What Happened in August 1904

Historical Events

  • Aug 3 British journalist Francis Younghusband visits forbidden city Lhasa
  • Aug 7 Train derails on bridge in Eden, Colorado, during a flash flood, kills 96
  • Aug 9 Libanus McLouth Todd of Rochester, New York patents his check-writing machine, the Protectograph designed to protect against check forgers

Historic Event

Aug 10 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (future Pope John XXIII) becomes a priest

  • Aug 10 Battle of the Yellow Sea: Japanese fleet prevented Russians breaking out of Port Arthur
  • Aug 10 Dutch newspaper Volk fires gay journalist Jacob de Cock
  • Aug 10 NY Highlanders pitcher Jack Chesbro ends string of 30 consecutive complete games in a 5-1 loss to Chicago White Sox at South Side Park, Chicago
  • Aug 11 German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa
  • Aug 11 The Russian fleet in the harbor of at Port Arthur is exposed to Russian guns on the hill above the harbor; Russian ships attempt escape, but most are forced back into harbor by Japanese ships
  • Aug 16 NYC begins building Grand Central Station
  • Aug 17 Boston's Jesse Tannehell no-hits Chicago White Sox, 6-0
  • Aug 17 George H Reid succeeds John Watson as Prime Minister of Australia

First Labour Government

Aug 18 Chris Watson resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by George Reid

  • Aug 23 Automobile tire chain patented
  • Aug 24 Battle of Liao-Yang-200,000 Japanese against 150,000 Russian, Japanese tactical victory

Boxing Title Fight

Aug 25 Champion James J. Jeffries scores a 2nd round TKO win over Jack Munroe in San Francisco; Jeffries retires after his 7th heavyweight boxing title defence

  • Aug 30 American runner Thomas Hicks wins marathon gold medal in a time of 3:28:53 over a 40k course at the St. Louis Olympics
  • Aug 31 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: Holcombe Ward beats William Clothier 10-8, 6-4, 9-7 for his lone major singles title

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 3 Clifford D. Simak, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Empire, Way Station), born in Millville, Wisconsin (d. 1988)
  • Aug 3 Dolores del Rio, Mexican silent screen actress (Deseada, Bugambilia), born in Durango, Mexico (d. 1983)
  • Aug 4 Helen Kane [Schroeder], American actress (Heads Up, Pointed Heels), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 1966)
  • Aug 4 Joe Tate, English footballer, born in Old Hill, Cradley Heath, England (d. 1973)
  • Aug 4 Theodore Newton, American actor (Ace of Aces, Voltaire), born in Lawrenceville, New Jersey (d. 1963)
  • Aug 4 Witold Gombrowicz, Polish author (Ferdydurke, Pornography), born in Małoszyce, Russian Empire (d. 1969)
  • Aug 5 Kenneth Thimann, English American botanist (Balzan Prize), born in Ashford, England (d. 1997)
  • Aug 6 Ballard Berkeley [Blascheck], British actor (Fawlty Towers, East meets West, The BFG), born in Margate, Kent, England (d. 1988)
  • Aug 6 Henry Payne Iba, American basketball coach (Olympic gold 1964, 68), born in Easton, Missouri

Ralph BuncheRalph Bunche (1904-1971)

Aug 7 American diplomat, UN delegate and 1st person of color to win the Nobel Peace Prize (1950), born in Detroit, Michigan

  • Aug 8 (William) Elmo Tanner, American big band singer, whistler (Ted Weems Orchestra - "Heartaches"), bandleader, and DJ, born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1990)
  • Aug 8 Achille Varzi, Italian auto racer (14 Grand Prix wins), born in Galliate, Italy (d. 1948)
  • Aug 8 István Szelényi, Hungarian pianist and composer, born in Altsohl, Austria-Hungary (d. 1972)
  • Aug 10 Geraldo [Gerald Walcan Bright], British "sweet music" dance band leader (Gaucho Tango Orchestra), born in London, England (d. 1974)
  • Aug 11 Jess Stacy, jazz pianist, born in Bird's Point, Missouri (d. 1995)

Alexei NikolaevichAlexei Nikolaevich (1904-1918)

Aug 12 son of Tsar Nicholas II, and last Tsarevich of Russia, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire

  • Aug 12 Frank Ervin, harness racer (Hambletonian 1959, 66)
  • Aug 12 Kay Campbell [Catherine Hibben], American actress (All My Children), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1985)
  • Aug 13 Charles "Buddy" Rogers, American musician and actor (An Innocent Affair, Wings), born in Olathe, Kansas (d. 1999)
  • Aug 13 Humphrey Waldock, British lawyer (UN International Law Commission, 1961-72), and jurist (European Court of Human Rights, 1966-74; International Court of Justice, 1973-81), born in Colombo, Ceylon (d. 1981)
  • Aug 15 Bill Baird, American puppeteer (Kukla Fran & Ollie, Muppet Show), born in Grand Island, Nebraska (d. 1987)
  • Aug 16 Wendell Stanley, American biochemist, first to crystallize a virus (Nobel 1946), born in Ridgeville, Indiana (d. 1971)
  • Aug 17 Leopold Nowak, Austrian musicologist (International Bruckner Society; Mozart's Requiem), and educator (Vienna University, 1932-73), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1991)
  • Aug 17 Mary Cain, American newspaper editor and politician (d. 1984)
  • Aug 18 W. Sterling Cole, American politician (Rep-R-NY, Director International Atomic Energy Agency), born in Painted Post, New York (d. 1987)
  • Aug 18 [Francis] Max Factor, American CEO of Max Factor Cosmetics, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Aug 19 June Collyer, American actress (Before Midnight, Charley's Aunt), born in NYC, New York (d. 1968)
  • Aug 20 Jaap [Jacobus Albertus Wilhelmus] Burger, Dutch politician and chairman (PvdA), born in Willemstad, Netherlands (d. 1986)
  • Aug 21 (William) "Count" Basie, jazz pianist, organist, and bandleader ("One O'Clock Jump"; "April In Paris"), born in Red Bank, New Jersey (d. 1984)

Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping (1904-1997)

Aug 22 Chinese revolutionary and paramount leader of China (1978-92), born in Guang'an, Sichuan

  • Aug 24 (Henry) "Buster" Smith, American jazz alto saxophonist, arranger, and bandleader (Blue Devils; Count Basie), born in Alfdorf, Texas (d. 1991)
  • Aug 24 Rodd Redwing, American actor (Buffalo Bill In Tomahawk Territory; Son Of Geronimo), and stunt coach, born in NYC, New York [or maybe India] (d. 1971)
  • Aug 26 Christopher Isherwood, English novelist (Goodbye to Berlin), born in High Lane, Cheshire (d. 1986)
  • Aug 27 John Hay Whitney, American financier and philanthropist, born in Ellsworth, Maine (d. 1982)
  • Aug 27 Norah Lofts, British author (The Town House), born in Shipdham, Norfolk, England (d. 1983)
  • Aug 28 Secondo Campini, Italian jet engine pioneer, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1980)
  • Aug 29 Werner Forssmann, German urologist (Nobel 1956), born in Berlin (d. 1979)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 4 Arnold Krug, German composer, dies at 54
  • Aug 6 Eduard Hanslick, German music critic, dies at 78
  • Aug 9 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), dies at 59
  • Aug 10 Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau, French politician (29th Prime Minister of France), dies at 57
  • Aug 12 William Renshaw, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1881-6, 89), dies of epileptic convulsions at 43
  • Aug 22 Kate O'Flaherty Chopin, American writer, dies at 54
  • Aug 25 William Hall, Canadian Royal Naval sailor (b. 1827)
  • Aug 29 Murad V, 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876), dies at 63
  • Aug 30 Kate Fanny Loder, English composer and pianist, dies at 79