What Happened in July 1904

Historical Events

1st US Olympic Games

Jul 1 III Summer (Modern) Olympic Games open in St Louis, the first held in the United States

  • Jul 1 Willie Anderson becomes the first 2-time Western Open golf champion, beating fellow Scot Alex Smith by 4 strokes at Michigan's Kent CC
  • Jul 4 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: Laurence Doherty & Reggie Doherty beat Paul de Borman & William le Maire de Warzée 6-0, 6-1, 6-3 to give British Isles an unassailable 3-0 lead over Belgium (ends 5-0)
  • Jul 5 NY Giants 18-game winning streak ends as Phillies win 6-5 in 10 innings at Huntington Park

Presidential Convention

Jul 6 The US Democratic Party nominates little known New York judge Alton B. Parker for presidential nominee - virtually assuring the election of Theodore Roosevelt

  • Jul 6 Two Russian cruisers move into the Red Sea and begin to stop ships of Britain, Germany, and other nations they believe friendly to Japan
  • Jul 9 US Open Men's Golf, Glen View GC: defending champion Willie Anderson of Scotland wins the 3rd of his 4 Open titles, 5 strokes ahead of runner-up Gilbert Nicholls
  • Jul 15 1st Buddhist temple in US forms, Los Angeles
  • Jul 16 Islands of Manu'a group (Samoa) ceded to US by their chiefs
  • Jul 19 Dutch Premier Kuypers disbands 1st Chamber
  • Jul 21 After 13 years, the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway is completed
  • Jul 21 Camille Jenatzy sets world auto speed record at 65.79 MPH
  • Jul 23 Ice cream cone created during St Louis World Fair - the 1st cone reputedly by Charles E. Menches
  • Jul 24 2nd Tour de France won by Henri Cornet of France
  • Jul 28 Interior Minister of Russia, Vyacheslav Plehve is assassinated; as leader of the most reactionary elements of government, he was hated for his repressive policies
  • Jul 28 Rafael Reyes becomes dictator of Colombia after losing Panama

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Mary Calderone, American physician and founder (planned parenthood), born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)
  • Jul 2 Carl Weinrich, American organist and composer, born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 1981)
  • Jul 2 Gerarda Rueter, Dutch sculptor, born in Amsterdam (d. 1993)
  • Jul 2 René Lacoste, French tennis player (7 Grand Slam titles, Lacoste clothing), born in Paris, France (d. 1996)
  • Jul 4 Angela Baddeley, English actress (Ghost Train, Tom Jones), born in London, England (d. 1976)
  • Jul 4 Artur Malawski, Polish composer, born in Przemyśl, Poland (d. 1957)
  • Jul 4 Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-American yiddish writer (Yentl, Nobel Prize for Literature 1978), born in Leoncin, Russian Empire (d. 1991)
  • Jul 4 Seger Ellis, American jazz pianist, pop vocalist, songwriter, and bandleader, born in Houston, Texas (d. 1995) [1]
  • Jul 5 Don Goddard, American news anchor (ABC Evening News 1958-59), born in Binghamton, New York (d. 1994)
  • Jul 5 Ernst Mayr, German-American biologist (evolutionary theory), born in Kempten, Bavaria, Germany (d. 2005)
  • Jul 5 Franz Adolf Syberg, Danish composer, born in Kerteminde, Funen, Denmark (d. 1955)
  • Jul 5 Harold Acton, English-Italian historian and art collector, born in Villa La Pietra, Florence, Italy (d. 1994)
  • Jul 5 Josephine Wilson, British actress (The Lady Vanishes, We Dive at Dawn), born in Bromley, England (d. 1990)
  • Jul 5 Milburn Stone, American actor (Gunsmoke, Pickup on South Street), born in Burrton, Kansas (d. 1980)
  • Jul 6 Erik Wickberg, 9th Salvation Army general, born in Gävle, Sweden (d. 1996)
  • Jul 6 Robert Whitney, American conductor (Sospiro do Roma), born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1986)
  • Jul 7 Simone Beck, French chef (d. 1991)
  • Jul 8 Bill Challis, American jazz arranger and pianist, born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 8 Henri Cartan, French mathematician, born in Nancy (d. 2008)
  • Jul 10 Iša Krejčí, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1968)
  • Jul 10 Ivie Anderson, American swing jazz singer (Duke Ellington Orchestra, 1931-42), born in Bossier, Louisiana (d. 1949) [some sources give birth year as 1905, and birthplace as Gilroy, California] [1]
  • Jul 11 Daphne Fielding (née Vivian), British socialite and writer, born in Westminster, London (d. 1997)

Pablo Neruda

Jul 12 Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet (Residence on Earth-Nobel 1971), born in Parral, Chile (d. 1973)

  • Jul 14 Richard Clarkson, British aeronautical engineer (Hawker Siddeley - Trident wing), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • Jul 15 Dorothy Fields, American lyricist ("I'm In The Mood For Love"; "The Way You Look Tonight"), born in Allenhurst, New Jersey (d. 1974)
  • Jul 15 Rudolf Arnheim, German-born author (d. 2007)
  • Jul 16 Goffredo Petrassi, Italian composer (Beatitudines), born in Zagarolo, Italy (d. 2003)
  • Jul 16 Leo Joseph Suenens, Belgian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Ixelles, Belgium (d. 1996)
  • Jul 17 Jef Alpaerts, Flemish pianist, educator, and conductor (Collegium Musicum Antverpiense), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1973)
  • Jul 23 Adone Zecchi, Italian composer, born in Bologna (d. 1995)
  • Jul 24 James R. Killian Jr., 10th president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1948-59), born in Blacksburg, South Carolina (d. 1988)
  • Jul 24 Leo Arnaud, French-American composer (Bugler's Dream), born in Lyon, France (d. 1991)
  • Jul 24 Nikolay Kuznetsov, Russian naval commander (Admiral of the Fleet during World War II), born in Medvedki, Russian Empire (d. 1974)
  • Jul 26 Jack Westrup, English composer, born in London (d. 1975)
  • Jul 27 Anton Dolin [Sydney Francis Patrick Chippendall Healey-kay], British dancer (Girl From Petrovka), born in Slinfold, Sussex, England (d. 1983)
  • Jul 27 Kenneth Bainbridge, American physicist (measurements of mass differences between nuclear isotopes), born in Cooperstown, New York (d. 1996)
  • Jul 28 Selwyn Lloyd, British politician (Foreign Secretary, 1955-60; Exchequer, 1960-62; Leader of the House of Commons, 1963–64; Speaker of the House of Commons, 1971-76),, born in West Kirby, England (d. 1978)
  • Jul 29 J. R. D. Tata, Indian industrialist (d. 1993)
  • Jul 30 Salvador Novo, Mexican writer and poet, born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1974)
  • Jul 31 Arthur Daley, American sportswriter (NY Times-Pulitzer 1956), born in NYC, New York (d. 1974)
  • Jul 31 Brett Halliday, American writer (Dividend on Death), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1977)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 3 Edouard Beaupré, Canadian giant and strongman (b. 1881)
  • Jul 3 Theodor Herzl, Austrian journalist and founder (Zionist movement), dies at 44
  • Jul 5 Abai Kunanbaiuli, Kazakh poet (b. 1845)

Paul Kruger

Jul 14 Paul Kruger, 3rd President of South African Republic (1883-1900) and face of Boer resistance during the Second Boer War, dies of pneumonia at 78

  • Jul 22 Wilson Barrett, British manager, actor, and playwright (The Sign of the Cross), dies at 58
  • Jul 23 John Simon, British pathologist, public health officer, and 1st Chief Medical Officer (1855-76), dies at 87
  • Jul 28 Vyacheslav von Plehve, Russian Minister of the Interior, killed by Jewish revolutionaries after a bomb is thrown at his carriage, dies at 58