On This Day

What Happened in January 1904

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Neth Indies colony begins opium production
  • Jan 4 Stanley Cup, Aberdeen Pavilion, Ottawa, ON: Ottawa HC beats Winnipeg Rowing Club, 2-0 for 2-1 challenge series victory
  • Jan 4 In 'Gonzales v Williams', the US Supreme Court rules that Puerto Ricans are not aliens and may not be refused admission into continental United States; not until 1917 will citizenship rights be granted
  • Jan 5 -34°F (-36.7°C), River Vale, New Jersey (state record)
  • Jan 5 -42°F (-41.1°C), Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • Jan 5 England beat Australia at the MCG, Rhodes 7-56 & 8-68

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 Marconi Co establishes "CQD" as 1st international radio distress signal

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • Jan 8 Pope Pius X banned low cut dresses in the presence of churchmen
  • Jan 12 Herero people of South West Africa, now Namibia, rebel against German colonial rule
  • Jan 13 Bela Bartok's symphonic poem "Kossuth" premieres in Budapest

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Jan 17 Anton Chekhov's play "Cherry Orchard" opens at Moscow Art Theater

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov
  • Jan 21 Leos Janacek's opera "Jenufa" premieres in Brno

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jan 25 179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 25 John Millington Synge's play "Riders to the Sea" premieres in Dublin
  • Jan 28 1st college sports letters given to Seniors who played on University of Chicago's football team are awarded blankets with letter "C" on them
  • Jan 29 1st athletic letters given (University of Chicago football team)

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani politician (d. 1982)
  • Jan 1 Ethan Allen, American baseball player (d. 1993)
  • Jan 2 James Melton, Moultrie Ga, opera tenor (Ford Festival)
  • Jan 3 Boris Kochno, Russian ballet dancer (La Chatte)
  • Jan 5 Erica Morini, Austrian concert violinist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1995)
  • Jan 5 Jeane Dixon, American astrologer "A Gift of Prophecy", born in Medford, Wisconsin (d. 1997)
  • Jan 8 Peter Arno, American cartoonist (New Yorker), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 8 Karl Brandt, Alsacian Nazi war criminal (d. 1948)
  • Jan 10 Jesus Garcia Leoz, Spanish composer, born in Olite, Spain (d. 1953)
  • Jan 10 Ray Bolger, American actor and dancer (Wizard of Oz), born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1987)
  • Jan 11 Frederick Boland, Irish diplomat/president (UN General Assembly)
  • Jan 12 Mississippi Fred McDowell, American jazz artist, born in Rossville, Tennessee (d. 1972)
  • Jan 13 Richard Addinsell, composer (Taming of Shrew), born in London, England
  • Jan 14 Cecil Beaton, English photographer, born in Hampstead, United Kingdom (d. 1980)
  • Jan 14 Emily Hahn, American journalist & author, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1997)
  • Jan 16 Max Vredenburg, composer
  • Jan 17 Patsy Ruth Miller, American actress (Quebec, Wide Open, Sap, Twin Beds), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1995)

Person of interestCary Grant

Jan 18 Cary Grant [Archibald Alexander Leach], British-born American actor (Arsenic & Old Lace, North by Northwest), born in Horfield, Bristol, England (d. 1986)

Actor Cary Grant
Actor
Cary Grant
  • Jan 18 Henri-Georges Adam, French etcher/painter/sculptor (Grand Nude)
  • Jan 18 Anthony Galla-Rini, American accordionist (d. 2006)
  • Jan 19 James Winston Watts, developer (Frontal Lobotomy)
  • Jan 20 Alexandra Danilova, Russian-born ballerina (Turning Point), born in Petergof, Russia (d. 1997)
  • Jan 20 Renato Caccioppoli, Italian mathematician, born in Campania, Italy (d. 1959)
  • Jan 20 Theodore Brameld, American philosopher & educator (Use of Explosive Ideas), born in Neillsville, Wisconsin (d. 1987)
  • Jan 21 Joseph Ford McGuinn, American director and actor (Dick Tracy's G-Men), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1971)
  • Jan 21 Richard P Blackmur, Mass, critic/poet (Good European)

Person of interestGeorge Balanchine

Jan 22 George Balanchine, Russian-American ballet composer and choreographer who founded the New York City Ballet, born in St. Petersburgh, Russian Empire (d. 1983) [OS=Jan 9]

Ballet Choreographer George Balanchine
Ballet Choreographer
George Balanchine
  • Jan 22 Arkady Gaidar, Russian children's writer (d. 1941)
  • Jan 23 Theodor Schaefer, Czech composer & pedagogue, born in Telč, Czech Republic (d. 1969)
  • Jan 25 Frans Goedhart, Dutch journalist (Het Parool), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1990)
  • Jan 26 Douglas Evans, American actor (At War with the Army, South Pacific Trail), born in Madison, Virginia (d. 1968)

Person of interestSeán MacBride

Jan 26 Seán MacBride, Chief of Staff of the Irish Republican Army and founder of Amnesty International (Nobel 1974), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1988)

Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA Seán MacBride
Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA
Seán MacBride
  • Jan 26 Ancel Keys, American scientist (d. 2004)
  • Jan 28 Canuplin, Filipino magician and bodabil entertainer (d. 1979)
  • Jan 31 E van Ruller, Dutch journalist/ARP-alderman/co-founder (Trouw)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 28 German chancellor Konrad Adenauer (28) weds Emma Weyer at St. Stephan Catholic Church in Lindenthal, Germany

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer

Famous Deaths


Person of interestJames Longstreet

Jan 2 James Longstreet, Confederate general, dies at 82

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet
  • Jan 2 Mathilde Bonaparte, French princess (daughter of Napoleon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte and his second wife, Catharina of Württemberg, daughter of King Frederick I of Württemberg) and socialite, dies at 83
  • Jan 5 Karl Alfred Ritter von Zittel, German geologist and paleontologist (Libya), dies at 64
  • Jan 9 Alfred Richard, cricketer (6 & 0 in only Test for S Af 1895-96), dies
  • Jan 10 Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor (b. 1824)
  • Jan 15 Eduard Lassen, Belgian-Danish composer, dies at 73
  • Jan 24 Franz Coenen, composer, dies at 77
  • Jan 26 John P R Tak, Dutch liberal politician, dies at 64
  • Jan 26 Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (b. 1846)
  • Jan 27 Adam Minchejmer, composer, dies at 73