On This Day

What Happened in April 1906

Historical Events

  • Apr 2 Dave Nourse takes 4 wickets and Reggie Schwarz 3 as South Africa wins the 5th cricket Test in Cape Town to complete a 4-1 series drubbing of England
  • Apr 5 St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"
  • Apr 5 Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates towns in the Naples province, killing more than 100 people

Film Release1st Animated Film

Apr 6 World's 1st animated cartoon is released, "Humorous Phases of Funny Faces" by J. Stuart Blackton

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A frame from
A frame from "Humorous Phases of Funny Faces", released in 1906
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  • Apr 7 Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police & banking business
  • Apr 13 Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos & Vasco da Gama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 US President Theodore Roosevelt denounces "muckrakers" in US press, taken from John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
Author John Bunyan
Author
John Bunyan
  • Apr 15 The Armenian organization AGBU is established.
  • Apr 16 10th Boston Marathon won by 18-year old Tim Ford in 2:45:45; youngest race winner
  • Apr 18 Calvinist Reformed Union in Neth Church forms in Utrecht

Historic CommunicationSan Francisco Earthquake of 1906

Apr 18 San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 while destroying 75% of the city

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Arnold Genthe's famous photograph, looking toward the fire on Sacramento Street
Arnold Genthe's famous photograph, looking toward the fire on Sacramento Street
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  • Apr 18 The Los Angeles Times story on the Azusa Street Revival launches Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement
  • Apr 19 Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail
  • Apr 19 SF Earthquake ends killing 452
  • Apr 22 Intercalated Games opens in Athens
  • Apr 22 New rule puts umpire in sole charge of all game balls
  • Apr 26 Motion pictures begin regular showings at the Orpheum Theater in Honolulu, Hawaii

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Ned Glass, Polish-American actor (Sol-Julia, Uncle Moe-Bridget Loves Bernie), born in Poland (d. 1984)
  • Apr 1 Sigve Lie, Norwegian sailor (Olympic gold dragon class 1948, 52), born in Haugesund, Norway (d. 1958)
  • Apr 3 Kathleen Tillotson, Emeritus Professor of English (Bedford College), born in Berwick-upon-Tweed (d. 2001)
  • Apr 3 Walter "Fats" Pichon American jazz pianist, singer, and big bandleader, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1967)
  • Apr 4 Beatrice "Bea" Benaderet, American actress (Kate-Petticoat Junction), born in NYC, New York (d. 1968)
  • Apr 4 John Cameron Swayze, American newscaster (Timex, Hindenberg), born in Wichita, Kansas (d. 1995)
  • Apr 5 Guy Clutton-Brock, English social worker (declared as national hero in Zimbabwe), born in Northwood, Middlesex (d. 1995)
  • Apr 5 Grady Sutton, American actor (The Bank Dick; The Pruitts of Southhampton), born in Chattanooga, Tennessee (d. 1995)
  • Apr 5 Lord Buckley, American comedian, born in Tuolumne, California (d. 1960)
  • Apr 6 Virginia Hall [Goillot], American spy with British Special Operations during WWII (1940-1966), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1982)
  • Apr 8 Charles J. B. Jonckheere, Flemish poet and writer (Mirror of the Sea)
  • Apr 8 Raoul Jobin, French Canadian operatic tenor, born in Quebec City, Quebec (d. 1974)
  • Apr 9 Antal Doráti, Hungarian-American conductor (Minneapolis Symphony, 1949-1960; National Symphony, 1970-77), and composer, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1988)
  • Apr 9 Hugh Gaitskell, British politician (Leader of the Labour Party), born in Kensington, London (d. 1963)
  • Apr 9 Victor Vasarely, Hungarian-French painter and author (Op Art), born in Pécs, Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1997)
  • Apr 9 Rafaela Aparicio [Rafaela Díaz Valiente], Spanish actress, born in Málaga, Spain (d. 1996)
  • Apr 10 Joseph "Fud" Livingston, American jazz clarinetist, arranger, and composer ("Im Thru With Love"), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1957) [1]
  • Apr 10 Kathleen Major, British historian and principal (St Hilda's College, England), born in Lincolnshire (d. 2001)
  • Apr 11 Dalia "Dale" Messick, American cartoonist (Brenda Starr, Reporter), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 2005)
  • Apr 13 Lawrence "Bud" Freeman, American jazz tenor saxophonist, bandleader, and composer ("The Eel"; "Zen Is When"), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1991)

Person of interestSamuel Beckett

Apr 13 Samuel Beckett, Irish novelist and playwright (Waiting for Godot, Nobel 1969), born in Foxrock, Ireland (d. 1989)

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett

Person of interestFaisal of Saudi Arabia

Apr 14 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd and Hasa (d. 1975)

  • Apr 14 Hunter Johnson, American composer, born near Benson, North Carolina (d. 1998)
  • Apr 15 Sandy Bell, South African cricket fast bowler (16 Tests 1929-35), born in East London, South Africa (d. 1985)
  • Apr 16 Cobina W "Coby" Molenaar, Dutch peace activist (d. 1994)
  • Apr 16 Marion Lloyd Vince, American fencer (National champ 1928, 31), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 17 Sidney Garfield, American physician and pioneer of health maintenance organizations (Kaiser Permanente), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1984)
  • Apr 18 Clara Eggink, Dutch poet (Life with J C Bloem), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • Apr 18 Eurreal "Little Brother" Montgomery, American jazz, boogie-woogie and blues pianist, singer, and composer ("Crescent City Blues"), born in Kentwood, Louisiana (d. 1985)
  • Apr 21 Tom Burns, British-Chilean publisher and editor, born in Chile (d. 1995)
  • Apr 22 Eric Fenby, English composer and president (Delius Society), born in Scarborough, North Yorkshire (d. 1997)

Person of interestEddie Albert

Apr 22 Eddie Albert [Heimberger], American actor (Roman Holiday, Green Acres), born in Rock Island, Illinois (d. 2005)

  • Apr 22 Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, Swedish prince second in line to the Swedish throne, born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1947)

Person of interestWilliam Joyce

Apr 24 William Joyce, American-born Irish Fascist politician and NAZI propagandist, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1946)

Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist William Joyce
Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist
William Joyce
  • Apr 25 Sally Salminen, Finnish writer (Katrina), born in Vårdö, Finland (d. 1976)
  • Apr 25 William J. Brennan, Jr, American Supreme Court judge (1956-90), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1997)
  • Apr 25 Zoltán Gárdonyi, Hungarian composer, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1986)
  • Apr 27 Mark Alexander Abrams, English market researcher, born in Edmonton, London (d. 1994)
  • Apr 27 Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (Leonís), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1966)
  • Apr 28 Bart [Bartholomeus Jan] Bok, Dutch-American astronomer (Milky Way), born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • Apr 28 Pierre Boileau, French novelist (Vertigo), born in Paris, France (d. 1989)
  • Apr 28 Kurt Gödel, Austrian-American mathematician (Gödel's incompleteness theorems), born in Brünn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1978)
  • Apr 28 Paul Sacher, Swiss conductor and entrepreneur, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1999)
  • Apr 28 Tony "Big Tuna" Accardo, American mobster (St Valentine's Day) and boss of the Chicago Outfit, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1992)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 6 Alexander L Kielland, Norwegian writer (Working People), dies at 57
  • Apr 8 Auguste Deter, German woman notable for being the 1st person diagnosed with Alzheimer's, dies of sepsis caused by an infected bedsore at 55
  • Apr 10 Georgi Gapon, Russian-orthodox clergyman, and tsarist infromant agent, dies at 36

Person of interestJames Anthony Bailey

Apr 11 James Anthony Bailey, American circus ringmaster and showman (Barnum & Bailey), dies at 58

Circus Showman and Businessman James Anthony Bailey
Circus Showman and Businessman
James Anthony Bailey
  • Apr 11 Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (The New York Sun - "Yes, Virginia, There Is A Santa Claus"), dies at 67
  • Apr 18 Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus, dies at 59
  • Apr 19 Pierre Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1903) and husband of Marie Curie, dies in a cart accident at 46
  • Apr 19 Spencer Gore, British tennis player (1st Wimbledon singles champion 1877), dies at 56
  • Apr 20 Australian wombat; oldest known marsupial, dies in London Zoo at 26 (London, England)
  • Apr 25 John Knowles Paine, American composer (Symphony No. 2 - In Spring), dies at 67