On This Day

What Happened in July 1905

Historical Events

Historic Event

Jul 1 Albert Einstein introduces his theory of special relativity

  • Jul 3 Kuyper government forms in Holland
  • Jul 3 American boxer Marvin Hart scores a 12th round KO of Jack Root in Reno, Nevada for the vacant world heavyweight title

Hall of Fame

Jul 4 Baseball Hall of Fame pitchers Rube Waddell (A's) and Cy Young (Boston) matchup in 20-inning classic; Philadelphia win, 4-2

  • Jul 6 Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time
  • Jul 7 127°F (53°C), Parker, Arizona (state record)
  • Jul 8 Part of Angel Island in San Francisco Bay allocated for Immigration Detention Center
  • Jul 8 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: May Sutton becomes first American player to win the singles title at Wimbledon; beats Dorothea Chambers 6-3, 6-4
  • Jul 8 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Home town favourite Laurence Doherty wins his 4th consecutive Wimbledon singles title; beats Norman Brookes of Australia 8-6 6-2 6-4
  • Jul 8 The soldiers of the Russian battleship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Romanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after

Historic Event

Jul 10 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court

Historic Event

Jul 11 Black intellectuals and activists lead by W.E.B. Du Bois organize the civil rights Niagara Movement

  • Jul 12 The British and Japanese renew their alliance (of January 1902) for 10 years and agree to provide mutual support if attacked by other power
  • Jul 19 Llamas war party attacks group of 60, fleeing French mission at Tzekou, (Chinese-Tibetan border) murdering most with Scottish botanist George Forrest escaping by hiding for nine days [1]
  • Jul 22 Philadelphia Athletic's Weldon Henley no-hits St Louis Browns, 6-0
  • Jul 24 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: Laurence Doherty & Reggie Doherty beat Holcombe Ward & Beals Wright 8-10, 6-2, 6-2, 4-6, 8-6 to give British Isles an unassailable 3-0 lead over US (ends 5-0)

Treaty of Interest

Jul 24 Tsar Nicholas II (Russia) and Emperor Wilhelm II (Germany) sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other's defense if attacked by European powers

Agreement of Interest

Jul 29 US Secretary of War William Howard Taft makes secret agreement with Japanese Prime Minister Katsura agreeing to Japanese free rein in Korea in return for non-interference with the US in the Philippines

  • Jul 30 Dutch Covenant of Worker's union, NVV, forms
  • Jul 30 3rd Tour de France won by Louis Trousselier of France
  • Jul 31 Matumbi rebellion at Samanga, German East Africa

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 4 Dante Fiorillo, American composer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1970)
  • Jul 4 Lionel Trilling, American literary critic and author (1969 Poses Award, The Liberal Imagination), born in NYC, New York (d. 1975)
  • Jul 4 Irving Johnson, American sail training pioneer and adventurer, born in Hadley, Massachusetts (d. 1991)
  • Jul 5 Isa Miranda [Ines Sampietro], Italian model and actress (La Ronde), born in Bergamo (d. 1982)
  • Jul 5 Jock "Herbie" Cameron, South African cricket wicketkeeper and captain (26 Tests; 51 dismissals), born in Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape Province (d. 1935)
  • Jul 7 Marcel Rubin, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1995)
  • Jul 8 Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator (d. 1997)

Clarence Campbell

Jul 9 Clarence Campbell, Canadian 3rd president of the NHL (1946-77), born in Fleming, Saskatchewan (d. 1984)

  • Jul 9 Myles Horton, American educator and Civil Rights Movement teacher, born in Savannah, Tennessee (d. 1990)
  • Jul 10 Thomas Gomez, American actor (Force of Evil, Key Largo, Kim, Sellout), born in NYC, New York (d. 1971)
  • Jul 10 Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician, born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1948)
  • Jul 12 Prince John of the United Kingdom, youngest son of English King George V, born in York Cottage, Sandringham (d. 1919)
  • Jul 13 Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (d. 1990)
  • Jul 17 Bill Gargan, American actor (The Bells of St. Mary's; You Only Live Once), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1979)
  • Jul 19 Boyd Neel, English conductor (Story of an Orchestra), born in Blackheath, London (d. 1981)
  • Jul 19 Edgar Snow, American author and journalist (Red star over China), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1972)
  • Jul 19 Louis Kentner, Hungarian-British pianist and composer, born in Karviná, Austrian Silesia (d. 1987)
  • Jul 20 Molly Mary Nesta Keane, writer
  • Jul 21 Diana Trilling, American critic and writer (d. 1996)
  • Jul 22 Doc Cramer, American baseball player (d. 1990)
  • Jul 23 Erich Itor Kahn, German composer of Jewish descent, born in Rimbach, Odenwald (d. 1956)
  • Jul 25 Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-British author (Crowds and Power) and winner of the 1981 Nobel Prize for Literature, born in Ruse, Bulgaria (d. 1994)
  • Jul 25 Denys Watkins-Pitchford, British writer and illustrator (The Little Grey Men), born in Lamport, Northamptonshire (d. 1990)

Clara Bow

Jul 29 Clara Bow, American silent screen actress (It, Saturday Night Kid), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1965)

Dag Hammarskjöld

Jul 29 Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish public servant, 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations (1953-61) and posthumous Nobel Peace Prize winner (1961), born in Jönköping, Sweden (d. 1961)

  • Jul 29 Stanley Kunitz, American poet (d. 2006)
  • Jul 31 Trenchard Cox, British museum director, born in London (d. 1995)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 4 Élisée Reclus, French anarchist (b. 1830)
  • Jul 5 Carel V Gerritsen, free thinker, dies
  • Jul 8 Walter Kittredge, American musician during American Civil War, dies at 70
  • Jul 16 Bryan Morel Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 69
  • Jul 23 Jean-Jacques Henner, French painter, dies at 76
  • Jul 27 Robert Bullock, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 76