Australian Minister for Defence (b. 1832)
  • Jan 11 Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov, composer, dies at 34
  • Jan 13 Carlo Angeloni, Italian composer, dies at 66
  • Jan 14 Charles Hermite, French mathematician (proof that e is transcendental), dies at 78
  • Jan 14 Mandell Creighton, British historian and a bishop of the Church of England, dies at 57
  • Jan 14 Victor Balaguer, Catalaans historian/politician/author, dies at 76

Hiram R. Revels

Jan 16 Hiram R. Revels, American politician, 1st African American Senator, dies at 73

  • Jan 16 Jules Barbier, French opera librettist (b. 1825)
  • Jan 16 Arnold Böcklin, Swiss painter (b. 1827)
  • Jan 17 Jacob G Agarah, Swedish algologist, dies at 87
  • Jan 19 Albert, 4th duc de Broglie, Prime Minister of France (1873-74, 1977), dies at 79
  • Jan 20 Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer (Gramme dynamo), dies at 74
  • Jan 21 Elisha Gray, American inventor (telephone prototype), dies at 65

Queen Victoria

Jan 22 Victoria [Alexandrine], Queen of the United Kingdom (1837-1901), dies at 81

  • Jan 24 Simon Hassler, German-American composer, dies at 68

Giuseppe Verdi

Jan 27 Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer (Rigoletto, La Traviata), dies at 77