On This Day

What Happened in October 1901

Historical Events

  • Oct 2 First Royal Navy submarine launched at Barrow-in-Furness
  • Oct 4 Charlie Barr skippered Columbia (US) beats Shamrock II (UK), 3-0 on New York City Harbour in 11th America's Cup yachting challenge series

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 12 Theodore Roosevelt renames the "Executive Mansion" as "The White House"

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Oct 14 Justin Huntly McCarthy's "If I were King" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 16 Baron Hayashi of Japan begins negotiations in London to make an alliance with the British and strengthen Japan's position against Russians
  • Oct 18 Belgium's Louise of den Plas begins activities towards women rights

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 19 Edward Elgar's "Pomp & Circumstance March" premieres in Liverpool

Composer Edward Elgar
Composer
Edward Elgar
  • Oct 19 Santos-Dumont proves airship manoeuverable by circling Eiffel Tower
  • Oct 24 First woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor)
  • Oct 25 Joseph Chamberlain, British Colonial Affairs Secretary, makes an anti-German speech in Edinburgh; when word reaches Germany leads to widespread agitation against the British and breakdown of negotiations for Anglo-German alliance
  • Oct 26 First recorded use of "getaway car" occurs after holding up a shop in Paris

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Oct 27 1st complete performance of Claude Debussy's orchestral composition "Nocturnes"

Composer Claude Debussy
Composer
Claude Debussy
  • Oct 29 In Amherst, Massachusetts, nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
  • Oct 30 Battle at Bakenlaagte: Lieutenant-Colonel Benson's British unit vs Boers

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Jimmie Reese, American baseball infielder and coach (LA Angels Hall of Fame), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)
  • Oct 2 Christopher Clarkson, British test pilot, born in Dunsfold, Surrey (d. 1994)
  • Oct 2 Roy Campbell, South African poet (Flowering Rifle), born in Durban, South Africa (d. 1957)
  • Oct 2 Charles Stark "Doc" Draper, American Scientist and Engineer who headed the team that invented the Apollo Guidance Computer and inertial navigation technology for aircraft, space vehicles, and submarines, born in Windsor, Missouri (d. 1987)
  • Oct 3 Masao Oki, Japanese composer (Symphony No.5 Atomic Bomb), born in Iwata, Shizuoka (d. 1971)
  • Oct 3 Jean Grémillon, French film director, born in Bayeux, France (d. 1959)
  • Oct 4 [Robert] Carroll Nye, American actor (Gone with the Wind), born in Akron, Ohio (d. 1974)
  • Oct 5 John Alton [Johann Jacob Altmann], American cinematographer, born in Sopron, Austria-Hungary (d. 1996)
  • Oct 5 Willy Lages, German chief of Sicherheitsdienst in Amsterdam (WWII), born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1971)
  • Oct 7 Frank Boucher, Canadian all-star NHL center (NY Rangers), born in Ottawa, Ontario (d. 1977)
  • Oct 7 Ralph Rainger, composer
  • Oct 7 Souvanna Phouma, Prince and Prime Minister of Laos (1951–54, 1956–58, 1960 and 1962–75), born in Luang Phrabang, Laos (d. 1984)
  • Oct 8 Eivind Groven, Norwegian composer and ethnomusicologist, born in Eidsborg, Norway (d. 1977)
  • Oct 10 Alberto Giacometti, Swiss-French painter and sculptor, born in Borgonovo, Stampa, Graubünden, Switzerland (d. 1966)
  • Oct 11 Emil Hlobil, Czech composer, born in Veselí nad Lužnicí (d. 1987)
  • Oct 13 Benjamin Merkelbach, Dutch architect and city builder of Amsterdam, born in Amsterdam (d. 1961)
  • Oct 13 Edward Chapman, British actor (Things to Come, Promoter, Rembrandt), born in Harrogate, Yorkshire (d. 1977)
  • Oct 14 Willem A. Wagenaar, Dutch journalist and writer (Shanghai) (d. 1968)
  • Oct 15 Bernard von Brentano, German writer (Big Cats), born in Offenbach, Germany (d. 1964)
  • Oct 15 Hermann Abs, German banker to Adolf Hitler & Konrad Adenauer and director of Deutsche Bank (1938-45), born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1994)
  • Oct 15 Robert Bromston Thesiger Daniell, English soldier, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Oct 18 Vladimir Grigor'yevich Zakharov, Russian composer born in Bogodukhov; (d. 1956)
  • Oct 18 Barbara Brown, American actress, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1975)
  • Oct 19 Arleigh A Burke, Colo, admiral (WW II, Solomon Islands, Navy Cross)
  • Oct 20 Hans-Otto Borgmann, composer
  • Oct 21 Gerhard von Rad, German old testament scholar (Deuteronomium)
  • Oct 24 Gilda Gray [Marianna Michalska], Polish-born American actress and dancer, born in Krakau, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1959)
  • Oct 28 Eileen Shanahan, Irish poet (The Three Children (Near Clonmel)), born in Dublin (d. 1979)
  • Oct 29 Daniele Amfiteatrov, Italian composer, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1983)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 9 Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr (27) weds Abby Aldrich in Warwick Neck, Rhode Island

Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr
Financier and Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller Jr

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 1 Abdur Rahman Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (1880-1901)
  • Oct 2 Rudolph Koenig, German physicist, dies at 68
  • Oct 10 Lorenzo Snow, 5th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS or Mormon Church), dies at 87
  • Oct 19 Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (b. 1829)
  • Oct 21 James A. Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 69
  • Oct 23 Georg von Siemens, founder (Deutsche Bank), dies
  • Oct 24 Paul Henrion, French composer, dies at 82
  • Oct 29 Leon Czolcosz, assassin of President McKinley, is electrocuted
  • Oct 30 ... Opperman, South African Boer general (Spy), killed in battle
  • Oct 30 U Benson, British lt-col (Magers' fountain), killed in battle