On This Day

What Happened in March 1902

Historical Events

  • Mar 4 American Automobile Association (AAA) founded in Chicago
  • Mar 6 Permanent US Census office created by legislation passed by Congress
  • Mar 7 Boers beat British troops at Tweebosch, Transvaal

Music Premiere

Mar 8 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 2nd Symphony, his most popular, by the Helsinki Philharmonic Society

  • Mar 10 Earthquake destroys Turkish city of Tochangri

Film & TV History

Mar 10 A United States court of appeals rules that Thomas Edison did not invent the movie camera

Music History

Mar 18 Italian operatic tenor Enrico Caruso becomes 1st well-known performer to make a record

Music History

Mar 18 Arnold Schoenberg's "Verklärte Nacht" premieres in Vienna

  • Mar 18 Turkey grants Germany syndicate the first concession to construct a railroad through Turkish territory to Baghdad, to be linked to Berlin
  • Mar 20 France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea
  • Mar 21 64th Grand National: David Read aboard 20/1 chance Shannon Lass wins by 3 lengths from Matthew
  • Mar 25 Irving W. Colburn patents sheet glass drawing machine
  • Mar 25 In Russia, 567 students are tried for rioting and 'political disaffection' are found guilty; 95 are banished to Siberia
  • Mar 28 27.9 cm precipitation at McMinnville, Tennessee (state record)

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 2 Edward Uhler Condon, atomic scientist (Manhattan Project)
  • Mar 7 Heinz Rühmann, German actor and director (Der Hauptmann von Köpenick), born in Essen, Germany (d. 1994)
  • Mar 8 Jennings Randolph, American politician, Senator from West Virginia (1958-85), born in Salem, West Virginia (d. 1998)
  • Mar 8 Louise Beavers, American actress (Beulah-Beulah), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1962)
  • Mar 9 Edward Durell Stone, American architect (US Embassy, New Delhi), born in Fayetteville, Arkansas (d. 1978)
  • Mar 9 Will Geer [William Aughe Ghere], American actor (Salt of the Earth, The Waltons), born in Frankfort, Indiana (d. 1978)
  • Mar 9 Luis Barragán, Mexican architect (Casa Luis Barragán, 1980 Pritzker Prize), born in Guadalajara, Mexico (d. 1988)
  • Mar 11 Josef Martin Bauer, writer
  • Mar 16 Lucie Rie, Austrian-born British potter, born in Vienna (d. 1995)

Bobby Jones

Mar 17 Bobby Jones Jr., American golfer, course designer (13 major titles, Grand Slam 1930), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1971)

  • Mar 20 Kathryn Forbes, short story writer (mama's bank account)
  • Mar 21 Carl Jaffe, German actor (1st Man in Space, Escapement), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1974)
  • Mar 21 Edward "Son" House, American delta blues singer-songwriter and guitarist ("Walking Blues"; "Preachin' The Blues"), born in Lyons, Mississippi (d. 1988)
  • Mar 21 William Downie Forrest, journalist
  • Mar 22 Ellin Berlin (née MacKay), American heiress, writer (Lace Curtain), and second wife of songwriter Irving Berlin, born in Roslyn, New York (d. 1988)
  • Mar 23 Philip Ober, American actor (Gen Stone-I Dream of Jeannie), born in Fort Payne, Alabama (d. 1982)

Thomas E. Dewey

Mar 24 Thomas E. Dewey, Governor of NY and Republican presidential candidate (1944, 1948), born in Owosso, Michigan (d. 1971)

  • Mar 25 Sten Broman, Swedish composer and actor, born in Uppsala, Uppsala län (d. 1983)
  • Mar 26 Leslie Melville, Australian economist, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 2002)
  • Mar 27 Mary Armour, Scottish painter, born in Blantyre (d. 2000)
  • Mar 27 Charles Bryant Lang Jr., American cinematographer, born in Bluff, Utah (d. 1998)
  • Mar 28 Flora Robson, British actress (Dominique is Dead), born in South Shields, England (d. 1984)
  • Mar 28 Paul Godwin, Polish-Dutch violinist, born in Sosnowitz, Russian Empire (d. 1982)
  • Mar 28 Jaromír Vejvoda, Czech composer (Beer Barrel Polka), born in Zbraslav, Czech Republic (d. 1988)
  • Mar 29 Onslow Stevens, American actor (This is the Life), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1977)
  • Mar 29 William Walton, British composer (Troilus & Cressida; Wise Virgins), born in Oldham, Lancashire, England (d. 1983)
  • Mar 29 Marcel Aymé, French novelist and playwright, born in Joigny, France (d. 1967)
  • Mar 30 Brooke Astor, American philanthropist (d. 2007)
  • Mar 30 Ted Heath, British jazz trombonist, composer, and big band leader, born in Wandsworth, London, England (d. 1969)

Famous Weddings

  • Mar 9 Austrian composer Gustav Mahler (41) marries Alma Schindler (22) in Vienna, Austria

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 3 Isaac D France van de Putte, Dutch premier (1866), dies at 79
  • Mar 7 James "Pud" Galvin, American Baseball HOF pitcher (MLB's first 300-game winner; no-hitters 1880, 84; Buffalo Bisons), dies at 45
  • Mar 12 John Peter Altgeld, German-American politician (Governor of Illinois, 1893-97), known for pardoning of Haymarket anarchists, dies of a cerebral hemorrhage, while delivering a speech, at 54
  • Mar 14 Daniel H. Reynolds, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 69
  • Mar 17 George William Warren, American hymn composer, dies at 73

Cecil Rhodes

Mar 26 Cecil Rhodes, British businessman, diamond merchant and imperialist politician who was Prime Minister of the Cape Colony (1890-96), dies of heart failure at 48