On This Day

What Happened in October 1905

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to write his Piano Sonata 1. X. 1905.

Historic Event

Oct 5 Orville and Wilbur Wright's make a circling flight on "Flyer III" of 24.2 miles (38.9 kms) in 39 minutes and 23 seconds

  • Oct 9 First league sanctioned Baseball World Series begins; New York Giants (NL) beat Philadelphia A's (AL), 3-0 in Game 1 at Columbia Park
  • Oct 14 Baseball Word Series: NY Giants (NL) beat Philadelphia A's (AL), 2-0 in Game 5 at the Polo Grounds to win first league sanctioned WS, 4-1; Christy Mathewson's 3rd straight WS shutout

Music Premiere

Oct 15 Claude Debussy's symphonic sketch "La Mer" premieres in Paris

  • Oct 15 Union workers at NVV rejects safety demands
  • Oct 16 The Partition of Bengal (India) occurred.
  • Oct 20 Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days

Historic Event

Oct 20 Russian Tsar Nicholas II allows the Poles to speak Polish to help quell the revolution in the Kingdom of Poland

  • Oct 21 In early promotion of soccer in America, England Pilgrim Association XI beats All New York XI, 7-1 at the Polo Grounds, NY
  • Oct 23 Edward Milton Royle's play "Squaw Man" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 25 1st College Football Crab Bowl Classic: Navy beats Maryland 17-0 in Annapolis
  • Oct 26 First Soviet (workers' council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia
  • Oct 26 Union of Sweden & Norway ends
  • Oct 29 Nama chief Hendrik Witbooi fatally injured fighting for independence against German colonists near Vaalgras (modern Namibia)
  • Oct 30 "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament)

Theater Premiere

Oct 30 George Bernard Shaw's play "Mrs Warren's Profession" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 31 Great revolutionary demonstration for amnesty in St Petersburg

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 4 Leon Orthel, Dutch pianist and composer, born in Roosendaal, Netherlands (d. 1985)
  • Oct 4 René Defossez, Belgian composer, born in Spa, Belgium (d. 1988)
  • Oct 5 John Hoyt, American actor (Gimme a Break, Tom Dick & Mary), born in Bronxville, New York (d. 1991)
  • Oct 5 Harriet E MacGibbon, American actress, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1987)

Helen Wills Moody

Oct 6 Helen Wills Moody, American tennis player (19 Grand Slam titles), born in Centerville California (d. 1998)

  • Oct 7 Andy Devine, American character actor (Roy Roger's sidekick - "Cookie"; Stagecoach; Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok, 1951-58), born in Flagstaff, Territory of Arizona (d. 1977)
  • Oct 9 May Moxon, Scottish dance producer, born in Townhead, Glasgow (d. 1996)
  • Oct 9 Howard St John, American actor (Born Yesterday, Li'l Abner), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1974)
  • Oct 10 Jane Winton, American actress (Hell's Angel, Patsy, Don Juan), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1959)
  • Oct 11 Fred Trump, American real estate developer, father of Donald Trump, born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)
  • Oct 12 Rick Ferrell, American Baseball Hall of Fame catcher (8 x MLB All Star; Boston Red Sox, Washington Senators), born in Durham, North Carolina (d. 1995)
  • Oct 15 Alexey Fedorovich Kozlovsky, Russian composer, born in Kyiv, Ukraine (d. 1977)
  • Oct 15 Charles P. Snow, English novelist (Death Under Sail, Strangers and Brothers) and physical chemist, born in Leicester, England (d. 1980)
  • Oct 15 Dag Wirén, Swedish composer, born in Striberg, Sweden (d. 1986)
  • Oct 15 Edna Deane (née Sewell) British dancer, choreographer and drama teacher, born in Orange Free State of South Africa (d. 1995)
  • Oct 16 Wild Bill Elliott [Gordon Nance], American actor (Beyond the Sacramento), born in Pattonsburg, Missouri (d. 1965)
  • Oct 17 Franco Albini, Italian architect
  • Oct 18 Felix Houphouet-Boigny, President of Ivory coast (1960-93)
  • Oct 21 Carleton Young, American actor (Reefer Madness, The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance), born in Westfield, New York (d. 1994)
  • Oct 22 Joseph Kosma, composer
  • Oct 22 Karl Jansky, Czech, discoverer (cosmic radio emissions in 1932)
  • Oct 23 Alexander Shamil'yevich Melik-Pashayev, Georgian conductor and composer (Bol’shoy Theatre, 1931-62), born in Tblisi (d. 1964)
  • Oct 23 Felix Bloch, Swiss-American nuclear physicist (1st Director of CERN, Nobel Prize for Physics 1952), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1983)
  • Oct 23 Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (1st female English Channel 1926), born in NYC, New York (d. 2003)
  • Oct 24 Elizabeth Poston, English composer, born in Stevenage, Hertfordshire (d. 1987)
  • Oct 24 Kristian Hauger, Norwegian pianist, orchestra leader and songwriter ("Charleston i Grukkedalen"), born in Kristiania (now Oslo), Norway (d. 1977)
  • Oct 26 George Flahiff, Canadian Cardinal, born in Paris, Ontario, Canada (d. 1989)
  • Oct 28 Harry Broadhurst, British Royal Air Force commander and flying ace of the Second World War, born in Frimley, Surrey, England (d. 1995)
  • Oct 29 Laurence Dowdall, Scottish lawyer, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Oct 30 Christian Darnton, British composer, born in Leeds, England (d. 1981)

Famous Weddings

Calvin Coolidge

Oct 4 30th US President Calvin Coolidge (33) weds Grace Anna Goodhue (26) in Burlington, Vermont

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 José Maria de Heredia, Cuban-French sonnet poet (Les Trophées), dies at 62
  • Oct 6 Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer and explorer, dies at 72
  • Oct 13 Henry Irving [John Brodribb], British Victorian actor, 1st actor to receive a knighthood (knighted 1895) and the inspiration for Bram Stoker's Dracula, dies at 67
  • Oct 21 Jose Teodor Vilar, composer, dies at 69
  • Oct 28 Alphonse Allais, French humorist/writer (Le chat noir), dies
  • Oct 29 Etienne Desmarteau, Canadian athlete (b. 1873)
  • Oct 29 Hendrik Witbooi, Nama chief (modern Namibia) who resisted German colonial control (pioneered ideas of Pan-Africanism), dies fighting (born ca. 1835) [1]